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Unit #2: U.S. & Canada. Take Five. Compare the following features between the US and Canada: Landmass Population Rivers Mountains What do the US and Canada have in common that place them in the same region?. Chp 5 Section 1: Landforms and Resources.

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Take five
Take Five

  • Compare the following features between the US and Canada:

    • Landmass

    • Population

    • Rivers

    • Mountains

  • What do the US and Canada have in common that place them in the same region?

Chp 5 section 1 landforms and resources
Chp 5 Section 1: Landforms and Resources

  • US and Canada are bound together by the following:

    • History

    • Physical geography

    • Cultural heritage

    • Economic & political ties

History of north america
History of North America

  • Bering Straits

  • Hunters and gatherers

  • Agricultural revolution

  • Native Americans

  • Great Britain and France

  • French & Indian War

  • American Revolution

Physical geography
Physical Geography

  • Landmass-Canada has the world’s 2nd largest land mass and the US has the world’s 3rd largest land mass

  • Rich in natural resources

    • Such as: fertile soil, water resources, forests, mineral deposits

Physical geography landforms
Physical Geography: Landforms

  • Use the blank map provided to recreate the landforms on pg. 118

    • Eastern lowlands

    • Appalachian Highlands

    • Islands

      • Ellesmere

      • Victoria

      • Baffin

      • Hawaiian islands—name the various islands

    • Western Mtns

      • Rocky Mountains

      • Continental Divide

      • Sierra Nevada

      • Cascade Range

      • Mt. McKinley

    • Interior Lowlands

      • Great Plains

      • Canadian Shield

Wally points
Wally Points…

  • Look at the map on page 120, what types of natural resources does the US and Canada have at their disposal?

  • What common natural resources does the US and Canada have in common?

  • Complete the “skillbuilder” section on pg 120.

Natural resources raw materials
Natural Resources & Raw Materials

  • Water resources: Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic Oceans & Gulf of Mexico

  • 8 of the world’s 15 largest lakes are located in N America:

    • Great Lakes: Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie & Superior

    • Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, Illinois, Mackenzie, and St. Lawrence Rivers

Wally points1
Wally Points…

  • What states does the Mississippi River flow through?

Natural resources raw materials1
Natural Resources & Raw Materials

  • ½ of Canada is woodland forests

  • 1/3 of US is woodland forests

    • Major producers of lumber and forest products

  • Minerals

    • Iron ore, nickel, copper, gold, uranium, silver etc

  • Fossil fuels

    • Oil, natural gas, coal

    • US is the world’s largest consumer of fossil fuels

In class assignment
In Class Assignment

  • Make a Venn diagram or other graphic organizer comparing and contrasting the US and Canada—include the following elements: physical geographic features (mountains, rivers, lakes, plains), raw materials, culture, history, population, political systems and economy.

Take five1
Take Five

  • What types of climates can be found in North America?

  • What climates do the US and Canada share?

  • What climates do NOT exist in Canada?

Take five2
Take Five…

  • The population of Canada is clustered along the border with the US in the eastern half of the country. Why is this a trend?

Chp 5 section 2 climate and vegetation
Chp 5 Section 2: Climate and Vegetation

  • The US and Canada share various climate zones

  • The US has more climate zones than Canada

    • US=Ranging from tundra to tropical

      • Mid-latitudes

    • Canada=arctic and subarctic climates

    • Winters are long, summers short average temp in summer 400 F

    • Permafrost-permanently frozen ground

Climates of us and canada
Climates of US and Canada

  • Moderate climates-North Central and Northeastern US and southern Canada have a humid continental climate: cold winters and warm summers

    • Most productive agricultural regions

      • Dairy, grain and livestock

Climates of us and canada1
Climates of US and Canada

  • Milder Climates

    • South of 400 latitude

    • Hot and muggy summers

    • Mild and cool winters

    • Mediterranean climates (like California as well)

  • Dry Climates

    • Great Plains & Great Basin

    • Less than 10 inches of rain per year

  • Tropical Climates

    • Hawaii & Florida

      • Warm, wet climate

      • Everglades—4,000 sq miles of swampland

Effects of extreme weather in the us
Effects of Extreme Weather in the US

  • Tornado Alley—Great Plains

  • Earthquakes—California

  • Hurricanes—N. & S. Carolina, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas

  • Flooding, blizzards, volcanoes (Mt. St. Helens)

In class assignment1
In Class Assignment

  • Using your maps—answer the skill builder questions on pg 125

Timed writing assignment
Timed Writing Assignment

  • Write a 5 paragraph essay (thesis, point one, point two, point three, conclusion) on the following topic (grammar & spelling do not count…do you best)

    • Discuss the government, economy and culture of America. Refer to both past and present issues as relevant…

How was it graded
How was it graded?

  • Paper graded from the rubric

  • + Map grade divided by 2 to get final average

How was it graded1
How was it graded?

  • Title 5 pts

  • Legend 5 pts

  • Scale 5 pts

  • Compass 5 pts

  • Lat & Long 15 pts

  • Clear border

    dispute 15 pts

    Colorful 25 pts

    Well designed 25 pts

Take five3
Take Five

  • What is “urban sprawl”?

  • What is the difference between “Americanization” and multiculturalism?

  • What approach do you think is healthier for a country?

Take five4
Take Five

  • What islands form a state in the US?

  • What are the highest mountains in the US?

  • Where are the most below sea-level elevations located in the US?

  • Which lake does the St. Lawrence River connect to the Atlantic Ocean?

Section 3 human environment interaction
Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction

  • Agricultural revolution—nomads moving to settlement

    • Agriculture due to fertile soils is key resource for both the US and Canada

    • Irrigation systems to open farming in certain dry regions

Section 3 human environment interaction1
Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction

  • Cities

    • Usually near water resource (lake, river, stream, etc)

    • Other factors: landscape, climate, weather & natural resources

    • Montreal: freezing temps yet 2nd largest Canadian city

      • St. Lawrence & Ottawa rivers

      • Mount Royal

        • Adaptation to weather—underground & inside

    • LA: mild climate 2nd largest US city

      • Pacific coast

      • Problems with urbanization—pollution, traffic, lack of water resources

      • Earthquake prone

Section 3 human environment interaction2
Section 3: Human-Environment Interaction

  • Overcoming Distances

    • Intercoastal waterways

      • Ex: St. Lawrence seaway—joint project of US/Canada—connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic. Ships are raised and lowered by a series of locks which allows large ships to enter into the agricultural and industrial areas of NAmerica

    • Transcontinental Railroads

      • Connecting east and west coasts and providing transportation for travel as well as commerce

        • 1869 US connects east and west

        • 1885 Canada connection from Montreal to British Columbia

        • US has 2nd largest rr system in world & Canada has the 3rd largest

    • National Highway Systems

      • US 4 million miles of roads

      • Canada 560,000 miles of roads

In class assignment2
In class assignment…

  • To be placed in your portfolio

  • Complete the Chp 5 Assessment on pg 132-133