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Clean Air Campaign through Local Climate Actions. Air Quality Status. Comparative Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) 2002-2003 Ug/Ncm. Data Source: EMB,DENR - CAR. CO2 Emissions. CO2 Emissions. 1998. 1999. 2000. 2010. Residential. 40,539. 41,871. 45,055. 50,656. Commercial. 19,428.

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Clean Air Campaign through Local Climate Actions


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    1. Clean Air Campaign through Local Climate Actions

    2. Air Quality Status Comparative Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) 2002-2003 Ug/Ncm Data Source: EMB,DENR - CAR

    3. CO2 Emissions

    4. CO2 Emissions

    5. 1998 1999 2000 2010 Residential 40,539 41,871 45,055 50,656 Commercial 19,428 22,257 25,504 22,026 Industrial 9,498 9,224 9,008 12,492 Transportation 107,573 116,829 126,898 141,488 TOTAL COMMUNITY 177,038 190,181 206,464 226,662 1998 1999 2000 2010 Buildings 4,258 4,402 4,764 5,600 Transportation 692 807 928 975 Streetlighting 1,542 1,612 1,890 2,028 Water and Sewage 223 119 167 314 TOTAL CORPORATE 6,715 6,939 7,749 8,917 BAG Total 183,753 197,120 214,212 235,579 CO2 Emissions

    6. Forecasted Emissions

    7. Causes of Air Pollution in the City • Motorized Transport • Accounts for 62 percent of pollution in the city • Non-Motorized Transport • Industry • Solid Waste • Liquid Waste • Energy (electricity)

    8. Registered Motor Vehicles Data Source: DOTC-LTO Management Report for January-November 2002. motor vehicle population grows at a rate of 12.5% per year, the number of vehicles is doubling every 5.75 years

    9. Tourist Arrival Data Source: Actual arrivals based on DOTC-CAR records *Projections based on Baguio MTDP, 2001-2004 A study conducted by IVT-ETH Zurich estimates the total trip production during a Holy Week day at 214,759 trips per day.

    10. ENROLMENT LEVELS Data Source: Division Office - DECS There are a total of 206 Educational Institutions in all levels, majority of which are located in the Central Business District.

    11. CBD ROAD NETWORK: 7.1 KM • Theoretical capacity of the seven (7) major thoroughfares = 581 PUJ units at one time • Estimated # of PUJs converging to the CBD during peak hours = 2,500 PUJ units • Available carriageway = 7.1 kms • Desirable length = 30.6 kms. • RESULT: Traffic jam;Longer travel time, pollution

    12. Baguio City Environment Policy • The City Government of Baguio, mandated to sustain its city as an eco-cultural tourist destination and nature city, commits to sustainable • Growth and conservation and preservation of its natural resources • Prevention of air, land and water pollution, and • Compliance with relevant environmental regulations and requirements

    13. To provide the framework, the City Government of Baguio shall undertake the following: • Formulation, enactment and implementation of relevant environmental legislations and regulations • Encourage people’s active participation to attain sustainable development • Promotion and use of environment-friendly, appropriate and cost effective technologies • Incorporation of best environmental practices in the promotion of investment and development of livelihood projects; and • Enhancement of safe and healthy working environment • Mainstream Climate Protection in Local Governance

    14. Local Policies Adopted to Pursue Clean Air • Ordinance No. 337, series of 2001- The emission reduction target of the City is embodied under the Medium Term Development Plan (MTDP), 2001-2004 which pegged the reduction target of at least 10 percent based on emission forecast.

    15. Local Policies Adopted to Pursue Clean Air • Ordinance 7-84 Comprehensive Transportation and Traffic Code) • Adopted the 5 E’s in Traffic Management (Engineering, Education, Enactment, Enforcement and Environment) • Ordinance 051-2001 Comprehensive land Use Plan, approved by the HLRB, Dec. 17, 2003 • Resolution 202-93 Adopting the energy policy formulated by the ASEAN – EC Energy Management Training and Research Center as the energy policy of the City of Baguio

    16. Local Policies Adopted to Pursue Clean Air • Ordinance 24-89 No Smoking Ordinance • Ord. 55-88 Anti-Smoke Belching Ordinance • Res, 061-99 adopting the guidelines for a modern solid waste disposal system

    17. Programs/Projects Initiated on Clean Air • Number Coding Scheme • Materials Resource Recovery • Reforestation Program • Corporate Energy Conservation • Promotion of the Use of Alternative Fuels • Methane Capture • Green Buildings • Eco-procurement • Renewable Energy • Traffic and Transport Management

    18. Number Coding Scheme: A means to reduce traffic and GHG emissions • 20% reduction of vehicles plying the City roads • 20,229 tons of eCO2 or a reduction of 8.59 percent of the forecasted emissions • Fuel and Fiscal Savings • Gasoline Fed – 104 Ltrs. or $43.40 • Diesel Fed – 104 Ltrs. Or $33.80

    19. Number Coding Scheme: A means to reduce traffic and GHG emissions • Annual fuel savings of 8,007,792 and financial savings of $2,815,671 • Time Savings and Psychosocial Benefits • Reduced investments for government services • Lesser manpower requirements • Health services • Increased engine efficiency

    20. Materials Resource Recovery Green Charcoal Production • 1.8 Tons/Mo. Reduction of garbage or 0.72 ton of CO2 reduction • 1.8 tons production of Green charcoal equivalent to Php36,000/mo. Income Composting • 30 MT/day or 28.49 Tons of eCO2 reduction Paper Banking (13 % of Total Solid Waste) • 30.16 Tons or 28.64 tons of eCO2 reduction In Transit Waste Segregation • 2.38 MT/day or 2.6 Ton of eCO2 reduction

    21. Reforestation Planted 288,000 seedlings from 1999 to 2002 or 2304 Tons of eCO2 sequestered

    22. Corporate Energy Conservation A 10 percent reduction in consumption would mean a savings of 1.28 M for electricity and 1.04 Million for petroleum and petroleum based products. 1,608 Tons of eCO2 will be reduced.

    23. Promotion of the Use of Alternative Fuels“Green Fleets” Project • Pilot Testing of 10 to 15 Taxicabs that will use LPG. This is a tie-up between the City Government of Baguio, Shell Filipinas and ICLEI. • Tie-up with Petron on Clean Fuels and other products that will reduce emissions from vehicles • Lakbay Aral of officials of Jeepney Drivers and Operators Association to DOE, MMDA, Petron, Shell, etc. to showcase available alternative fuels. • Clean Air Campaign Forum for Drivers and Operators by the Baguio Regreening Movement

    24. Methane Capture • Bio-gas Production at the City Abattoir will result to a methane capture of 613.795 tons of CH4 will result to 12,889.695 ton of eCO2 • Solid Waste • Sewerage Treatment Plant

    25. Green Buildings/Green Template Design This is already embodied in the Land Use Plan of the City • Landscaping of Roof Tops to increase CO2 sequestration within the CBD • Integration of Energy Efficiency in Building Designs • Provision for Rainwater Capture

    26. Eco-Procurement • Procurement of Energy Efficient Equipments and Fixtures • Environment Friendly Technologies Renewable Energy • Upgrading of the City Owned Mini Hydro

    27. Traffic and Transport Management • Loop Concept for PUJ’s • Mass Transport (Electric Trolley Bus) • Tri-Media approach in IEC

    28. Implementation Strategies and Approaches: 1. Participatory 2. Integrated 3. Holistic 4. Application of Polluters Pay Principle

    29. NGOs Government Clean Air Campaign Community Business and Private Sector A Multi-Stakeholder Initiative

    30. Many Hands, Make Light Work Response to urban environmental degradation cannot come from the government alone. Effective and sustainable solution must be the result of active and responsible cooperation between private and public sectors. • A SOCIETAL RESPONSIBILITY

    31. Barriers and Conflicts • Changing the mindset of people • Political Climate – plays a pivotal role in decision-making and is largely dependent on political affiliations and agenda • Lack of economic incentives for the LGU for road side apprehension • Lax implementation of the law by concerned national offices

    32. Results – Developing Partnership • Technical Support from ICLEI • Acquired support in the Clean Air Campaign project. • Acquired commitment of the 5 locators in PEZA, Academe, JODA’s and NGO’s

    33. Impacts • Generated concerted effort among City Gov’t, business sector, civic groups in environment related activities. • Capacitation and Livelihood Development • less exposure of the people to health hazards of pollution • Improved air ambient quality

    34. Lessons Learned • Campaign contributed to the economic and social well being of the people • Need for active partners in promoting clean air • Comprehensive and relevant information is a key to better decision making at all levels of governance • Evolving Program Champions • Need for enhancing environmental management capabilities at the local level • Need for enhancing information exchange • Need for facilitating inter-LGU cooperation

    35. Environmental Conscience should be developed • EVERYONE IS A STAKEHOLDER