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TASK-. You will be shown a slide, you need to identify what you believe we are learning today!!. LESSON OBJECTIVES:. TO IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS THE CHANGES THAT OCCUR DURING ADOLESCENCE. TO IDENTIFY AND DICUSS THE CHANGES THAT OCCUR DURING ADULTHOOD. RECAP. Fastest Finger First

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TASK-

You will be shown a slide, you need to identify what you believe we are learning today!!


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LESSON OBJECTIVES:

TO IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS THE CHANGES THAT OCCUR DURING ADOLESCENCE.

TO IDENTIFY AND DICUSS THE CHANGES THAT OCCUR DURING ADULTHOOD.


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RECAP

Fastest Finger First

You have 5 minutes to put the life stages in the correct order and match this to the correct ages!!.

Life Stage Age Range

Adolescence 65+

Later Adulthood 0-3

Childhood 11-18

Infancy 19-65

Adulthood 4-10


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Adolescence Physical Changes

  • Female Changes

  • Gains weight

  • Grows body hair

  • Periods start

  • Breasts develop

  • Shape changes

  • Skin and hair change

  • Becomes taller

  • Male Changes

  • Gains weight

  • Grows body hair

  • Penis and testicles develop

  • Voice ‘breaks’

  • Shoulders broaden

  • Skin and hair change

  • Becomes taller


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Adolescence

Intellectual – Adolescence can usually work things out logically. Decision making skills take time to develop in adulthood

Emotional – hormones may be out of balance and this can lead to mood swings or aggressive behaviour. Lack of confidence and low self-esteem can be a problem at this age

Social - become increasingly independent of their families and more dependent on their peer group. They also begin to explore their sexuality which includes testing out relationships and sexual behaviour with others


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Decision making, hormones, logically, independent, peer group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships


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Adulthood 19 – 65 years group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

Physical Development – people are at the height of their physical powers and at their reproductive peak.

As people enter their 40s:

  • Men may start to lose their hair

  • Eyesight begins to deteriorate

  • Skin loses elasticity so wrinkles appear

  • Women continue to have periods until about 45 years old when they reach the menopause (fertility declines)

  • Sperm production in men declines although they can continue to father children in to their 80s


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Adulthood – Intellectual, Emotional & Social Development group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

  • Intellectual skills may increase if given the chance. Older people are meant to have wisdom

  • Emotionally adults look for steady and satisfying relationships. This is the stage when couples have children

  • There can be a variety of emotions including anger, resentment and jealousy

  • There can be many changes in adults social life especially when children come along. This is also the period when many experience stress at home or at work.


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Later Adulthood (65+ years) group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

Some people think that getting older is a negative thing but there are some positive things such as:

  • Being able to retire

  • Do more things that they want – travel, hobbies

  • Enjoy more leisure time

  • Enjoy their family especially grandchildren

    The ageing process involves some changes to the body and lifestyle such as:

  • Having less physical strength

  • Getting used to retirement

  • Losing friends and partners

  • Changing accommodation to something smaller or residential care

  • Adjusting to poor quality eye sight or hearing


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Physical development group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

The ageing process is subtle and the changes are slow. If you are with someone regularly you may not notice the changes. However, by the mid 60s the changes are more noticeable:

  • Skin becomes thinner and less elastic – wrinkles appear

  • Bones become more brittle and more likely to break

  • Joints become stiffer and more painful

  • Height is reduced, the spine may become more rounded

  • Muscles become weaker

  • Sense of balance becomes impaired

    • Sense of taste and smell deteriorates

    • Hearing and sight deteriorate – cataracts can develop

    • Skin is less sensitive and so are more likely to burns or hyperthermia

    • Breathing is less efficient

    • Blood pressure increases

    • Insufficient insulin is produced therefore diabetes develops

    • The glands do not function so well so then the

      metabolism slows down which can lead to putting

      on weight


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Intellectual Development group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

People do not become less intelligent as they grow older!

They may need more support when gaining new abilities, new skills or knowledge

If older people are in good health and exercise their minds they will retain their mental abilities.

Their thinking may slow down but their wisdom may increase with age.


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Emotional Development group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

  • People’s concept of themselves continues as life progresses

  • Retirement can affect them as they do not have a clear idea of who he or she is anymore.

  • Apart from health problems they can suffer from being stereotyped. They can be regarded as less able because of their age. This can affect their confidence and self esteem.

  • The death or their partner or friends can leave older people feeling emotionally isolated


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Social Development group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

Either:

Some older people lead very active lives once they retire and they make new friends and get about more

Or:

Health problems and impairments can create difficulties that mean they are very isolated and lonely


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Moral Development group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships

  • Moral development changes throughout the stages of life.

  • When children are young they know they shouldn't do something because they will be punished.

  • As they get reach the teenage years they consider the options and try to understand those around them

  • Once they are adults they form principles and values that will affect the way he or she chooses to live his/her life


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Losing someone close to you or well known to you group, mood swings, Lack of confidence, low self esteem, sexuality, relationships


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