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Napier University Learning Information Services (NULIS). Faculty of Engineering and Computing - Postgraduate Research Skills. What is an Information Search?. a systematic and methodical search of published sources of information to identify items relevant for a particular need

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napier university learning information services nulis

Napier University Learning Information Services (NULIS)

Faculty of Engineering and Computing - Postgraduate Research Skills

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

what is an information search
What is an Information Search?
  • a systematic and methodical search of published sources of information to identify items relevant for a particular need
  • published = in print or electronic format, e.g. book, journal, video, web site, etc.

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

why do a search
Why do a search?
  • Topic selection
  • Find specific project information
  • Discover structure of information in a particular subject
  • Locate information on research methods - questionnaire design, data analysis, report writing etc.

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

searching cycle
Searching Cycle

Concept Clarification

Search statement

Evaluate

Information

Sources

Modify

Search Strategy

SEARCH

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

keywords example
Keywords (example)
  • Broad topic area: Information systems design
  • Key concept: Human computer interaction (HCI)
  • Broad keywords: interface design, user, cognitive psychology,
  • Narrower terms: graphical user interface (GUI),
  • Related terms: artificial intelligence, ergonomics, software design, anthropology, applications etc.

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

the research cycle
The research cycle

PUBLISHING

CYCLE

PRIMARY SOURCES

Journals

Dissertations

Theses

Books

Newspapers

Conference papers

Patents & Standards

Reports

SECONDARY SOURCES

Indexes

Abstracts

INFORMATION

SEARCHING

TERTIARY SOURCES

Catalogues

Bibliographies

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

slide7

Why use journals?

  • Articles on the latest news, trends and research
  • Letters / opinion
  • Job vacancies
  • Equipment
  • Meetings, conferences, courses
  • Contacts
  • Subject matter and level do vary
  • Currency is their strength

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

journals cont
Academic/Professional

Primary research

Authors identified

Refereed

Specialised topics

Notice of work in progress

Foster debate

Commercial

Interpret developments

Anonymous

Not (usually) refereed

Readable & inexpensive

News & current developments

Profit making

Journals (cont)

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

slide9
Consult the NULIS Catalogue and Subject

Guides for full details on all of the services

referred to in this presentation.

Information sources

web site http://nulis.napier.ac.uk

** New **

  • Plus helpsheets, resource guides, research methods on the NULIS web site

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

slide10

Accessing the Catalogue

Covers material in different formats- books, journals, electronic resources, videos, websites

1. WEBPAC

http://webpac.napier.ac.uk

  • Direct links to web

2. Telnet PAC

telnet://library.napier.ac.uk/

  • Dedicated terminals in Learning Centres

Place holds

Renew loans

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

slide11

Other catalogues http://nulis.napier.ac.uk/Catalogues/OtherLibs.htm

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

slide12

Abstracts & Indexes

  • Retrieve relevant journal articles, conference proceedings etc.
  • Electronic - still some print sources
  • Search by keyword, subject or author
  • Provides bibliographic details plus abstract
  • Wider than NULIS holdings

N.B. The NULIS catalogue lists journal titles only.

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

slide13

Example of an abstract

  • Title:Internet Scrapbook
  • Author:Fay, D.
  • Ref:Byte, Apr 1997, pg 23-28
  • Abstract:This article describes an intelligent

Web browsing system called Internet Scrapbook,

which allows users to automate repetitive browsing

tasks...

  • Subjects:Internet, Browsing, Automation

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

evaluating results
Evaluating Results

Apply RUDOLF against your search results:

R - relevant to your needs?

U - useful for the problem in hand?

D - date of publication appropriate?

O - obtainable?

L - level of information correct? Too simple/advanced?

F- fresh information? Do you know this already?

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

ei compendex ei engineering village 2
Ei Compendex & Ei Engineering Village 2
  • All aspects of engineering and computing
  • Indexes 5000 journals, conference

proceeding and technical reports

  • Website Abstracts (10,000+ Web sites)
  • US Patents-full-text, Standards-various
  • Requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://edina.ed.ac.uk/compendex

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

inspec
Inspec
  • Physics, electrical engineering, electronics,

communications, control engineering, and

computing

  • Indexes journal articles, conference

proceedings, reports, dissertations, patents

and books from 1969 onwards

  • Currently c. 5 million records
  • Requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://edina.ed.ac.uk/inspec

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

web of science
Web of Science
  • Subject coverage:
    • Social Sciences Citation Index
    • Science Citation Index
    • Arts & Humanities Citation Index
    • Web of Science Proceedings (Science & Technology)
  • Indexes journal articles, editorials, letters,

conference proceedings book reviews etc.

  • Search search for references which cite a particular author, article, or book.
  • Requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://wos.mimas.ac.uk

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

cambridge scientific abstracts
Cambridge Scientific Abstracts
  • Umbrella service for 30+ databases
  • Subject coverage includes computing,

engineering, and science

  • Indexes journals, conference papers,

and reports

  • Requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://www.csa1.co.uk

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

ante abstracts in new technologies and engineering
ANTE- Abstracts in New Technologies and Engineering
  • Via Cambridge Scientific Abstracts
  • Computing, electronics, engineering,

(including construction, electrical, and

chemical engineering), biotechnology,

and medical technology)

  • Indexes 350+ journals, 14,000+ records
  • Requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://www.csa1.co.uk

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

transport
Transport
  • Transportation research and economic information, combining:
    • Transportation research information services (TRIS) from TRB;
    • International road research documentation (IRRD) from OECD; and
    • TRANSDOC from ECMT
  • http://arc.ucl.ac.uk:8590/
  • Username and password available from Learning Centre

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

emerald abstracts computer abstracts international database
Emerald Abstracts - Computer Abstracts International Database
  • All aspects of computing
  • Indexes 200+ journals
  • Currently c, 30,000 records
  • Remote access requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://www.emerald-library.com

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

emerald abstracts international civil engineering database
Emerald Abstracts - International Civil Engineering Database
  • All aspects of civil engineering
  • Indexes 200+ journals
  • Currently c, 30,000 records
  • Remote access requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://www.emerald-library.com

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

info4education
Info4education
  • Construction Information Online
    • for architects, civil and structural engineers, building control officers, building services engineers and other professionals in the construction industry
  • Specify-it
    • Comprehensive collection of product catalogues covering the construction industry
  • E4data- Comprehensive collection of product catalogues
  • Occupational Health and Safety
    • Full-text collection of key health and safety, fire safety, and environmental health guidance material.
  • http://www.info4education.com

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

ingentajournals
IngentaJournals
  • This multidisciplinary database indexes

and abstracts articles from over 2,500

journals

  • Incorporates full-text links to a number of

engineering and computing journals

  • Requires ATHENS username & password
  • http://www.ingenta.com

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding conference papers
Finding conference papers
  • Index of Conference Proceedings
  • Web of Science Proceedings formerly Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings
      • (via Web of Science)
  • Abstracts & Indexes (see previous slides)
  • ACM Guide to Computing Literature(now ACM Digital Library)
  • The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding theses research in progress
Finding theses/research in progress
  • Index to theses of GB and Ireland
    • http://www.theses.com/
  • COS Expertise
    • http://expertise.cos.com/
    • COS Expertise, our knowledge management service for individuals and institutions, contains more than 460,000 first-person profiles of researchers from over 1300 institutions worldwide.

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding standards and patents
Finding standardsand patents
  • Technical Indexes: British Standards (http://bsonline.techindex.co.uk)
    • Full-text British standards
    • Requires ATHENS username and password
  • EEVL(http://www.eevl.ac.uk)
    • Select EEVL catalogue, tick resource(s) required, select resource operator (or/and)
  • Ei Engineering Village 2 (http://edina.ed.ac.uk/compendex)
    • US patents full-text

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

eevl internet guide to engineering mathematics and computing hub
Databases,

Training materials,

Professional societies,

Product Information,

Company sites

Government

E-Journals

Reference

Recruitment

Patents & Standards

Research Projects

Software

Discussion Lists

Conference announcements

EEVL: Internet guide to Engineering, Mathematics and Computing (Hub)

Coverage

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding software
Finding software
  • UK Mirror Service
    • The Higher Education National Software Archives http://www.mirror.ac.uk/
  • EEVL
    • Select Resource type, Software
  • Search engines

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding company and industry information
Finding company and industry information
  • Company/Professional association websites
  • Company directories (Ref Collection in Learning Centres)
  • ABI Inform global & Proquest Newspapers (Web)
    • full text journal articles (business and IT)
  • Mintel Marketing Intelligence (Web)
    • consumer market research reports
  • Newspapers (Learning Centres, Web)
  • Findex on Cambridge Scientific Abstracts

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding internet resources
Finding Internet resources
  • Search Engines e.g. AltaVista
  • Directories e.g Yahoo
  • NULIS Catalogue
  • NULIS Web pages
    • Subject guides
    • Information Gateways

Subject based links to Web sites vetted by experts. Consult the Internet Resources section of the NULIS Subject Guides for a list of gateways in your subject area.

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

slide32
An ATHENS username & password are required for

access to most of these databases

User name = nap + matriculation number

e.g. nap00101305

Password = the initial of your forename + date of birth (ddmmyy)

e.g. David Smith, born on 25th April 1981

password = d250481

Full details from the Services link on the NULIS homepage

ATHENS username & password

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

electronic searching
Electronic Searching
  • Free textsearches the whole record
  • Field searchtitle/abstract/author
  • Thesaurus/Index controlled vocabulary
  • Boolean

and = both terms

or = either 1st or 2nd term

not = find 1st but not 2nd term

  • Truncationcomput*
  • Wildcard organi?ation
  • Proximitysatellite w/3 wireless

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding the full text
Finding the Full-text
  • Check WebPAC - Books & Journals
    • include print and electronic subscriptions
  • For Journals in Edinburgh check SALSER (Scottish Academic Libraries Serials)
    • http://edina.ed.ac.uk/salser
  • For Electronic Journals check IngentaJournals (http://www.bids.ac.uk) &/or Science Direct (http://www.sciencedirect.com)
      • requires special ID & Password for remote access
  • Request an Inter-library loan

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

finding full text access to electronic journals
Finding Full-text -Access to Electronic Journals
  • Ingenta Journals
  • ScienceDirect
  • Emerald
  • Catchword
  • IDEAL
  • Expanded Academic ASAP International
  • etc, etc

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

inter library loans
Inter-Library Loans

Items obtained from the British Library:

  • Be sure you want them
  • Get them countersigned
  • Prioritise them
  • Batch your requests
  • Allow plenty of time… (1-2 weeks)

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

bibliographies
Bibliography = list of books, journal articles, reports, theses and any other material consulted during the preparation of a report (or essay, project, article etc.)

Purpose:

To acknowledge the sources consulted

To enable other readers to access the material themselves

To provide an overview of the literature relating to the topic

Bibliographies

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

remember
Remember...
  • Think about what you want
  • Structure how you get it
  • Keep notes of references
  • Extend search beyond this Library
  • Allow plenty of time

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing

and finally the literature review
And finally…the literature review!

As appropriate to your project, show

  • knowledge of current literature and your own reading
  • present it thematically or in an order that relates to the rest of the project structure
  • identify trends, gaps etc in the literature
  • analyse, evaluate and otherwise demonstrate that you have understood what you have read
  • NB ALWAYS check your project guidelines

Research Skills

Faculty of Engineering and Computing