National Governors Association Waves of Change Best Practices Conference Ocean Resource Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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National Governors Association Waves of Change Best Practices Conference Ocean Resource Management

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  1. National Governors Association Waves of Change Best Practices Conference Ocean Resource Management Issues, Concerns, Opportunities, Robert Bailey, Oregon Coastal-Ocean Management Program

  2. Background: States and the Ocean • A. Historical setting • • State boundaries and jurisdiction • • The limitless ocean mindset • • The Cold War • • The Wave of Change…ride it or get left behind

  3. Jurisdictional Context The Oregon Coast and Ocean United States Oregon International

  4. Astoria Canyon Geographic Context Oregon Ocean Area Territorial Sea (3 n.m. wide) (State waters: approx 1200 sq mi) Continental Shelf Heceta Bank Continental Slope (Federal waters) Ocean Stewardship Area (Assert interest, not jurisdiction : approx 12,000 sq mi)) Cape Blanco

  5. Background: States and the Ocean • B. 1972 Coastal Zone Management Act • • unique state-federal partnership • • land-use planning for the coast • • focus on “coastal waters” • • federal consistency • • financial assistance: capacity-building

  6. Background: States and the Ocean • C. State-federal tensions • • “the national interest” vs state “interests” • • OCS oil and gas leasing • • fishery management councils • • federal “consistency”

  7. Background: States and the Ocean • D. Mysteries of the Deep • • Revolution in science and technology post WWII • = understanding and exploitation • • Marine ecosystems and biodiversity: • broad linkages and non-linear feedback loops • • A shrinking ocean: • technology is the problem; • is technology is the answer?

  8. 2. Major problems or concerns A. Institutional • Capacity: financial/legal/institutional • Jurisdictional uncertainties, gaps, overlaps • Multi-sectoral processes and management • Time scales: science vs management vs funding vs political

  9. 2. Major problems or concerns B. Management/Governance Misfit/Inadequacies • States embedded in larger marine setting • Area-based management vs dynamic management • Ad-hoc management/regulatory response vs ecosystem coherence • Ecosystem conditions & dynamics vs site-specific management

  10. Geographic Context California Current Region Oregon Ocean Area

  11. 2. Major problems or concerns C. Environmental Realities • Vast, dynamic, variable, hostile environment • Nested scales of processes: ecological, physical, economic • Complexity: environment & governance • Informational asymmetry: state/federal/research

  12. 2. Major problems or concerns D. Cultural • Language: scientists/managers/users • Cowboys and Pirates •Freedom of the Seas

  13. 3. How were state “best practices” developed (How was Oregon ocean program developed?) A. Extension of existing programs & culture • Coastal Mgmt Program • Statewide Planning Goals •State Agency Programs and Regulations •Legislative validation and direction

  14. 3. How were state “best practices” developed (How was Oregon ocean program developed?) B. Slow stepwise: • 1975 report & policy recommendations • 1977 statewide planning goal ocean resources, • 1986 Territorial Sea Study; • 1987 state law: broad Ocean Resources Plan, • 1991 state law: Ocean Policy Advisory Council Territorial Sea Plan • 1994 Territorial Sea Plan adopted • 1999 amendment to Ocean Planning Goal

  15. 3. How were state “best practices” developed (How was Oregon ocean program developed?) C. Public Involvement • Public workshops • Open meetings •Support for local programs

  16. 3. How were state “best practices” developed (How was Oregon ocean program developed?) D. Science/Information • Opportunistic predation • ODFW Marine Habitat Program • OSU (Zoology, Oceanography, other) • NOAA/COP PNCERS • In-house Digital Coastal Atlas

  17. 3. How were state “best practices” developed (How was Oregon ocean program developed?) E. Get wet slowly from shore • Rocky Shore Strategy • Kelp Reef Habitat Assessments • Telecommunication cables • Marine Reserves

  18. 4. Reasons for success A. Political support/agency buy-in B. Linkage to CZM agency & Governor’s Office C. Clear planning framework, purpose D. Existing planning culture E. Caution

  19. 5. What is needed to advance or promote your approach A. Information • environment, ecosystem, economic • research targeted to management time scales B. State-federal region-scale process C. Capacity •technical •policy •research • information management D. Integrated federal policies and processes E. Integrated PROCESS for involving states 

  20. QUESTIONS?