Direct Quotes Quotes must be part of your sentence Signal phrase and a comma Colon following an independent clause Integrated into the natural structure of the sentence
Direct Quotes Introducing a Quote with a signal phrase and a comma: Ryan Smith, a Los Angeles Times reporter, suggests to his readers, “Lock everything every time you leave the house” (43).
Direct Quotes Signal phrase in the middle of the sentence: “As matters now stand,” asserts Duncan Turner, “the outcome will be rather grim” (259).
Direct Quotes Signal phrase at the end of the sentence: “What do you think of first when you hear the term mixed marriage?” asks Jose Burciaga, a distinguished publisher and writer (737).
Direct Quotes Introducing a Quote with a Colon: Protection of white privilege is critical to patterns of discrimination: “Whenever a number . . .” (Williams, 727).
Direct Quotes Introducing a Quote with a Colon: With the recent school shootings, many are concerned with gun laws: “Banning guns from schools seems the obvious way to keep children safe” (Lott, 473).
Direct Quotes Integrated quotes: Hermione Roddice is described in Lawrence’s Women in Love as a “woman of the new school, full of intellectuality and . . . nerve-worn with consciousness” (17).
Direct Quotes Integrated quotes: More specifically, Wharton’s imagery of suffusing brightness transforms Undine before her glass into “some fabled creature whose home was in a beam of light” (21).