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Your Gateway to Peace Operations. Approaching the Comprehensive Approach: Lessons from Preparing Peace Operations Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf | ZIF Analysis Partnership for Peace Workshop | Bratislava, 03 July 2013. Overview.

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slide1

Your Gateway to Peace Operations

Approaching the Comprehensive Approach:

Lessons from Preparing Peace Operations

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf | ZIF Analysis

Partnership for Peace Workshop | Bratislava, 03 July 2013

slide2

Overview

  • Background: Comprehensive Peace Operations
  • ZIF: Purpose and Mandate
  • Institutionalized Comprehensive Approach in ZIF
  • Approaching the Comprehensive Approach in Training: Lessons and Questions

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide3

1 | Peace Operations: Key Figures

> 140 peace operations since 1948

> 50 mandated missions today

> 270.000 peacekeepers

> 240.000 military

> 16.000 police

> 11.000 civilians

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide4

1 | Fundamental Changes in Peace Operations

  • More types of field missions.
  • More complex, partly executive mandates.
  • More organizations than ever involved.
  • Extended periods of deployment.
  • Wider roles for (civilian) personnel.

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide5

1 | Range of Activities

Peacemaking

Peacekeeping

Peacebuilding

Monitoring; Observation

Humanitarian aid;

Emergency response

Political dialogue;

Mediation

Administration;

Demobilization;

Rule of Law;

Security sector reform

Capacity building;

Institution building;

Policy support

Elections

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide6

1 | Range of Actors

United Nations

Regional Organizations (EU, OSCE, AU, etc.)

Bilateral Actors

UN

Regionalorganisationen

„Coalitions of the Willing“

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide7

2 | ZIF Mandate

Established in 2002 as Non-profit Ltd., owned by the Federal Republic of Germany, represented by the Federal Foreign Office

  • to provide independent analysis and advice on
    • crisis prevention, peace operations, and peace building;
    • cooperation between civilian, police and military actors;
    • policy and further development of the UN, EU, OSCE and other international institutions.
  • to establish and maintain a civilian expert roster for peace operations and election observations.
  • to develop and provide training for experts to be deployed in international peace operations and as election observers.

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide8

2 | ZIF Structure

Director

Analysis

Human Resources (Expert Roster)

Training

Administration

18 employees

Projects

AU Roster

OCHARoster

ENTRi II EU Training

Peace Ops

Fragile states

Rule of Law

Peace and Security

~20 employees

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide9

2862

68

525

26

71

2 | ZIF Expert Roster

~1,300 civilians registered, non-standing

German Civilians in Peace Operations

(as of December 2012)

German Election Observers

(2002-2012: 3405)

European Council: 18

2.771 STO, 634 LTO

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide10

2 | ZIF Experts in Peace Operations

  • Human Rights Expert, Sudan
  • Monitor, Georgia
  • Election Observer, Kazakhstan
  • Press Officer, Timor-Leste
  • Political Analyst, DR Congo
  • Humanitarian Coordinator, Libya
  • International Judge, Kosovo
  • Finance Manager, Afghanistan
  • Logistics Specialist, Liberia

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide11

3 | Institutionalized Comprehensive Approach in ZIF

  • Working Group on the Comprehensive Approach (Vernetzte Sicherheit):
    • Representatives from / liaison to MoECD, MFA, MoD, MoI.
    • Analytical and conceptual contributions to CA.
  • Participation in Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt):
    • MoECD, governmental agencies, NGOs.
    • Strengthening cooperation and contribution of development cooperation to sustainable conflict transformation.
  • Training Partner Platform:
    • MoECD, MoJ, MoI, MoD Bundeswehr: Command & Staff College, UN Training CenterPolice Academies, GIZ.
    • Pooling of resources, joint trainings, exchange of experience.

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide12

3 | Comprehensive Approach: Joint Trainings

  • Mentoring and Advising (w/ several partners).
  • Intercultural communication (w/ police academies).
  • Gender issues in peace operations (w/ police academies).
  • UN Administration and Field Support (w/ UN-DFS, CSC Hamburg).
  • Field Security Trainings (w/ UN Training Center Hammelburg).

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide13

3 | Comprehensive Approach: Joint EU Trainings

ENTRi II – Europe’s New Training Initiative for Civilian Crisis Management.

  • 3,33m Euro / 3 yrs from the EU Instrument for Stability, co-funded
    • 90% by European Commission
    • 10% by 14 implementing partners (led by ZIF)
    • OSCE and UN-DPKO as Associates.
  • Preparation and training of civilians to be, or already deployed to crisis management missions (EU, UN, OSCE, AU).
  • 747 civilians from 67 nations trained in 36 ENTRi courses in 2012.
  • Courses:
    • Pre-deployment: EULEX Kosovo, EUPOL Afghanistan, EUMM Georgia.
    • Specialization: Rule of Law, Mission Administration and Support, Conflict Analysis & Conflict Sensitivity, Mediation & Negotiation, Human Rights,Women in Armed Conflict.

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide14

3 | Comprehensive Approach: Joint EU Trainings

ZIFIn-Mission Trainings

  • Since 2011: EUPOL Afghanistan, EULEX Kosovo, EUPOL COPPS Palestine
  • Preparation and training of civilians already deployed to EU crisis management missions.
  • Intercultural communication,Mediation & Negotiation.

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide15

4 | Lesson 1: Targeting and Matching

Different target groups need different focus. The closer to operations, the bigger the challenge to match target groups.

Consequences:

  • Differentiate target groups between
    • political level,
    • planners,
    • implementers.

 Who needs what?

  • For implementers, pre-deployment or in-mission trainings are best-fit, as they can cover conflict and context specific knowledge and skills.

 Challengesdue to different deployment modes, dates and cycles.

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide16

4 | Lesson 2: Knowledge and Skills

Different training formats focus on different types of knowledge and skills. There is no “one size fits all”.

General Knowledge

  • Concepts (Comprehensive Approach, Human Security etc.)
  • CA philosophy in different International Organizations and Nations
  • Analysis and planning instruments
  • Structures, mandates and organizational cultures

Conflict-specific Knowledge

Skills

  • Intercultural behavior
  • Conflict and actor analysis
  • Defining goals and planning
  • Networking and interaction

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations

slide17

4 | Lesson 3: Priorities and Mainstreaming

Civilians’ training time is a scarce resource. To maximize numbers of participants, minimize time required. Focus on mainstreaming.

Consequences:

  • Identify training priorities for target groups with respect to
    • relevant skills,
    • relevant conflict context,
    • training time required,
    • political importance.
  • Focus on short training courses or modules to minimize time required.
  • Focus on mainstreaming to reach maximum numbers of participants.

Dr. Andreas Wittkowsky / LTC Ulrich Wittkampf

Center for International Peace Operations