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Learning Perspective on Personality. Behavioral Perspective. No such thing as “personality” Rejects notion of traits Behavior a function of the environment People and animals are similar Equipotentiality We are born as a blank slate (Locke) Built on a tradition of empiricism/rationalism.

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Presentation Transcript
behavioral perspective
Behavioral Perspective
  • No such thing as “personality”
  • Rejects notion of traits
  • Behavior a function of the environment
  • People and animals are similar
  • Equipotentiality
  • We are born as a blank slate (Locke)
  • Built on a tradition of empiricism/rationalism
behavioral perspective1
Behavioral Perspective
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning
  • Social Learning
classical conditioning
Classical Conditioning
  • a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus
  • Classical = Pavlovian = respondent
classical conditioning terms
Classical Conditioning Terms

neutral stimulus - NS

unconditioned stimulus - UCS

unconditioned response - UCR

conditioned stimulus - CS

conditioned response - CR

classical conditioning2
Classical Conditioning
  • Acquisition
  • The unconditioned stimulus (UCS) and conditioned stimulus(CS) are paired repeatedly
classical conditioning3
Classical Conditioning
  • After conditioning
classical conditioning4
Classical Conditioning

Personality characterized as CRs to environmental stimuli

CR can be appetitive or aversive

a clockwork orange

A Clockwork Orange

Example of Classical Conditioning

a clockwork orange1
A Clockwork Orange
  • Main character: Alex Delarge
  • Crime: Murder
  • Treatment: Ludivico
john b watson click here
John B. Watson(click here)

1878-1958

“Radical” Behaviorism

Little Albert

temporal arrangements

Temporal Arrangements

Stimulus Contiguity

timing is everything
Timing is Everything!

Forward Conditioning

short delay

long delay

trace

Backward

Simultaneous

extinction
Extinction
  • extinction = the gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency
  • spontaneous recovery = partial recovery of the conditioned response
stimulus discrimination1
Stimulus Discrimination
  • With training, CRs at 400, 800, 1600, 2000 should extinguish, which is a process known as stimulus discrimination.
experimental neurosis
Experimental Neurosis
  • results from competing excitatory and inhibitory conditioned responses.
experimental neurosis1
Experimental Neurosis

Oval

Circle

No Food

Food

Salivation

experimental neurosis2
Experimental Neurosis
  • Dog does not know how to respond and personality changes under this condition.
  • Experimental Neurosis might be at the basis of certain psychological disorders.
different patterns for en
Different Patterns for EN
  • 1) anxious
  • 2) rigid/hypnotized
  • 3) angry
  • Why different patterns?
  • Conditionability
higher order conditioning1
Higher-order Conditioning
  • Phase 2)

CS1

CS2

UCR, CR

UCS

blocking phase 1
Blocking, Phase 1

Light

Light

Fear

Shock

Fear

blocking phase 2
Blocking, Phase 2

Tone

Light / Tone

?

Shock

Fear

classical conditioning5

Classical Conditioning

Practical Application

compensatory responses
Compensatory Responses

Friends, Place, Smells, behaviors prior to use

Cues associated

with drug use

CR

craving

Pleasure

Drug

UCS

UCR

compensatory responses1
Compensatory responses
  • Treatment…
  • Exposure to cues, initially causes craving
  • Without UCS, cravings decrease