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Classical and Worldly Values. The Renaissance Woman Upper-class, educated in classics, charming Expected to inspire art but not create it Isabella d’Este , patron of the artists, wields power in Mantua. The Renaissance and Science Leonardo’s Work: Science and Medicine. The Vitruvian Man.

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classical and worldly values
Classical and Worldly Values
  • The Renaissance Woman
    • Upper-class, educated in classics, charming
    • Expected to inspire art but not create it
    • Isabella d’Este, patron of the artists, wields power in Mantua
the renaissance and science leonardo s work science and medicine
The Renaissance and ScienceLeonardo’s Work: Science and Medicine
  • The Vitruvian Man
  • Studies of a fetus from Leonardo's journals
leonardo s work science and medicine
Leonardo’s Work: Science and Medicine

Investigating the motion of the arm

  • Organs of a Woman’s Body
iii the renaissance and art
III. The Renaissance and Art


Following the barbarism of the Middle Ages, men of the 15th and 16th centuries have the impression of living an extraordinaryperiod of renewal. Theireraiscalled an age of individualgenius.

Key Questions: In whatwaysis the Renaissance in the Arts a HumanistMovement?

How does the Renaissance movement in the arts reflect the largerHumanist’sphilosophy?

the renaissance in art a return to ancient sources
The Renaissance in Art: a return to ancient sources

Just as the Humanists return to ancienttexts in Greek and Latin, the artists of the 15th and 16th centuryfind inspiration in the Ancient world as a reactionagainst the Middle Ages.

The classic influence canbeseenthrough architecture and painting by the decoration of representedscenes (columns, cupolas, arches, etc.)


An example of Greek temple architecture. Note the triangular pediment on top and the Greek columns below

new subject matter for renaissance artists
New Subjectmatter for Renaissance Artists

Mythological and ancientscenesare once againrepresented

Renaissance artistsalsopaintscenes of the Old Testament whichisalso a focus of the Humanists

iv italian renaissance art
IV. Italian Renaissance Art

A. Patronage

1. Florence was the leader in Renaissance art especially in the quattrocento (1400s)

a. Giorgio Vasari (1511-74): The Lives of the Artists

Contemporary Renaissance art historian who left much valuable information about Renaissance artists and their works.

donatello s david note that the subject is standing in contrapposto
Donatello’s “David”Note that the subject is standing in Contrapposto

b. Massive patronage for the arts came from wealthy merchant-families (such as the Medicis) who commissioned countless works from the great artists.

In essence, the wealth of Florence was mirrored by the superb artistic output of the Renaissance

A good example is Donatello’s David which stood in the Medici courtyard during the wedding of Lorenzo de Medici.

In Milan, the Sforza’s commissioned such works as Leonardo’s The Last Supper

Leonardo da Vinci’s “Last Supper” c. 1493-1498


c. Patronage also came from local churches who increasingly saw Renaissance art as a means of glorifying God. Some notable examples include

Brunelleschi’s Il Duomo built for the Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral

Ghiberti’s two sets of doors were created for the baptistery opposite Il Duomo

Ghiberti’s “Gates of Paradise”