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Assessment. COURSE ED 1203: INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING COURSE INSTRUCTOR SAID A.S.YUNUS. What is Assessment?. The word ‘assess’ comes from the Latin verb ‘ assidere ’ meaning ‘to sit with’.

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assessment

Assessment

COURSE

ED 1203: INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

COURSE INSTRUCTOR

SAID A.S.YUNUS

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

what is assessment
What is Assessment?

The word ‘assess’ comes from the Latin verb ‘assidere’ meaning ‘to sit with’.

In assessment one is supposed to sit with the learner. This implies it is something we do ‘with’ and ‘for’ students and not ‘to’ students (Green, 1999).

Assessment in education is the process of gathering, interpreting, recording, and using information about pupils’ responses to an educational task. (Harlen, Gipps, Broadfoot, Nuttal,1992)

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

what is evaluation
Evaluation is the process of analyzing, reflecting upon, and summarizing assessment information and making judgments and/or decisions based on the information collected about student achievement in relation to outcomes.What is Evaluation?

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

assessment vs evaluation
Assessment vs. Evaluation
  • "Evaluation usually occurs when students finish a task, whereas assessment goes beyond evaluation to include gathering information about student performance as they work as well as when they are finished. Assessment is also usually done with the student, while evaluation is done to the students' work."

Source: AASL & AECT. (1998). Information Power, Building Partnerships for Learning. Chicago and London: American Library Association, page 173.

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

assessment shifts
Assessment Shifts
  • Assessment of
    • At the end of learning, summative, performance in reference to a standard
  • Assessment for
    • During learning, used to inform instruction and learning, student is a partner in the assessment process
  • Assessment as
    • is about reflecting, discussing together before, during and after teaching and learning.

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

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Assessment

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

the assessment instruction process
The Assessment-Instruction Process

Pre – Assessment “finding out”

Summative Assessment “making sure”

Formative Assessment

“checking in” “feedback” “student involvement”

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

pre assessment strategies
Pre-Assessment Strategies
  • Student Products
  • Student Work Samples
  • Show of hands/EPR (Every Pupil Response)
  • Standardized Test Data
  • Teacher Observation
  • Writing Prompts
  • Writing Samples
  • Checklist
  • Pre-test
  • KWL Charts
  • Graphic Organizers
  • Pre-test
  • Student Discussions
  • Student Demonstrations

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

formative assessments
Formative Assessments:

Assessments FOR learning happens while learning is still underway.

These are assessments that:

  • are conducted throughout teaching and learning to diagnose student needs
  • plan the next steps in instruction
  • provide students with feedback they can use to improve the quality of their work
  • help students see and feel how they are in control of their journey to success

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

definition
Definition:
  • Formative assessment delivers information during the instructional process, beforethe summative assessment. Both the teacher and the student use formative assessment results to make decisions about what actions to take to promote further learning. It is an ongoing, dynamic process that involves far more than frequent testing, and measurement of student learning is just one of its components.
  • Almost any assessment instrument can be used for summative or formative purposes, but some, by design, are better suited to summative use and others to formative use.

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

formative assessment strategies
Formative Assessment Strategies:
  • Conference
  • Cooperative Learning Activities
  • Demonstrations
  • Exit Card
  • Graphic Organizers
  • “I Learned” Statements
  • Interviews
  • Journal Entry
  • KWLs
  • Learning Logs
  • Oral Attitude Surveys
  • Oral Presentations
  • Peer Evaluations
  • Problem Solving Activities
  • Products
  • Questioning
  • Quiz
  • Response Groups
  • Self-Evaluations

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

effective formative assessments provide the following
Effective Formative Assessments Provide the Following:
  • Provide a clear and understandable vision of the learning target
  • Use examples and models of strong and weak work

3. Offer regular descriptive feedback.

  • Teach students to self-assess and set goals.

5. Engage students in self-reflection, and let them keep track of and share their learning.

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

summative assessment
Summative Assessment

A summative assessment/evaluation is referred as assessment OF learning which conducted at the end of the progrsmme. Summative assessment is designed to:

  • provide information
  • make judgments about student achievement at the end of a sequence of instruction, (e.g., final drafts/attempts, tests, exam, assignments, projects, performances)

It is a means to determine a student’s mastery and understanding of information, skills, concepts, or processes.

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

summative assessment strategies
Summative Assessment Strategies
  • Unit Test
  • Performance Task
  • Product/Exhibit
  • Demonstration
  • Portfolio Review

www.stcloudstate.edu/oce/teaching/documents/FORMATIVEASSESSMENT.ppt

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

assessment instruments
Assessment Instruments

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

informal and formal assessment
Informal and Formal Assessment
  • Informal assessment can take a number of forms:
    • unplanned comments, verbal feedback to students, observing students perform a task or work in small groups, and so on.
  • Formal assessment are exercises or procedures which are:
    • systematic
    • give students and teachers an appraisal of students’ achievement such as tests.

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

traditional assessment
Traditional Assessment
  • Multiple-choice
  • True-false
  • Matching
  • Norm-referenced and criterion referenced tests

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

norm and criterion referenced tests
Norm and Criterion-referenced tests
  • Norm-referenced test
    • standardized tests (college board, TOEFL, GRE)
    • Place test-takers on a mathematical continuum in rank order
  • Criterion-referenced tests
    • give test-takers feedback on specific objectives (“criterea”)
    • test objectives of a course
    • known as “instructional value”

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

authentic assessment
Authentic Assessment
  • Authentic assessment
    • reflects student learning, achievement, motivation, and attitudes on instructionally relevant classroom activities
  • Examples:
    • performance assessment
    • portfolios
    • self-assessment

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

purposes for assessment
Purposes for Assessment
  • Diagnose students strengths and needs
  • Provide feedback on student learning
  • Provide a basis for instructional placement
  • Inform and guide instruction
  • Communicate learning expectations
  • Motivate and focus students’ attention and effort
  • Provide practice applying knowledge and skills

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING

purposes continued
Purposes continued
  • Provide a basis for evaluation for the purpose of:
    • Grading
    • Promotion/graduation
    • Program admission/selection
    • Accountability
    • Gauge program effectiveness

ED 1203 - INTRODUCTION TO TEACHING