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Texas Independence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Texas Independence
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  1. Texas Independence

  2. Objectives: 1. Identify why Mexico allowed U.S. settlers into Texas. 2. Explain the conditions established by the Mexican government. 3. Discuss the events of the Texas War for Independence.

  3. Mexico in 1835

  4. A. Americans move to Texas • Davy Crockett, a three-term state representative for Tennessee, lost his seat in Congress in 1835. He then left Tennessee for Texas. •  In 1803, the United States claimed Texas, despite Spain’s protests, but dropped its claim in 1819. • Most of Texas’s residents were Tejanos, or Mexicans who claimed Texas as their home.

  5. A. Americans move to Texas 1. Mexico wanted to bring more people to Texas to develop it. They decided to allow U.S. citizens in.

  6. A. Americans move to Texas 1. Mexico wanted to bring more people to Texas to develop it. They decided to allow U.S. citizens in. 2. Empresarios, people who obtained grants and recruited settlers, would get land for every family they recruited.

  7. Stephen Austin Recruited 300 American families to settle in Texas.

  8. A. Americans move to Texas 1. Mexico wanted to bring more people to Texas to develop it. They decided to allow U.S. citizens in. 2. Empresarios, people who obtained grants and recruited settlers, would get land for every family they recruited. 3. Americans came for cheap or even free land.

  9. B. Mexican rules

  10. B. Mexican rules 1. The settlers had to become Mexican citizens,

  11. B. Mexican rules 1. The settlers had to become Mexican citizens, become Catholic,

  12. B. Mexican rules 1. The settlers had to become Mexican citizens, become Catholic, and no slavery was allowed.

  13. C. Friction between the Americans in Texas and Mexico 1. The settlers didn't want to obey Mexico's laws. 2. They didn't become Catholic. 3. They didn't like the gov't of Mexico - not a democracy. 4. They wanted slavery.

  14. C. Friction between the Americans in Texas and Mexico By 1830 Americans far outnumbered Mexicans in Texas. Mexico issued a decree, or official order, that stopped all immigration from the United States and taxed all American goods entering Texas. These policies enraged Texans.

  15. Gen. Santa Anna • He became the dictator and overthrew Mexico’s constitution.

  16. D. Major Battles

  17. D. Major Battles • Gonzales – first • Mexican troops tried to take a cannon held by Texans in the town of Gonzales, but they were driven back by the Texans.

  18. D. Major Battles 1. Gonzales - first • The Alamo - every Texan killed. • For 13 days, a small group of Texans, including Davy Crockett, William B. Travis, and Jim Bowie, kept the Alamo from Mexican forces. • Mexican forces broke through the Alamo and killed all the Texas forces. • Only a few women and children and some servants survived.

  19. The Alamo - San Antonio, TX

  20. Gen. Santa Anna - Leader of the Mexican army

  21. William Travis - Texan commander • Travis sent a letter to the people of Texas asking for support. • He pledged to fight to the death whether they received help or not.

  22. Jim Bowie & his knife

  23. Davy Crockett

  24. D. Major Battles 1. Gonzales - first 2. The Alamo - every Texan killed. • Goliad - every Texan slaughtered. • Sam Houston ordered troops at Goliad to abandon their positions, but they intercepted Mexican forces after retreating. Santa Anna ordered the Texans executed.

  25. Battle of Goliad

  26. D. Major Battles 1. Gonzales - first 2. The Alamo - every Texan killed. 3. Goliad - every Texan slaughtered. 4. San Jacinto - Gen. Santa Anna captured and Texas independence.

  27. D. Major Battles • Houston gathered about 900 troops at San Jacinto. • Santa Anna was camped nearby with an army of about 1,300. • Texans attacked the Mexican camp, capturing Santa Anna. • Santa Anna signed a treaty recognizing the independence of Texas on May 14, 1836.

  28. Battle of San Jacinto

  29. Sam Houston - Battle of San Jacinto • Texans elected Sam Houston president in September 1836.

  30. Surrender of Santa Anna

  31. D. Major Battles 1. Gonzales - first 2. The Alamo - every Texan killed. 3. Goliad - every Texan slaughtered. 4. San Jacinto - Gen. Santa Ana captured and Texas independence.