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Old Testament Background. _. sunesis institute. Evangelical Free Church of Walnut. The Birth of a Culture. Part 2: The Sacrifices and Holy Days. The Sacrifices. The Holy Days . The Purpose of a “Holy Day” A day set apart to remember/celebrate something

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slide1

Old Testament Background

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sunesis institute

Evangelical Free Church of Walnut

slide2

The Birth of a Culture

Part 2: The Sacrifices and Holy Days

slide4

The Holy Days

The Purpose of a “Holy Day”

A day set apart to remember/celebrate something

A consistent reminder to the Israelites

A reminder of how God made them a nation

A reminder of how God set them free from slavery

To keep the nation unified

All Israelite men were to be present in Jerusalem for the three major feasts (Exodus 23:17)

The children grew up clearly seeing that they were part of a nation, not just a tribe

slide5

The Holy Days

The Purpose of a “Holy Day”

They are foundational to almost every culture

The adoption of pagan holidays was forbidden

Celebrating pagan holidays led to their destruction

They are the key way to influence future generations

As long as there is a holiday, the next generations

will ask “Why?”

It is the responsibility of the parent generation to accurately explain and faithfully observe the holiday

slide6

The Holy Days

The “Non-holyday”

No rest required

Morning and Evening Burnt Offering

Year-old unblemished lamb

Two quarts of fine flour mixed with one quart of crushed olive oil

One quart of wine/beer

slide7

The Holy Days

The Sabbath

Weekly day of rest

Weekly day of learning and worshiping God

Burnt Offerings (in addition to the daily offerings)

Two year-old lambs without blemish

Four quarts of fine flour mixed with one quart of

crushed olive oil

One quart of wine/beer

slide8

The Holy Days

The New Moon

Monthly Day of Celebration

Burnt Offerings – in addition to the daily offerings

2 young bulls without blemish

1 young ram without blemish

7 male lambs, 1year old, without blemish

Grain offering

6 quarts of flour and oil with each bull

4 quarts of flour and oil with the ram

2 quarts of flour and oil with each lamb

slide9

The Holy Days

The New Moon

Drink offering

Two quarts of wine/beer with each bull

One and a third quart wine/beer with the ram

One quart of wine/beer with each lamb

One additional goat as a sin offering

slide10

The Holy Days

The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover)

Seven days of eating only unleavened bread

Passover meal reminded the Israelites of their slavery and salvation

Bitter herbs  slavery

Eating unleavened bread  the left in a hurry

Lamb reminded them of blood on the doorpost

Salvation not from their own goodness

Salvation was from an act of faith

1st and 7th day was a sacred assembly – no working

slide11

The Holy Days

The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover)

Burnt Offerings (in addition to daily sacrifices)

Two young bulls without blemish

One young ram without blemish

Seven male lambs, one year old without blemish

Grain offering

Six quarts of flour and oil with each bull

Four quarts of flour and oil with the ram

Two quarts of flour and oil with each lamb

One male goat for a sin offering

slide12

The Holy Days

Feast of Weeks (a.k.a. “Pentacost”)

Reminded the people that God was their provider

Aday of sacred assembly and no common working There was to be a sacred assembly to present offerings of “new grain” or firstfruits

No new grain was to be consumed until after this feast

Burnt Offerings(in addition to the regular daily sacrifices)

Two young bulls without blemish

One young ram without blemish

Seven male lambs, one year old without blemish

slide13

The Holy Days

Feast of Weeks (a.k.a. “Pentacost”)

Grain offering

Six quarts of flour and oil with each bull

Four quarts of flour and oil with the ram

Two quarts of flour and oil with each lamb

Drink offering

Two quarts of wine/beer with each bull

One and a third quart wine/beer with the ram

One quart of wine/beer with each lamb

One additional goat as a sin offering

slide14

The Holy Days

Feast of Trumpets

Kicked off a month of feasts and sacred assemblies

Feast of Trumpets – 1st of Tishri

Day of Atonement – 10th of Tishri

Feast of Tabernacles – 15th thru 21st of Tishri

A day of sacred assembly, no common working

A day of sounding trumpets and great jubilation

slide15

The Holy Days

Feast of Trumpets

Burnt Offerings – in addition to the daily sacrifices

One young bull without blemish

One young ram without blemish

Seven male lambs, one year old without blemish

Grain offering

Six quarts of flour and oil with the bull

Four quarts of flour and oil with the ram

Two quarts of flour and oil with each lamb

One additional goat as a sin offering

slide16

The Holy Days

Day of Atonement

A day of sacred assembly, no work was to be done

A day of self-denial

Burnt offerings

One young bull without blemish

One young ram without blemish

Seven male lambs, one year old without blemish

Grain offering

Six quarts of flour and oil with the bull

Four quarts of flour and oil with the ram

Two quarts of flour and oil with each lamb

One additional goat as a sin offering

slide17

The Holy Days

Feast of Tabernacles

Seven day festival

Build booths and camp out with their families

Burnt Offerings (offered 7 days in a row)

Bulls

13 on day 1,

12 on day 2,

11 on day 3, and so on until 7 on day 7

2 rams

14 male lambs a year old

slide18

The Holy Days

Feast of Tabernacles

Grain offering

Six quarts of flour and oil with each bull

Four quarts of flour and oil with each ram

Two quarts of flour and oil with each lamb

Drink offering

Two quarts of wine/beer with each bull

One and a third quart wine/beer with each ram

One quart of wine/beer with each lamb

One additional goat as a sin offering

slide19

The Holy Days

Feast of Tabernacles

8th day was a solemn assembly, no common work

Burnt Offerings

One bull without blemish

One ram without blemish

Seven male lambs, one year old, without blemish

Grain offering

Six quarts of flour and oil with each bull

Four quarts of flour and oil with the ram

Two quarts of flour and oil with each lamb

slide20

The Holy Days

Feast of Tabernacles

8th day was a solemn assembly, no common work

Drink offering

Two quarts of wine/beer with each bull

One and a third quart wine/beer with the ram

One quart of wine/beer with each lamb

One additional goat as a sin offering

slide21

The Holy Days

Later Holy Days

Feast of Purim

Remembers the deliverance from Haman’s plot

The story of Esther/Hadassah

Feast of Dedication (Hanukah)

Remembers the purification of the temple in 164 BC

The lamp burned for 8 days with only 1 day’s oil