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Broadband for Development: Opportunities and Challenges for Georgia. Siddhartha Raja ICT Policy Specialist The World Bank sraja2@worldbank.org. Overview. Global trends and opportunities ( Re)thinking broadband Last miles… the unfinished broadband access agenda

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broadband for development opportunities and challenges for georgia

Broadband for Development: Opportunities and Challenges for Georgia

Siddhartha Raja

ICT Policy Specialist

The World Bank

sraja2@worldbank.org

overview
Overview
  • Global trends and opportunities
  • (Re)thinking broadband
    • Last miles… the unfinished broadband access agenda
    • And first steps… broadband to support and enable innovation, jobs, trade
  • Some ideas
social media and networks are growing
Social media and networks are growing

Facebook: 250 billion photos, 1.47 million books shared

YouTube: 6 billion hours of video watched per month, 100 hours of video uploaded per minute

cloud computing is becoming a global phenomenon
Cloud computing is becoming a global phenomenon

Maturity in <5 years; market of >$130B in 2014

Source: Gartner Consulting, 2013

ict enabled innovations will have huge impact
ICT-enabled innovations will have huge impact

A snapshot of recent research by the McKinsey Global Institute

ICT & ICT-enabled innovations will contribute >$17T annually in 2025

Big data will enable innovation in social and economic activities

ICT-enabled innovations will create value in manufacturing

ict enabled employment creates new opportunities
ICT-enabled employment creates new opportunities
  • ICTs allows people to find and do work online.
  • This is for ICT and non-ICT work, and low and high skill levels.
  • It can be for Internet or mobile users.
  • Globally over 12 million people are working online, many more are finding (formal and non-formal) work online

Online work platform oDesk has a range of work opportunities for anyone online and with a relevant skill

Working online is an opportunity for millions of people around the world

Elance.com

Size of the bubble indicates number of job opportunities online on oDesk

Comparing hourly wages: Online (on Elance) versus national averages

World Bank analysis

Online work can connect people to relatively higher income earning opportunities

clustering in access by geography
Clustering in access by geography

Fixed broadband Internet (% pop)

Mobile broadband Internet (% pop)

Source: World Bank data, 2012 and GSMA Wireless Intelligence, 2013

clustering in access by income levels
Clustering in access by income levels

Internet use by country income group

Mobile generations and income levels (%pop)

Source: World Bank data, 2012 and GSMA Wireless Intelligence, 2013

georgia will need to position itself for the future
Georgia will need to position itself for the future

Fixed and mobile broadband penetration (% population, 2013)

Increases will drive economic growth: +10% BB = +1.3% GDP growth

TeleGeography, 2013

International connectivity (bps per capita, 2012)

Improvements are needed to support increased data usage, trade in services, or even regional integration

TeleGeography, 2013

broadband is an ecosystem
Broadband is an ecosystem
  • An ecosystem and a virtuous circle:
    • Networks, services, applications, users
    • Supply side and demand side need to work together
we need to boost supply
We need to boost supply…
  • Not enough to have access; also need to have quality access, at the right cost
    • Cloud
    • ‘Always on’ multimedia lifestyles
    • Online employment and e-/m-Government services

Internet traffic and bandwidth

Mobile data traffic growth

and facilitate demand
… and facilitate demand
  • Need to consider:
    • Availability
    • Affordability
    • Attractiveness: will people ‘need’ it, use it? Is it relevant to users
  • Experience of broadband leaders suggests smart demand facilitation measures (e.g. ROK, Sweden, Finland)

North American 3G subscriptions

Source: GSMA Wireless Intelligence, 2013

last miles and first steps
Last miles… and first steps

Last miles

First steps

How can we make broadband a tool that will help people and businesses access knowledge, jobs, trade opportunities, and become innovative?

Making broadband relevant to the lives of people in the developing (and developed) world

Employment

Services

  • How could governments and private firms work together to maximize reach while minimizing cost?
  • Identifying policies and programs that will foster competition, promote investment, and reduce burdens while encouraging innovation

Cost components of a fiber optic network

Corning & FTTH Council, 2008

a menu of policies
A menu of policies
  • Promote competition
    • Backbone and access—open access, sharing, fair tariffs
  • Spectrum
    • Liberalize spectrum use
    • Define fair pricing and renewal processes
    • Share spectrum
    • Open up new bands (e.g. with the digital dividend)
  • Infrastructure synergies
      • Coordinating policies and agencies
      • Map and open up available infrastructures for alternative use
      • Create a coordinating framework
  • Innovate simple no-cost measures
    • e.g. ‘cyber certification’ of buildings
programs
Programs
  • Integration!
    • With the innovation ecosystem
      • Widespread access to quality/affordable Internet is a sine qua non for trade and innovation
    • With public service delivery (government as anchor tenant)
    • With what people care about (education, health, business, agriculture)
  • Raise awareness and skills
    • The myth of the “digital native”
  • Promote the use of green and renewable power
  • Set up competitively-neutral, efficient, and transparent universal service programs
    • Objective should be to close specific financing gaps, promote private investment
    • Think innovatively!! Don’t repeat history
      • OBA/reverse auctions
      • Bottom-up programs (e.g. Peru)
      • Virtual USF
      • Pay or play / mix & match coverage obligations
      • Broadband challenges: New Zealand
broadband for development opportunities and challenges for georgia1

Broadband for Development: Opportunities and Challenges for Georgia

Siddhartha Raja

ICT Policy Specialist

The World Bank

sraja2@worldbank.org