What can Gender Responsive Budgeting Achieve? . Diane Elson University of Essex May 2011. What is Gender Responsive Budgeting? .
University of Essex
Examples : Economic costs of parenthood , Financial situation of elderly.
( e.g programmes to address domestic violence).
UK: redesign of Working Tax Credit ( WTC)
WTC is an income transfer that tops up wages so as to make having a job pay more than living on benefits. It is like a negative income tax and administered through the UK tax authority.
It is assessed on a household, not individual basis.
UK Women’s Budget Group identified danger of fostering a ‘male breadwinner’ household, and pressed government for change.
System was redesigned:
Child care subsidy element paid to main carer separately from other elements in WTC
Supplement to WTC for having a full time earner modified so that ‘full time’ hours can be split between a couple
The total raised from VAT in 1995/95 was R29,288.4 millions.
Andalusia, Spain , 2010 budget ( almost 34million Euros)