John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). An Introduction to Mill’s form of Utilitarianism in comparison to Bentham’s. First a re-cap of Bentham…. Bentham’s theory can be divided into three parts: Hedonistic Utilitarianism The Principle of Utility The Utility or Hedonic Calculus. PLEASURE.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
An Introduction to Mill’s form of Utilitarianism in comparison to Bentham’s
Bentham’s theory can be divided into three parts:
All types of pleasure and pain can be measured on the same scale
Pleasures can be compared quantitatively because there is no difference between them
Bentham once said that “quantity of pleasure being equal, push-pin (a simple child’s game) is as good as poetry.”
What is good and bad for each person is a matter for each person to decide by following the hedonic (felicific) calculus
The Hedonic Calculus is:
“Everybody is to count for one, and nobody for more than one.”
“No one person’s pleasure is greater than another’s”
In keeping with the enlightenment thinking the Hedonic Calculus was a rational and scientific way to measure pleasure. Bentham claimed that goodness could be empirically (through experience) proven.
There are two main differences between pleasure and happiness
Pursued as an end in its own right
An indirect by-product of another activity
the writings of Aristotle
For Mill the difference in happiness over pleasure is significant; happiness having a higher qualitative edge over the quantity of lower bestial (base) pleasures
Utilitarianism Chapter 2
“It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied.”
Mill, 1863, Chapter 2