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IS-317 Examination Key. Question # 1. CERTs play a critical role in their communities by preparing for hazards and learning response skills to help themselves and others. Following a major disaster, CERTs may activate according to their standard operating procedures to:

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question 1
Question # 1
  • CERTs play a critical role in their communities by preparing for hazards and learning response skills to help themselves and others. Following a major disaster, CERTs may activate according to their standard operating procedures to:
    • a. Suppress major fires that may cause infrastructure damage.
    • b. Assume lead responsibility in a hazardous materials incident.
    • c. Respond to incidents in their neighborhoods or workplaces.
    • d. Coordinate the response to a mass casualty incident.
    • (Found on page # 1 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 2
Question # 2
  • CERTs prepare themselves and their families by:
  • Identifying and reducing potential hazards in the home and workplace,
  • Developing a family disaster plan, and
  • ______________________________________.
  • a. Notifying authorities about known hazards.
  • b. Assembling a disaster supply kit.
  • c. Restricting access to hazardous areas.
  • d. Ensuring evacuation routes are clear.
  • (Found on page # 7 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 3
Question # 3
  • The first CERT member to arrive at a predetermined staging area assumes the role of the:
  • a. Designated Chief.
  • b. Size-up Coordinator.
  • c. Incident Commander.
  • d. Lead Responder.
  • (Found on page # 17 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 4
Question # 4
  • The CERT Team Leader manages CERT operations until:
  • a. The Operations Section Chief reports for duty.
  • b. The first professional responder arrives.
  • c. The Emergency Operations Plan is activated.
  • d. The Incident Command Post is established.
  • (Found on page # 17 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 5
Question # 5
  • All CERT decisions will be made with which key question in mind:
  • a. How quickly can the CERT team assist the victims?
  • b. When will professional responders arrive at the scene?
  • c. Who is the Incident Commander in this situation?
  • d. Is it safe for CERT members to attempt this task?
  • (Found on page # 19 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 6
Question # 6
  • A thorough size-up can make the response safer and more efficient by:
  • a. Determining the estimated response time before taking action.
  • b. Providing critical information to the public.
  • c. Prioritizing actions based on team safety and capability.
  • d. Eliminating the need for professional responders.
  • (Found on page # 22 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 7
Question # 7
  • Size-up is a cumulative process and each step builds on previous steps. The first step is to:
  • a. Gather facts.
  • b. Establish priorities.
  • c. Take action.
  • d. Evaluate progress.
  • (Found on page # 22 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 8
Question # 8
  • Fires are classified according to:
  • a. The severity of the fire.
  • b. The type of fuel feeding the fire.
  • c. The location of the fire.
  • d. The type of structure involved.
  • (Found on page # 27 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 9
Question # 9
  • Which of the following will extinguish a Class A, B, or C fire?
  • a. Dry chemical extinguisher
  • b. Carbon dioxide extinguisher
  • c. Specialized extinguisher
  • d. Water extinguisher
  • (Found on page # 30 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 10
Question # 10
  • To eliminate or reduce potential fire hazards in the home and workplace:
  • a. Store flammable liquids away from heat sources.
  • b. Inspect wood stoves and chimney flues every five to seven years.
  • c. Install a fireplace screen that allows a fire to be left unattended.
  • d. Separate incompatible chemicals.
  • (Found on page # 38 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 11
Question # 11
  • Which of the following utilities, when turned off during an emergency, must be restored only by a trained technician?
  • a. Natural gas
  • b. Electricity
  • c. Water supply
  • d. Telephone service
  • (Found on page # 36 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 12
Question # 12
  • CERT members should always wear complete safety gear, including:
  • a. Breathing apparatus for smoke-filled rooms or areas.
  • b. Specialized equipment for hazardous materials.
  • c. Helmet, boots, goggles, gloves, and a dust mask.
  • d. Backpack containing a portable fire extinguisher.
  • (Found on page # 39 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 13
Question # 13
  • Before entering a closed room, CERT members should:
  • a. Test door handles, checking for signs of heat.
  • b. Have an extinguisher ready before opening a door that feels hot.
  • c. Feel closed doors with the back of the hand, from the bottom up.
  • d. Cover nose and mouth to keep from inhaling smoke.
  • (Found on page # 39 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 14
Question # 14
  • When attempting to suppress a fire, CERTs should:
  • a. Work with a buddy and backup team.
  • b. Open all doors as they leave the area.
  • c. Plan one escape route from the fire area.
  • d. Feel heat before using an extinguisher.
  • (Found on page # 39 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 15
Question # 15
  • CERTs should only attempt to suppress fires that are smaller than the size of a:
  • a. Wood shed.
  • b. Pickup truck.
  • c. Couch or sofa.
  • d. Wastepaper can.
  • (Found on page # 40 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 16
Question # 16
  • During an incident involving known or suspected hazardous materials, CERTs should:
  • a. Consider the material a STOP sign.
  • b. Move downwind of the initial incident site.
  • c. Conduct decontamination of other victims.
  • d. Stay at the incident site to conduct a sizeup.
  • (Found on page # 43 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 17
Question # 17
  • If CERT members suspect that they have been contaminated, they should self-decontaminate and then:
  • a. Conduct the same decontamination procedures on the other victims.
  • b. Stay in the contaminated area to provide medical treatment to the victims.
  • c. Contain the victims at the incident site to minimize the contaminated area.
  • d. Wait for professional responders to conduct formal decontamination.
  • (Found on page # 44 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 18
Question # 18
  • The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Diamond:
  • a. Specifies the types of hazardous materials in a vehicle
  • or rail car.
  • b. Indicates that hazardous materials are stored in the building.
  • c. Stipulates the proper storage procedures for hazardous materials.
  • d. Lists the amount or quantity of hazardous materials in a container.
  • (Found on page # 46 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 19
Question # 19
  • If you see any indicators of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), you should:
  • a. Leave the area and report information to 911 using a land line.
  • b. Investigate thoroughly to determine the likely type of weapon.
  • c. Stay at the incident site to prevent unauthorized access.
  • d. Use your cellular phone to report a suspected explosive device.
  • (Found on page # 56 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 20
Question # 20
  • Which of the following is a “STOP” sign for CERTs responding to a medical emergency?
  • a. Victims that are bleeding from injuries on their extremities.
  • b. Victims showing signs of being upset or stressed.
  • c. Victims whose injuries could become infected after initial treatment.
  • d. Victims gasping for air without an obvious reason.
  • (Found on page # 59 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 21
Question # 21
  • The three life-threatening conditions that always get first priority are obstructed airway, excessive bleeding, and:
  • a. Shock.
  • b. Headache.
  • c. Dizziness.
  • d. Nausea.
  • (Found on page # 60 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 22
Question # 22
  • What is the first step that CERT members should take if someone appears to be unconscious?
  • a. Tilt the head and lift the chin to clear any obstruction.
  • b. Look at the victim’s chest and watch for the chest to rise.
  • c. At arm’s length, shake the victim and shout, “Can you hear me?”
  • d. Move near the victim’s mouth and listen for breathing.
  • (Found on page # 60 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 23
Question # 23
  • Most bleeding can be controlled by:
  • a. Immersing the wound in water.
  • b. Direct pressure and elevation.
  • c. Covering the wound with ice.
  • d. Packing the wound with salve.
  • (Found on page # 62 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 24
Question # 24
  • During triage, what determines the victim's mental status?
  • a. Failure to follow simple commands.
  • b. Fewer than 30 breaths per minute.
  • c. Capillary refill of less than 2 seconds.
  • d. Excessive bleeding from an injury.
  • (Found on page # 70 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 25
Question # 25
  • The goal of triage is to identify victims who have:
  • a. Internal injuries.
  • b. Psychological trauma.
  • c. Closed-head injuries.
  • d. The 3 “killers”.
  • (Found on page # 65 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 26
Question # 26
  • To indicate the results of triage, every victim receives a tag with:
  • a. “#1” for first priority level, “#2” for second priority level, or “#3” for third priority level.
  • b. “G” for green (for release), “Y” for yellow (for observation), or “R” for red (for treatment).
  • c. “I” for immediate treatment, “D” for delayed treatment, or “Dead.”
  • d. “L” for life-threatening injuries, “S” for severe injuries, and “M” for minor injuries.
  • (Found on page # 65 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 27
Question # 27
  • After sizing up the situation, the next step for you and your buddy is to:
  • a. Treat the highest priority victims.
  • b. Conduct voice triage.
  • c. Triage and tag victims.
  • d. Document triage results.
  • (Found on page # 67 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 28
Question # 28
  • A medical treatment area site should:
  • a. Restrict vehicle access.
  • b. Be in a downwind location.
  • c. Allow for expansion.
  • d. Be far from the incident.
  • (Found on page # 73 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 29
Question # 29
  • Within the immediate and delayed treatment areas, patients should be positioned:
  • a. A minimum of 5 feet apart.
  • b. To allow victims to comfort each other.
  • c. Flat on their backs on gurneys.
  • d. In a head-to-toe configuration.
  • (Found on page # 74 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 30
Question # 30
  • If enough latex gloves are not readily available, CERT members should:
  • a. Change gloves only if they come in contact with body fluids.
  • b. Sterilize gloves between victims using 1 part bleach to 10 parts water.
  • c. Wash hands with antibacterial soap for at least 15 seconds after treating each victim.
  • d. Pour hydrogen peroxide over hands after treating each victim.
  • (Found on page # 66 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 31
Question # 31
  • To protect themselves against fluid-borne diseases, CERT members should:
  • a. Wear a dust mask, sterile gloves, and goggles.
  • b. Isolate each victim in a separate treatment area.
  • c. Disinfect every wound with hydrogen peroxide.
  • d. Wash their hands for a minimum of five seconds.
  • (Found on page # 77 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 32
Question # 32
  • Assessment of victim injuries should be conducted in a systematic order:
  • a. From the back to the front.
  • b. From the left side to the right.
  • c. From the head to the toes.
  • d. From external to internal injuries.
  • (Found on page # 79 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 33
Question # 33
  • When in doubt, assume that a spinal injury has occurred. A CERT member’s main objective when treating victims with suspected head, neck, or spinal injuries is to:
  • a. Move the victim as quickly as possible.
  • b. Keep the spine in a straight line.
  • c. Allow free movement of the neck and spine.
  • d. Minimize swelling with the use of ice packs.
  • (Found on page # 81 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 34
Question # 34
  • To clean dirt from a wound:
  • a. Flush the wound with soap and purified water.
  • b. Scrub the wound to ensure cleanliness.
  • c. Rinse the wound with hydrogen peroxide.
  • d. Sterilize the wound with iodine.
  • (Found on page # 77 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 35
Question # 35
  • To treat an open fracture (that has punctured the skin), splint the fracture in place and:
  • a. Elevate the fractured appendage.
  • b. Thoroughly irrigate the wound and bone.
  • c. Place moist dressing over the bone end.
  • d. Draw exposed bone back into the tissue.
  • (Found on page # 88 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 36
Question # 36
  • During a disaster, survivors and helpers may experience disaster-related stress. Three measures that CERT workers can take to protect themselves from vicarious trauma include:
    • Recognize signs of trauma in yourself,
    • Take breaks and drink liquids, and
    • ___________________________.
  • a. Don’t over-identify with the survivors of the incident.
  • b. Don’t remain at the scene for longer than 30 minutes.
  • c. Don’t respond to disasters that you have personally endured.
  • d. Don’t speak with victims about their feelings of loss.
  • (Found on page # 91 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 37
Question # 37
  • CERT search and rescue teams must never:
  • a. Perform a sizeup of the situation.
  • b. Enter heavily damaged structures.
  • c. Work during periods of rainy weather.
  • d. Use a buddy system.
  • (Found on page # 102 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 38
Question # 38
  • If in doubt about whether to classify a building as having moderate or heavy damage, CERT members should:
  • a. Provide treatment inside the structure.
  • b. Classify it as safe until they have more information.
  • c. Leave the area around the structure immediately.
  • d. Choose the more serious level of damage—or heavy damage.
  • (Found on page # 104 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 39
Question # 39
  • During a search, periodically stop all movement and:
  • a. Listen for sounds of trapped victims.
  • b. Check the location of your CERT buddy.
  • c. Maintain visual contact with the Team Leader.
  • d. Document the progress of the search.
  • (Found on page # 108 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
question 40
Question # 40
  • When leveraging a heavy object to remove a victim, remember to:
  • a. Lift the object very rapidly and drop it to one side.
  • b. Place your hands under the object to raise it.
  • c. Leave the cribbing in place after removing the victim.
  • d. Stabilize the object with cribbing as you go.
  • (Found on page # 111 of CERT IS-317 Summary)
cert test site
CERT Test Site
  • www.citizencorps.gov/cc/editIS317.do