literacy l anguage reading and writing n.
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LITERACY: L anguage, Reading, and Writing. Write 2 Nonsense stories. BELKJS - K1h, B2g, J3g, E4f, S5s, L6o. LITERACY and LANGUAGE.

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literacy and language

Young children need writing to help them learn about reading, they need reading to help them learn about writing; and they need oral language to help them learn about both.

  • Language is the basis for understanding and communicating. It is developed through:

Talking, listening, reading, singing, writing, playing

reading center

UNIT 1 – Setting up the reading center, choosing books, and telling stories

cursed text

On this, Sopt 1708, the rseidnets of Grave’s End fuoght a btatle agiasnt the priate Captain E. Ville Dewar and his wckied cerw. The btatle wnet on for tirheten dyas and edend Octoebr 31, when the ctizeins sank their sihp. Some say the veengful Captain apaeprs ervey Haloleewn to cuase msicheif in the twon. Msot cizitnes rfesus to bleeive in the ghsot leegnd, clalnig it “nnonesse.”

promote literacy
  • Fill their environment with words and letters:
    • Place word labels on items throughout the room.
    • Dramatic play area always includes literacy items.
      • All areas should include literacy opportunities especially the nutrition and food experience.
    • Sensory letter activities to “experience” the letter.
      • Magnets letters, salt letters, puzzles, …
    • Daily songs, books, and games
    • Ask if they hear the first letter sounds.
      • When sitting at lunch, you can say the names of foods and their beginning sounds and ask if they can hear what the sound is.
    • Encourage familiar Word, sound, and letter recognition within words and signs that the child sees.
      • “This word starts with the same letter and sound as your name!”
children learn the sound of letters first and then the letter
Children learn the Sound of letters first and then the letter.

Mimi Mouse’s Song

(tune: This Old Man)

Mimi Mouse, Mimi Mouse

Minds her manners in the house.

When she sips her milk

She never makes a mess.

Mud pies never mess her dress.

action alphabet
Action Alphabet


Lizard licks lollypops

  • Hold a lollipop and lick the lollypop as you say the phrase and make the “L’ sound.


Tiger Taps

  • Ttttt tap your tooth

S the snake slithers

Z the zebra zips

pre writing activities
PRE-WRITING Activities
  • 1. Two skills are needed before a child can successfully write letters:
a small muscle coordination
a. Small Muscle Coordination
    • Skill needed to hold a pencil and to make basic strokes.
  • Provide activities where the child is using their fingers to help develop the small muscles.
      • Like What?
      • Puzzles, building blocks, play dough, clay, rubber stamps, magnet letters, small cars and trucks, crayons, etc.
b eye hand coordination
b. EYE-HAND Coordination
  • This allows the child’s hand to react to what the eye sees.
      • Like what?
      • Drawing, tracing, cutting, painting, pasting, finger paints, typing (key boards) lacing cards, stringing items, etc.
2 pre writing
  • As a child begins to represent different pictorial ideas using straight lines and circle drawings, they are beginning to write.
make writing letters fun
Make writing & letters FUN!

At first, the majority of preschool children lack the skills for traditional writing.

  • Provide a variety of early literacy ABC activities without holding a pencil.
child s name
Child’s Name
  • 1stask the child if they want to have you write their name on their paper.
    • Maybe they want to write it.
    • Maybe they don’t want their name written on the paper.

a. Take the time and effort to learn how to spell the child’s name correctly!


b. Teach the child to write in lower case letters.

  • Only the first letter in their first and last name has a capital letter.

c. Young children will often reverse letters or write parts of the letter backwards.

        • ball = dall
  • The order of letters in a word may be reversed.
        • Tom = mot = o m t
  • Both are normal and should not be a concern, yet.
handwriting test
Handwriting Test
  • Today is your handwriting test on correct printing.
  • Write the entire Alphabet, numbers 1-10, and Your First and Last Name. –Correctly!
goodbye song tune popeye the sailor man
GOODBYE SONG(Tune: Popeye the Sailor Man)
  • The morning has just flown by I bet I can tell you why Ever since it's begun We've had so much fun Now it's time to say goodbye... Goodbye (clap clap) Goodbye (clap clap) It's time to say goodbye.