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Bacterial Meningitis. By: Lauren Powell. What is Bacterial Meningitis?. Inflammation of the meninges ihttp ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meningitis. (http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/about/causes.html). What bacteria(s) cause it?. http :// www.cdc.gov/meningitis/about/causes.html.

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Bacterial Meningitis


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bacterial meningitis

Bacterial Meningitis

By: Lauren Powell

what is bacterial meningitis
What is Bacterial Meningitis?
  • Inflammation of the meninges

ihttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meningitis

neisseria meningitidis
Neisseriameningitidis
  • Anti-phagocyticpolysaccharide capsule
  • Surface proteins

http://www.textbookofbacteriology.net/neisseria.html

how n m eningitidis enters the meninges
How N. meningitidisenters the meninges

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2830671/?tool=pubmed

is bacterial meningitis contagious
Is bacterial meningitis contagious?
  • Spread by respiratory or throat secretions

Http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/about/faq.html

Image: www.ewu.edu/x52254.xml

people at high risk
People at High Risk
  • Children under 5
  • Living in close contact
  • Immunocompromised
  • Severe head trauma or chronicinfection

https://www1.qiagen.com/GeneGlobe/PathwayView.aspx?pathwayID=50

http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/about/risk-factors.html

Image:www.kuyper.edu/StudentLife/housing.aspx

symptoms
Symptoms
  • Fever, headache, stiff neck
  • Infants: inactivity, vomiting, irritability, poor feeding

http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/about/faq.html

Image: http://www.abpischools.org.uk/res/coResourceImport/resources04/diseases/images/meningitis.jpg

how to diagnose
How to Diagnose?
  • Grow bacteria from cerebrospinal fluid
    • spinal tap

http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/about/faq.html

Image: http://adventures.worldnomads.com/uploadimages/spinaltap-banner.jpg

treatment
Treatment
  • Antibiotics
    • Cephalosporins, Penicillin-type antibiotics, & Aminoglycoside drugs
  • Corticosteroids
  • Prophylaxis
    • Rifampin, Cipro, & Rocephin

http://www.everydayhealth.com/meningitis/using-antibiotics-to-treat-meningitis.aspx

http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/lung/meningitis.html#

Imagedic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ruwiki/1030251

resistance
Resistance
  • THREAT!
  • Certain strains resistant to penicillin

http://www.everydayhealth.com/meningitis/using-antibiotics-to-treat-meningitis.aspx

Image: http://itech.dickinson.edu/chemistry/?cat=65

complications
Complications
  • Hearing loss, learning disability, paralysis
  • Severe cases: brain damage, coma, or death

http://www.dhpe.org/infect/Bacmeningitis.html

image: wwwsodahead.com/.../question-781593/

prevention
Prevention
  • Routine Immunization
  • Good hygiene

http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/lung/meningitis.html#

Image: http://www.tulsa-health.org/media/images/Bacterial%20Men%20Table.gif

developed vs developing countries
Developed vs. Developing Countries
  • Developed
    • 3 per 100,000 annually
  • Developing
    • Epidemics
    • Sub-Saharan Africa: 500 per 100,000 annually

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meningitis

slide15

♦ "Meningitis belt"

♦ epidemic zones

♦ sporadic cases

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meningitis

public health response who
Public Health Response (WHO)
  • Epidemic Preparedness
  • Epidemic Response

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs141/en/

Image:www.msf.org.uk/meningitis.focus

bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://www.faqs.org/health/topics/59/Antibiotics.html
  • http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1370/is_n7_v25/ai_11348636/
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemophilus_influenzae
  • http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/global.html
  • http://www.ct.gov/dph/cwp/view.asp?a=3136&q=388352
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0903696.html