Therapeutic massage. Objectives. At the end of the lecture students should be able to: Define and understand the concept of therapeutic massage . Explain different effects of massage . List indications and contra-indications of therapeutic massage .
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
At the end of the lecture students should be able to:
Hands must be clean, warm, dry & soft. Nails must be short and smooth.
Patient should be warm, well draped and in a comfortable relaxed position. The body part may be elevated if necessary.
Treatment table should be:
It is how fast or slow a stroke is performed depending on the desired response, relaxation or stimulation.
For example, compression applied with slow, rhythmic presses flushes lactic acid out of a muscle, while compression done quickly pumps fresh blood into the muscle and prepares it for action. In general, slow strokes soothe while fast strokes wake up.
For example applying effleurage from the foot, the lower leg, the upper leg to the upper thigh.
Different body systems are affected by massage.
Massage can loosen adherent mucous from the bronchial tree and improve respiration.
Massage can reduce pain by:
Stroking of the skin:
In superficial, rhythmic stroking, the hands contour the body or relates to direction of underlying muscles.
In deep stroking, the hands follow course of veins & lymph vessels.
It frees adhesions by stretching & separating the muscle fiber, fascia, & scar tissue while assisting venous return & milking out waste products.
Slapping is performed with the palmar side of the hand with usually more finger surface than palm.
It stimulates initially but can become sedating with prolonged use. In this case, tapotements promote relaxation, desensitize irritated nerve endings, and break up congestion in the lung.
N.B. Tapotement is not performed over the kidneys or bony surfaces.
Vibration is a fine, gentle trembling movement of the tissues which is performed by hand or fingers. Shaking is a large movement performed more vigorously.
Vibrating and shaking can be performed on the abdominal area to aid digestion. It can be used to promote tone in the colon and to relieve constipation.