Water Reuse National Planning Javier Mateo-Sagasta (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Some FAO specific materials From international manuals, case studies, guidelines …to a national action plan
OUTLINE • Who are we? • Where are we? • Where do we want to be? • How will we get there? • Final outputs
Who are we? Who are we? Who has an interest on water reuse? What are our competences? What are our responsibilities? What are our roles?
Who are we? MoA Mo MoH MoE NGOs R&D UNIV. Farmers Consumers Cities
Responsibilities, competences and roles • Policy making • (Planning, laws, regulations, economic instruments…) • Monitor and control • Education and social awareness • Extension and training • Research and development • Etc
Responsibilities, competences and roles Food safety Public Health protection Environmental protection Consumers protection Municipal sanitation Integrated Water Management Agriculture and food production Urban planning
Where are we? What are our capacities? Existing Policies Previous efforts Current wastewater irrigation practices
Where are we? Where wastewater is produced and used?
Where are we? National survey on wastewater irrigation Collection Production Treatment Use
Where are we? What have been the previous efforts to achieved a safe use of wastewater in agriculture , if any What have been the main barriers we faced (technical, institutional, economic…) Collective understanding of the underlying issues and problems
Where do we want to be? Minimize environmental risks Minimize Health Risks Maximize crop productivity and livelihoods
Country priorities per level of economic development Source: World Bank 2010
Where to start? Example of criteria to select priority areas High hazards + High exposure = High risk
Where to start? Priority areas
Local projects and action plans How we will get there?
How will we get there? Example: Health based target:pathogen reduction along the sanitation and reuse chain of 6 log Multiple Barriers:combining with treatment and non-treatment options
How will we get there? Economic appraisal What is the most cost effective combination of barriers? Is there capacity to pay and willingness to pay? What are the financial instruments: who pays and how?
Some final outputs Stakeholder analysis (competencies, roles and responsibilities) Diagnosis(current wastewater irrigation practices, current legal framework, capacity needs assessment…) Prioritiesand priority areas for intervention List of projects (multiple barriers) to be implemented, with the expected costs end effectiveness (e.g .pathogen reduction)