What is an Animal? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What is an Animal? PowerPoint Presentation
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What is an Animal?

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What is an Animal?
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What is an Animal?

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  1. What is an Animal? A multicellular organism of the kingdom Animaliathat uses locomotion, metabolism, pronounced response to stimuli, and fixed bodily structure

  2. Characteristics of Animals • All animals have several characteristics in common. What are the four common characteristics of animals? • Eukaryotic • Multicellular • Heterotrophic • No cell wall

  3. What Do Animals Do to Survive? • Feed • Respire • Circulate • Excrete • Respond • Move • Reproduce

  4. Trends in Animal Evolution • Your survey of the animal kingdom will begin with simple forms and move through more complicated ones.

  5. Phylogenetic relationships: Trends in Animal Evolution

  6. Cell Specialization and Levels of Organization • Groups of specialized cells that work together form tissues. • Tissues join together to form organs. • Group of organs work together to form organ systems • EX: Circulatory system

  7. Cephalization • Concentration of sense organs and nerve cells at the front end or head of the body.

  8. Flatworm • Range in size from .2 inches to 50 feet!

  9. Animal Body Plans • What is symmetry? Arrangement of body parts on opposite sides of a plane or line Asymmetry Bilateral Symmetry Radial Symmetry

  10. What type of symmetry? • Radial

  11. What type of symmetry? • Bilateral

  12. What type of symmetry? • Asymmetrical

  13. What type of symmetry? • Radial

  14. Animal Body Plans • Acoelom • Without a body cavity

  15. Animal Body Plans • Pseudocoelom • Fluid-filled internal space that is in direct contact with the wall of the digestive tract.

  16. Animal Body Plans • Coelom • Fluid-filled body cavity completely lined by a layer of mesoderm cells and suspending internal organs

  17. Animal Body Plans

  18. How do these body plans develop?

  19. Early Development

  20. Development of Animal Body Plans • Cell Division • The zygote divides by mitosis and cell division to form two cells in a process called cleavage. • How important is this first cell division? • Problems can lead to defects in embryo Zygote

  21. Development of Animals: Gastrulation (a process of forming cell layers) • The zygote undergoes a series of divisions to form a blastula, which is a hollow ball of cells. Demo PhylumsPorifera and Cnidaria only have two layers

  22. Protostome vs. deuterostome Mouth is formed from the blastopore Anus is formed from the blastopore

  23. Formation of a Coelom (body cavity): Neurulation • Body cavity – a fluid-filled space that lies between the digestive tract and the body wall. Gastrula Embryo Development