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Bacterial Meningitis

Bacterial Meningitis

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Bacterial Meningitis

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  1. Bacterial Meningitis By: Sam Harris and Karthik Kartha

  2. What is Bacterial Meningitis? • It is a Bacterial infection. • Inflammation of the meninges. • Caused by: • NeisseriaMeningitidis • HaemophilusInfluenzae • Streptococcus Pneumoniae

  3. History of Bacterial Meningites • First discovered in 1805 in Switzerland • 4,100 people died between 1854-1861 in Sweden • NeisseriaMeningitidis was discovered in 1887 • First antibiotics used against it in the 1930s • Caused death rate to drop • Penicillian first used in the 1940s against it

  4. How Do You Know You Have It? • Fever • Nausea • Vomiting • Sleepiness • Headache • Back pain • Muscle aches • Confusion

  5. Who is Most Susceptible? • People of all ages are vulnerable • Most adult victims recover quickly • Children are more at risk • People with immune system conditions are at greater risk • People undergoing chemotherapy contract it very easily • Also infects people with sickle cell, lack of a spleen, or lack infection fighting proteins

  6. How is It Spread? • Spread through exchange of respiratory or throat secretions • Not usually spread through casual contact • Microbes pass thru bloodstream and are carried to the brain

  7. Current Research • Main research organization: Meningitis Research Foundation • Established in UK • Value of vital research is 16.5 million £ • New vaccine developed in Chile • Protects from four strands of Bacterial Meningitis

  8. Recent Event • Bacterial Meningitis breakout on October 19, 2012 • Originated form a drug called Exserohilum • Found in Massachusetts • Killed 21 people • Spread from 45 infected patients to 271 in one day • Caused peripheral joint infection in majority of patients

  9. Works Cited • "Bacterial Meningitis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Mar. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. • Staff, CNN Wire. "FDA: Vials Contain Fungus Linked to Meningitis Outbreak." CNN. Cable News Network, 18 Oct. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. • "Research." Research. Ed. Meningitis Research Foundation. Meningitis Research Foundation, 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. • Routh, Kristina. Meningitis. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2004. Print. • Harris, Anthony D. "Meningitis." World Book. 2012 ed. N.d. Print.