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Legislating for Results: Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing Policy Representative Jerry A. Madden June 2009
Projected Prison Bed Shortfall at Beginning of Legislative Session in January 2007 Projected TDCJ Population and Capacity 2007-2012, January 2007 LBB Projection 17,332 Population Bed Shortfall 26% Parole Rate 13,758 11,464 8,658 6,195 Operational Capacity 3,015 Source: Legislative Budget Board, June 06 and January 07, Adult and Juvenile Correctional Population Projections
Prison Population Expansion Has Outpaced State Population Growth TDCJ Population, 1985-2008 691 155,746 152,894 TDCJ Population Incarceration Rateper 100,000 State Resident Population1980-2005: +61%TDCJ Population1985-2006: +310%Incarceration Rate1985-2006: +205% 22 37,281 Sources: CJPC tables 1985-1998; LBB tables, 1998 to 2009
Policies Are Main Driver of Prison Population Growth Low parole rates Shortage of probation and parole alternative sanctions and prison treatment programs Drug Addicts Mentally Ill Persons Unemployed Persons Poor service delivery systems for prevention and re-entry services and failing schools in high stakes neighborhoods
Program and Alternative Capacity Probation Programs Institutional Programs Parole & Re-entry Programs
Additional Attempt at Addressing Early Interventions with New Resources SB 156 by Shapiro and Madden $5.8 million in FY 09 and $8.9 million in FY 11 to intervene with 2,000 families in high risk neighborhoods
Challenge of Program Implementation in a Nutshell 1. Program protocols effectively identify “swingers” 2. Program protocols effectively mix “treatment” “control” and “incentives” Some Do OK “No Matter What” Some “Swingers”“It Matters What” Some NOT Do OK “No Matter What” May Do OK May Not Do OK 3. Program infrastructure and staff meets quality indicators 4. Community collaboration and partners reduce barriers to success
Prison Bed Projections January 2009 Projected TDCJ Population and Capacity 2009-2014, January 2009 LBB Projection Operational Capacity Population Prison Pop. as of June '09 Source: Legislative Budget Board, January 09, Adult and Juvenile Correctional Population Projections
Need Strategy to Promote Program Effectiveness Oversight to Identify Infrastructure Weaknesses Invest in Strengthening Program Development and Accountability Explosion of Program Resources Quickly Measure Early Effectiveness Indicators Hold Administrator Accountable for Best Practices and Long Term Program Effectiveness Indicators Target Funding Enhancements in Key Program Areas