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End of the Year Assessment Review . 4 branches of Earth Systems . Astronomy Meterology Geology Oceanography . What is the order of objects in the universe according to their size? . Largest  Smallest Universe Galaxy Solar System Star Planet (ex: Earth) Moon Comet .

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4 branches of earth systems
4 branches of Earth Systems
  • Astronomy
  • Meterology
  • Geology
  • Oceanography
what is the order of objects in the universe according to their size
What is the order of objects in the universe according to their size?
  • Largest  Smallest
    • Universe
    • Galaxy
    • Solar System
    • Star
    • Planet (ex: Earth)
    • Moon
    • Comet
these rocks classifications are based on
These (rocks) classifications are based on……
  • How they were formed
    • Heat
    • Pressure
    • Cooling
    • Weathering
    • Erosion
    • Compaction
  • Think of the rock cycle we looked at
how do rocks help explain the earth s history
How do rocks help explain the Earth’s history?
  • Shows the changes in the Earth’s atmosphere and different events that occurred on the Earth
  • Fossil  explain what creatures were present on the Earth
  • Rock types showed that certain continents may have been together
3 layers of the earth
3 layers of the Earth
  • Outermost  Inner Layer
    • Crust
    • Mantle
    • Core
the 3 layers based upon
The 3 layers based upon…..
  • Composition
    • What they are made up of
5 layers of the earth
5 layers of the Earth
  • Outermost  Innermost
    • Lithosphere
    • Asthenosphere
    • Mesosphere
    • Outer Core
    • Inner Core
the 5 layers are based on their
The 5 layers are based on their…..
  • Physical characteristics
3 types of plate boundaries
3 types of plate boundaries
  • Transform
  • Divergent
  • Convergent
what are the physical features formed at each boundary
What are the physical features formed at each boundary?
  • Transform
    • faults
  • Divergent
    • Ridges
  • Convergent
    • Trenches
    • Mountains/Volcanoes
what are convection currents and what causes them
What are convection currents and what causes them?
  • They are the heating and cooling of material.
  • Caused by:
    • A heat source
what is the percentage of gases in the earth s atmosphere
What is the percentage of gases in the Earth’s atmosphere?
  • Nitrogen  78%
  • Oxygen  21 %
  • Other  about 1 %
what causes the moon to appear in different phases throughout the month
What causes the moon to appear in different phases throughout the month?
  • Position of the Earth & sun
what causes the seasons
What causes the seasons?
  • TILT of the Earth
hurricanes vs tornadoes
Hurricanes vs. Tornadoes

Hurricanes

Tornadoes

Size: smaller area

Speed: Gusts: 65- over 200 mph

Duration: usually minutes

Intensity: hail & wind damage

  • Size: Larger area covered
  • Speed: Sustained: 74- over 155 mph
  • Duration: over days
  • Intensity: causes flooding & wind damage
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