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Prehistoric Era of Texas. Notes will help us understand the period of Texas where there wereno written records. Vocabulary. Era - period of time from a specific date serving as the basis from a chronological system.

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prehistoric era of texas

Prehistoric Era of Texas

Notes will help us understand the period of Texas where there wereno written records.

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Era- period of time from a specific date serving as the basis from a chronological system.
  • Artifacts- tools, weapons and other objects that show how people lived in the past.
  • Prehistory- period of time where there were no written records about humans.
  • Historian- a person who is an authority on history, and who studies and writes about it.
  • Archaeologist- a scientist who digs beneath the ground to find evidence of past cultures.
indians in texas
Indians in Texas
  • Early man first entered Texas during the Ice Age; Nomadic Tribes followed animals across the Bering Strait in search of food.
paleo indian era 92000b c 6000b c
Paleo-Indian Era (92000B.C.-6000B.C.)
  • Nomadic people, thought to be the first to live in the Western Hemisphere.
  • They mainly Hunted and had two cultures:
  • Llano Culture- hunted Mammoths and giant Mastodons.
  • Folsom Culture- better weapons than Llano, with the use of the buffalos’ horns and bones. Also used the Atlatl (spear throwing stick).
  • Main source of food was the Buffalo.
archaic era 6000 b c 500a d
Archaic Era- (6000 B.C.- 500A.D.)
  • Hunted many animals including the buffalo, deer, elk, bears and small game. Also spread different fruit seeds around the area.
  • Their Artifacts have been found around Edward’s Plateau.
  • More advanced than the Paleo-Indians due to their use of better weapons ,such as drills, scrapers and harpoons.
  • Depended more on plants than hunting for animals and had a special gift for domesticating, (taming) wild animals.
formative era 500a d 1500a d
Formative Era- (500A.D.-1500A.D.)
  • In this era the people experience a new way of life, the Bow and Arrow are invented; pottery is taken up.
  • The people discover a new way to bring food in by starting to plant corn (maize), tomatoes, pumpkins, peanuts, cotton and tobacco.
  • The population of the people increased, and people lived longer.