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Chapter 10 PowerPoint Presentation

Chapter 10

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Chapter 10

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  1. Chapter 10 The Marketing Plan Devising a Marketing Plan 10.1 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 10.2

  2. 10.1 • Identify the role of marketing objectives in developing a marketing plan. • Name the five marketing strategies that make up the marketing mix. • Describe the part marketing tactics play in the marketing plan. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  3. 10.1 To succeed and grow, a business must have a marketing plan with realistic objectives, the proper mix of the five Ps, and an action plan for implementation. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  4. 10.1 marketing plan marketing objectives marketing mix brand package label product positioning product mix channel of distribution intermediaries intensive distribution selective distribution exclusive distribution marketing tactics Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  5. Forming Marketing Objectives Marketing is the process of developing, promoting, and distributing products to satisfy customers and businesses. The success of a business is determined in the marketplace. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  6. Forming Marketing Objectives A convincing marketing plan includes a rationale for your selection of marketing strategies and tactics. marketing plan a plan used by a business to guide its marketing process to a desired conclusion based on information obtained through market research and target market decisions Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  7. The Marketing Plan A successful marketing plan contains specific marketing objectives. marketing objectives what a business wants to accomplish through its marketing efforts Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  8. The Marketing Plan product introduction or innovation sales or market share team organization Marketing Objectives projected profitability advertising pricing distribution Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan 9

  9. Developing the Marketing Mix Developing a marketing mix enables an entrepreneur to map out how to accomplish marketing initiatives. marketing mix the five marketing strategies used to reach a market: product, place, price, promotion, and people Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  10. Developing the Marketing Mix The Five Ps of Marketing P Product P Place P Price P Promotion P People Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan 11

  11. The Product Strategy The product strategy deals with the goods or services your business will provide. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  12. The Product Strategy Product considerations include: • features and benefits • branding, packaging, and labeling • selection • positioning • mix Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  13. The Product Strategy A product’s brand, package, and label serve as strategies for maintaining customer loyalty. brand the name, symbol, or design used to identify a product package the physical container or wrapper used to present information label the part of the package used to present information about the product Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  14. The Product Strategy Branding, packaging, and labeling can have a bearing on product positioning. product positioning how consumers see a product in comparison to another product Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  15. The Product Strategy The final consideration in your product strategy is determining your company’s product mix. product mix all the products a company makes or sells Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  16. The Place Strategy The place strategy deals with how you will deliver your goods and services to customers. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  17. The Place Strategy Place strategy considerations include: • channels of distribution • intensity of distribution • transportation • location, layout, and availability Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  18. The Place Strategy To formulate a place strategy, the entrepreneur needs to understand the channel of distribution. channel of distribution the path a product takes from producer or manufacturer to final user or consumer Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  19. The Place Strategy There are two basic types of channels of distribution in the place strategy—direct and indirect. A direct channel moves a product from producer to customer with no other businesses involved. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  20. The Place Strategy An indirect channel of distribution employs intermediaries. intermediaries people or businesses that move products between producers and final users, including wholesalers, retailers, distributors, and agents Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  21. Producer Consumer Producer Intermediary Consumer The Place Strategy Channels of Distribution Direct Indirect Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan 22

  22. The Place Strategy There are three ways to distribute a product: intensive distribution placement of a product in all suitable sales outlets selective distribution placement of a product where its number of sales outlets are limited in an area • intensive distribution • selective distribution • exclusive distribution exclusive distribution placement of a product where its number of sales outlets are limited to one per area Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  23. The People Strategy The people strategy involves assembling, preparing, and maintaining the people who will help the business achieve success. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  24. The Price and Promotion Strategies The price strategy is a financial decision and a marketing strategy that affects the customer’s motivation to buy. The promotion strategy is designed to tell potential customers about a business’s products and their characteristics, benefits, and availability. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  25. Marketing Tactics To apply marketing strategies, entrepreneurs employ marketing tactics. marketing tactics activities that are taken to carry out a marketing plan Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  26. 10.1 • Identify the role of marketing objectives in developing a marketing plan. Marketing objectives state what a business wants to accomplish through its marketing efforts. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  27. 10.1 • Name the five marketing strategies that make up the marketing mix. product, place, people, price, and promotion. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  28. 10.1 • Describe the part marketing tactics play in the marketing plan. Marketing tactics are the activities used to put the marketing mix and the marketing plan into action. Section 10.1 Devising a Marketing Plan

  29. 10.2 • State the importance of ongoing market research. • List the factors to consider for each strategy when reviewing the marketing mix. • Describe how to update the marketing mix and marketing plan. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  30. 10.2 The target markets, customer demands, and competition of a business change over time. For a business to succeed, you must make timely adjustments to your marketing plan. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  31. 10.2 private brand guarantee diversification Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  32. The Importance of Ongoing Market Research In business, change is constant. In order to stay up-to-date with changes as they occur: • Gather primary data from customers. • Gather secondary data from business records. • Collect information that affects your operation. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  33. Reviewing Your Marketing Plan and Mix There are many benefits to ongoing market research. The research provides information you need to make adjustments to your marketing plan and allows you to revise and rework your marketing mix strategies. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  34. Possible Changes to the Product Strategy adding products eliminating products revising guarantees and service policies Product Strategy Changes changing products changing brands, packaging, or labels identifying new uses for products Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 35

  35. Possible Changes to the Product Strategy You may want to consolidate products you manufacture under different brands under a single brand. private branda brand that is owned and initiated by a wholesaler or retailer You may also choose to sell your own private brand. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  36. Possible Changes to the Product Strategy To build customer confidence and increase sales, a business can offer a service policy or a guarantee. guaranteean assurance of the quality of a product Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  37. Possible Changes to the Place Strategy improving location rearranging layout Place Strategy Changes changing channels of distribution increasing availability Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 38

  38. Possible Changes to the People Strategy number of people system rewards employee qualifications People Strategy Changes human resource responsibilities team-building responsibilities Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 39

  39. Possible Changes to the Price and Promotion Strategies pricing for profit Price andPromotion Strategy Changes reacting to market prices revising terms of sale Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 40

  40. Revising Your Marketing Plan and Mix Reviewing and revising your marketing plan and mix regularly will help you identify and make necessary strategy changes. Such a review sets the stage for longer-term market planning, such as expansion, revision, or diversification. diversificationthe process of investing in products or businesses with which an existing business is not currently involved Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  41. 10.2 • State the importance of ongoing market research. Ongoing market research provides information that enables a business owner to make decisions that ensure the profitability of the business. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  42. 10.2 • List the factors to consider for each strategy when reviewing the marketing mix. For product strategy: goods and services to offer, differentiation from competitors’ products, and clear product identification. For place strategy: changes in location, layout, availability, and channels of distribution. For people strategy: shifts in demand, changes in the nature of the business, or growth. For price strategy: pricing for profit, reacting to market prices, and revising terms of sale. For promotion strategy: making the most of advertising dollars, stimulating sales, and planning for the long term. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  43. 10.2 • Describe how to update the marketing mix and marketing plan. Updating the marketing mix involves reviewing individual strategies for recent adjustments and needed changes. Changes and proposed changes are then reviewed for consistency with marketing objectives (and budget considerations). Based on these reviews, adjustments are made to ensure that all strategies are coordinated to accomplish the marketing objectives. Finally, the revised mix is incorporated into the marketing plan and supporting elements of the plan are modified accordingly. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan

  44. E-Commerce Development Options Once you decide to start an e-commerce business, you will need to plan how your site will be developed. You may use a Web-development service, such as a Web designer or Web developer; a hosted service that offers turnkey sites; a software package; or templates. Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 45

  45. Tech Terms template a file that establishes the format and appearance of a Web page turnkey a preprogrammed and ready-to-operate hosted e-commerce site Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 46

  46. Tech Terms Web designer a person who plans the aesthetic and navigational aspects of a Web site Web developer a person who programs a Web site from a technical standpoint Section 10.2 Reviewing and Revising the Marketing Plan 47

  47. End of