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INTE R N A TI O NAL C O NF E R E N C E. “ T h e o b se r v a n c e of c h il d r e n ’ s rig h t s t o f amily h a b i t a t ion. A n al y sis o f th e e x i s t i n g si tu a t ion in th e R e pub lic of M ol d o v a th r o u gh th e b e s t p r acti c es of o th er c o u n t ries”.

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INTERNATIONALCONFERENCE

“Theobservanceof children’srightstofamilyhabitation.

Analysis of theexistingsituationin theRepublicof Moldovathrough

thebest practicesof other countries”

Chisinau(Moldova),03-05October 2013

Protectionofchildrenwithoutadequate

care inCroatia

DanijelaŽagar and LidijaPetrović,

advisors to the Ombudsperson forChildren

parental


TheRepublic

ofCroatia

Area: 56,594km2

(2011):4.284.889

inhabitants

Population

896.605children(0-19)

*CentralBureau of Statisticsof theRepublicofCroatia(Census 2011)


Ombudspersonfor Children

Croatianmodel

o

autonomous,independent,specialisedOffice,

establishedbytheLawonOmbudsmanfor

Childrenin2003

headofficeinZagrebandthreeregionaloffices

o


The Law on the Ombudsmanfor Children

(OfficialGazette96/2003)

o

The Ombudsman for Childrenprotects,monitorsand promotes

therightsand interestsof childrenin accordancewiththe

Constitutionof the Republicof Croatia,internationaltreatiesand

nationallaws

o

Article13

The Ombudsman for Childrenis entitledto enter the premises

andgain insightinto the mannerof providing careto children

whoare stayingorhave been temporarilyorpermanently

accommodatedwithnaturaland legal personsand otherlegal

entitieson the basisof specific regulations.


CHILDRENIN INSTITUTIONS

3typesofhomesfor children:

homesfor childrenwithoutadequateparental care(25)

homesfor childrenwithbehavioural disorders (12)

homesfor children(andadults)withdisabilities(45)


HOMES FOR CHILDRENWITHOUT

PARENTALCARE

25homesfor children withoutadequateparental care

ADEQUATE

Homesfoundedby thestate

-14homesand7 branches

Homesfoundedby otherfounders

- 2 homes (SOS-villages)

Familyhomes –3 homes (family-based formof care)

6religious communitiesandNGOs

*accordingtotheOfficeofOmbudspersonforChildren’sdataon31 December2012


HOMES FOR CHILDREN WITHOUT ADEQUATE

PARENTALCARE

Numberofchildrenon31December2012:1046childrenandyouth

927(0-18yr)

119(18-21yr)

845children(80,78%)permanentaccommodation

averagelengthofstay:3yearsandmore

*accordingtothe Office ofOmbudsperson forChildren’sdataon 31December 2012


OUROBSERVATIONS

largeinstitutions

largenumberofchildrenin institutions

lengthyperiodofstay

unevendevelopmentoffostercarein differentCroatian

regions

lack ofurbanandspecializedfostercare

inadequatecooperationofsocialwelfarecenterswithfoster

carers

lackofparticipationin makingindividualplansforchildren

lack ofadditionalandcontinuouseducationforfostercarers

returnofchildrenfromfostercaretoinstitutions…..


DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION


Deinstitutionalization,

more

human

natural

stimulating

cheaper

especially

as

foster

care

is

typeof care,whichensures

family-basedform of care.

protectionand life

in


NATIONALPLANONDEINSTITUTIONALIZATIONAND

TRANSFORMATIONOF SOCIALWELFAREHOMES ANDOTHER

TYPESOF LEGALENTITIESPROVIDINGSOCIAL WELFARE

SERVICESIN THEREPUBLIC OF CROATIA 2011-2016

MASTERPLAN

(2018)

-decreaseinstitutionalisedcare

-increasefamily-basedforms of care for childrenand

youth without adequateparental care (foster care, family

homes and livingcommunities)


FINALREMARKS

thesocialwelfare systemiscurrentlyin the processof reform

andreorganisation withthe aimof improvingitssocial

protectionand socialservices

althoughdeinstitutionalisationis crucial,it isclearlya very

slowprocess


THANKYOUFORYOURATTENTION!

[email protected]

www.dijete.hr


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