Legislation Presentation • This is to present 4 different types of legislation and how people prevent injuries and how death and harm can be prevented.
Control of substances hazardous to health (2002) • COSHH is used within the working environment to stop people from being exposed to ill health and to becoming ill themselves. • Risk assessment within the work place is used so that people can take safe steps to prevent ill health. • This is to be done by the employers before the employees carry out a task so that they can prevent anybody from becoming ill or being hurt. • Control Measures • To eliminate the harmful substances and to use a safer one. • Change the process so that they eliminate or lessen the harmful substances to extinction. • Enclose the process so the product does not escape. • Extract emissions near the source. • Have as few workers in harms way. • Provide PPE so as little damage is caused to the personnel as possible. • Hazard Checklist • Does product produce any dangerous substances? • Does any product have any warning label? • Is substance harmful to breathe in? • Can substance harm your skin?
• Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) This act is to cover people such as employers and employees while they are within the working environment. While the act is enforced the employers and the employees have responsibilities just to keep both safe within work. Employers responsibilities are to cooperate with the employer to keep the equipment up to standard and so that all safety precautions are taken. They also have to be responsible with the equipment and not to break or use irresponsibly within work to cause any form of danger to any other staff.They also have to ensure all the Health and Safety standards are maintained as set by the employer. The employer must have the suitable equipment for the employees to use. They must also carry out regular checks to see if the health and safety rules are being kept and maintained. They must also ensure that safe use, storage and handling of goods is kept. They must make sure that the employees have the correct training so they can do their jobs safely and efficiently.
RIDDOR (1995) • Report of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations Reporting accidents within the work place that cause ill health. The work environment must keep records of injuries such as: Fractures of bones other than fingers and toes, Amputation and Dislocations of the (shoulder, Hip, Knee or spine.) Diseases can also be reported such as: Certain poisoning, Various skin diseases (skin cancer, dermatitis, acne and chrome ulcer.) and lung diseases including: (Farmers lung, Occupational asthma and asbestosis.) If a member of staff has been injured or ill for three or more days because of work it needs to be reported. When a incident occurs you must fill out a accident report form which needs the details of: Name, Address, Status, Date and time of accident, Place of accident and details of accident ETC.
Personal Protective Equipment (2002) • The personal protective equipment should be used as a last resort to health and safety. Some pieces of PPE are needed and required by other pieces of legislation such as the motorcycle helmets are to be worn by everybody riding a motorcycle because it is a legal requirement on the road and is under the road traffic legislation. • The employment act 1989 allows turban wearing Sikhs on construction sites to not have to wear head protection. • Different types of PPE that could help protect people from dangerous hazards. • To cover the eyes you could use: (Safety spectacles, goggles, face shields and visors) which could prevent from chemical or metal splash, dust and projectiles. • To cover the head you could use (Helmets, Hard hats and Bump caps) which would protect from falling or flying objects, risk of head bumping. • To help stop the personnel from chocking you could use different types of respirators, air fed helmets and different breathing apparatus from dust, vapour, gas, oxygen-deficient atmospheres. • Using overalls and boiler suits you can protect the body from extreme temperatures, adverse weather, chemical or metal splash, impact or penetration and contaminated dust. • You can cover your hands and arms with gloves, gauntlets, mitts and wrist-cuffs these will protect from extreme temperatures, cuts and punctures, impact and chemicals. • You can also cover the feet with safety boots, and steel toe capped shoes which would prevent from the wet, slipping, cuts and punctures.