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C hordates. Maria Garcia And Sasha espinola. Phylum Chordata. Classification of Chordates include characteristics such as:. Structure of Chordate. Notochord: Supporting rod that runs through the body just below the nerve cord. Some chordates only have an notochord when they are embryos.

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C hordates


Maria Garcia


Sasha espinola

Phylum chordata
Phylum Chordata

Classification of Chordates include characteristics such as:

Structure of chordate
Structure of Chordate

Notochord: Supporting rod that runs through the body just below the nerve cord.

Some chordates only have an notochord when they are embryos.

Pharyngeal Pouches: paired structures in the pharynx region of the throat.

Some chordate, like fishes and amphibians, slits connect to the outside of the body that develop gills

All chordates have a tail that extends beyond the anus it can contain bone and muscle and is used in swimming by many aquatic species


More than 99% of all chordates are placed in the sub phylum vertebrata and they are called vertebrates

Has a supporting structure know as a vertebral column, or backbone

Dorsal hollow nerve cord is the spinal cord

As chordates develop the front end of the spinal chord grows into a brain, the backbone replaces the notochord, and is made of individual segments called vertebrae that protects the spinal chord.

Nonvertebrate chordates
Nonvertebrate Vertebrates Chordates

Vertebrates and nonvertebrates evolved from a common ancestor because of the similarities in structure and embryological development

Fossil from the Cambrian period states that they divided more than 550 million years ago

Tunicates Vertebrates

Belong to the subphylum Urochordata, filter-feeders.

The larva form of a tunic has all the chordate characteristics, adult tunics on the other hand don’t have a notochord or a tail.

Lancelets Vertebrates

Belong to the subphylum Cephalochordata.

They’re small fish-like creatures that live on the sandy ocean bottom.

Adult Lancelets has a defined head region that contains a mouth, it opens into a long pharynx with up to a 100 pairs of gill slits.

Lancelets cont
Lancelets cont. Vertebrates

Water passes through the pharynx and a sticky mucus catches the food particles. Then, the Lancelets swallows the mucus into the digestive track.

Lancelets use the gills in the pharynx for gas exchange, they’re so thin that they can exchange gases through their body surface.

Lancelets have a closed circulatory system, meaning their blood flows within, the walls of the blood vessels pump blood throughout the Lancelets tiny body.

Lancelets cont part deux
Lancelets cont. part Vertebratesdeux

The fish like motion of Lancelets results from contracting muscles that are organized into v-shaped units, they’re paired on either side of the body.

Often live with their bodies half buried into the sand.

They contain no fins of legs, this is why they have paired muscles along their body