Chest Radiography. Tony Tiemesmann Diagnostic Radiology Bloemfontein Hospital Complex. Introduction. evidence-based guidelines to assist referring physicians in making the most appropriate imaging or treatment decision for a specific clinical condition
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Bloemfontein Hospital Complex
evidence-based guidelines to assist referring physicians in making the most appropriate imaging or treatment decision for a specific clinical condition
enhance quality of care and contribute to the most efficacious use of radiology
The available evidence does not support a policy for
performing routine admission or preoperative chest
radiographs for all patients.
Although there is no evidence showing that such a policy would lead to worse outcomes for patients, the finding that only 2% of chest radiographs lead to a change in management of patients suggests a high level of cost and
inconvenience with potentially limited benefits.
Routine daily chest radiographs are not indicated for
patients with unchanged cardiopulmonary problems.
In stable patients admitted for cardiac monitoring, or in stable patients admitted for extrathoracic disease only, an initial ICU admission radiograph is not recommended; followup radiographs should be obtained only for specific
Very few malpositioned tubes are detected by physical
examination. Radiographs immediately postintubation are
indicated to insure proper positioning.
A chest radiographs after insertion of a CVP catheter is
recommended to demonstrate proper placement and detect
any complications. Beyond the initial insertion, follow-up
chest radiographs have a low yield for revealing complications.
Follow-up chest radiographs are suggested only when complications are suspected clinically.
Chest radiographs are suggested after Swan-Ganz catheter insertion.
Once pneumothorax has been excluded and proper
positioning has been assured, follow-up radiographs are
not required except for specific clinical indications.
Based on limited evidence, small-bore feeding tubes may,
in a small but significant number of patients, be
inadvertently placed in the lungs.
A chest radiograph is warranted after initial nasogastric tube insertion and before the first feeding. Beyond the initial chest radiograph, follow-up chest radiographs are not required for managing stable tubes.
After insertion of a chest tube, a chest radiograph is
recommended to show the position of the tube, any
success in drainage, and possible complications from
Beyond this point, evaluation of tube position and function is warranted based on management of the pleural space and clinical indications.
American College of Radiology – Appropriateness Criteria reviewed November 2011.