Mid-Term reviewr.1-r.6 201 INTRO TO LITERATURE Prof. Everson
The girl burst out laughing; she knew she was nobody's meat. She laughed at him full in the face, she ripped off his shirt for him and flung it into the fire, in the fiery wake of her own discarded clothing. Title? “The Company of Wolves” Author? Angela Carter Modern fairy tale / gothic Type of story? Climax, or Falling action Part of plot? Conflict? Character vs. character young female vs. predatory male Resolution? She seduces the wolf/man.
“What’s the big hurry?” he asked. “It’s too hot to work so hard. And besides, there’s plenty of grain right here. Come and chat with me." Title? “The Ant & the Grasshopper” Author? Aesop Type of story? Traditional fable Rising action Part of plot? Conflict? character vs. character > contrast hardworking planner vs. lazy pleasure seeker Resolution? Ant has food, grasshopper goes hungry
“The lights in the city are multiplying and now it seems they are coming toward us!” said the sentinel to the General. Title? “Eleven Thousand Virgins” Author? Cayetano Coll y Toste Legend Genre? Rising action or Climax Part of plot? Setting? San Juan Puerto Rico, 1797 Historical figures? Gen. Abercromby, Bishop Trespalacios, Gov. de Castro Historical facts? English invasion of PR in 1797, la rogativaprocession in honor of Sta. Ursula & the Eleven Virgins English abandon the island & retreat to ships Resolution?
Once there was a little village girl, the prettiest that had ever been seen. Her mother doted on her. Her grandmother was even fonder, and made her a little red hood, which became her so well that everywhere she went by the name of Little Red Riding Hood. Title? “Little Red Riding Hood” Author? Charles Perrault Type of story? Traditional fairy tale Exposition Part of plot? Conflict? Character vs. character Innocent girl vs. wily wolf Resolution? Wolf eats girl
Alida was grief stricken and prayed to her god for help. “Do not let me marry this man whom I do not love!” The god took pity on her and changed her into a beautiful red flower. Title? “The Hummingbird” Author? unknown Genre? myth Rising action Part of plot? To explain how hummingbirds came into existence and why they hum and jump from flower to flower Purpose? Resolution? hummingbird is Taroo always looking for Alida the flower
Once an a-- and a g-- crossed paths after being out of touch for years. They hadn’t seen each other since graduating from university together. When they met again, the a-- was headed for an important meeting at its business headquarters, while … Title? “The Ant & the Grasshopper” Author? Geoffrey Grosshans Type of story? Modern fable Part of plot? Exposition character vs. character >contrast worker ant vs. rich easy-going grasshopper Conflict? Resolution? Both die: ant working, grasshopper having fun
Genres: Fairytale (traditional) Setting Time period: general past time Characters: Archetypal (flat, static) representing one human quality, often fantastical creatures and/or magical events occur Fable (traditional) Setting: Time period/setting: Timeless, natural setting Characters: Often animals with human qualities, flat and static characters representing one quality
Genres: Setting Time period: timeless, general past time Characters: Archetypal (flat), often gods appear or fantastical creatures Myth Setting: Specific historical time period (year, era) Characters: Includes real historical figures, and sometimes fictional ones Legend
Rhetorical analysis: Rhetorical analysis means understanding the ________, _________, and _________. Questions to ask and answer about the: author text audience Author Who is she or he? Why is she or he writing this? What else has she or he written? What kind or type of story is this? When was it written? When was it published? Has the text been changed? How? Text Audience Who is the target audience? What do they know about the author & text? What do readers expect from the writer or text?
definitions Review all the definitions of literary concepts and elements presented in Lectures 1-4. For example:
Character analysis static round flat dynamic foil A ________ character expresses one or two qualities and is easily summarized. A ________ character is complex and displays internal conflicts found in real people. A ________ character does not change in the story and the reader doesn’t learn more about her or him. A ________ character undergoes a substantial change during the story. A _______ character contrasts with the protagonist to make him or her appear better or more heroic. flat round static dynamic foil
tight / climax / in medias res / rising action / flashforward / exposition / loose / • relationship / flashback / resolution • Narrative is what happens, while plot is the ___ between events. • A traditional story usually has a __ plot told in chronological order. • Some plots are ____ and leave gaps so that the reader has to figure out the connection between events. • A story that begins in the middle of an action is narrated _. • Narration of events that happened earlier in time of the main action is a ___. • Narration of events that happen in the future, is a _____. • In the __ of the story, the main characters and setting are introduced. • The __ of a story is the point of highest action or the final conflict or crisis. • The __ of a story is where the conflict is developed through crises. • In the ___ of a story the consequences of the action or the final outcome is revealed.
tight climax in medias res rising action flashforward exposition loose relationship flashback resolution • Narrative is what happens, while plot is the ________________ between events. • A traditional story usually has a _________ plot told in chronological order. • Some plots are _______ and leave gaps so that the reader has to figure out the connection between events. • A story that begins in the middle of an action is narrated _____________. • Narration of events that happened earlier in time of the main action is a __________. relationship tight loose in medias res flashback
tight climax in medias res rising action flashforward exposition connection loose flashback resolution 6. Narration of events that happen in the future, is a ___________________. 7. In the ______________ of the story, the main characters and setting are introduced. 8. The ________ of a story is the point of highest action or the final conflict or crisis. 9.The _____________ of a story is where the conflict is developed through crises. 10. In the ___________ of a story the consequences of the action or the final outcome is revealed. flashforward exposition climax rising action resolution
Literary elements - definitions --main character Protagonist --villain or foe Antagonist --contrasts with other (usually main) character Foil character Foreshadowing --prepares reader for what comes later --main struggle in story or novel Conflict --exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution Plot structure Point of view --vantage point or narrative voice Omniscient narrator --knows all characters thoughts Limited omniscient narrator --knows some characters First person narrator --knows one character, main Mixed narrator --changes during a story
Literary elements - definitions imagery --collection of images to evoke mood, tone --a set of repeated imagery (ex.: birds) motif symbol --a singular image that stands for something else allegory --an extended metaphor tone --the author’s attitude toward the subject irony --meaning is opposite of what is expected Verbal irony --what is said is opposite of what is meant Situational irony --actions have opposite effect Dramatic irony --audience knows something the characters don’t so the actions or words have opposite meaning
Rhetorical analysis: Be able to discuss one example: “Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop Information about: Author: Aesop Text: story / fables Audience: target audience – 6th c. BCE “Ant & Grasshopper” Grosshans Information about: Author: Geoffrey Grosshans Text: story /modern fables Audience: target readers: contemporary internet readers “Little Red Riding Hood” Charles Perrault Information about: Author: Charles Perrault Text: story/fairytale Audience: target readers: 16th century France – nobility (rich) “The Company of Wolves” Angela Carter Information about: Author: Angela Carter Text: story /modern fairytale Audience: target readers: 1970s-1980s England/US women
Character analysis: Discuss one example of: “Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop – ant and grasshopper Flat characters? “Little Red Riding Hood” Perrault – Little Red Riding Hood and wolf “The Hummingbird” Unknown – Alida, Taroo Round characters? “Ant & Grasshopper” by Geoffrey Grosshans – ant and grasshopper “The Company of Wolves” by Angela Carter – young woman and wolf-man “Eleven Thousand Virgins” by CayetanoColl y Toste – Adm. Abercromby and Bishop Trespalacios
plot analysis: Examples of: “Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop grasshopper comes to ant for food “Little Red Riding Hood” Perrault wolf eats little Red Riding Hood Climax? “Ant & Grasshopper” Grosshans ant & grasshopper die the highest point of action, final struggle. “The Company of Wolves” Carter young woman seduces wolf-man “The Hummingbird” Unknown Alida turned into a flower / or Taroo turned into a hummingbird “Eleven Thousand Virgins” by CayetanoColl y Toste – Adm. Abercromby abandons the island
Personal response Which story did you like the most? Why? “Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop Traditional fable “Little Red Riding Hood” Charles Perrault Traditional fairy tale “Ant & Grasshopper” Geoffrey Grosshans Modern fable “The Company of Wolves” Angela Carter Modern fairy tale / gothic “The Hummingbird” Unknown Myth / origin myth “Eleven Thousand Virgins” by CayetanoColl y Toste legend