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KWANZAA. Created by: Mrs. Waterman-O’Connell. BACKGROUND. Kwanzaa is an African American holiday that begins on December 26 th and ends January 1 st . The word Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili language and means “first fruits of the harvest”. It was started in 1966 by Dr.Maulana Karengz.

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KWANZAA

Created by: Mrs. Waterman-O’Connell

background
BACKGROUND
  • Kwanzaa is an African American holiday that begins on December 26th and ends January 1st.
  • The word Kwanzaa comes from the Swahili language and means “first fruits of the harvest”.
  • It was started in 1966 by Dr.Maulana Karengz.
slide3

Background

  • Kwanzaa is a way for African Canadians to create and celebrate their own customs.
  • The holiday season is a time for family and friends to come together.
  • Family and friends gather to share food, give presents, and celebrate love and unity.
  • Kwanzaa celebrates the times that bind harvest to the cultural history of African Canadians.
  • Many ancestors of present day African Canadians were farmers.
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Nguzo Saba

The seven principles of Kwanzaa that celebrate the positive aspects of the African way of life.

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Means “UNITY” –working together with family, community, nation, and race.

  • The symbol is the “UNITY CUP” called “KIKOMBEE CHA UMOJA”
  • The cup is used to drink to honor our ancestors. After the toast, all members of the family drink from this cup.

UMOJA

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- It means “SELF-DETERMINATION”- defining ourselves, renaming ourselves, speaking for ourselves, and planning for ourselves.

  • Its symbol is a “KINARA” which is a seven piece candle holder
  • Stands for our very first ancestors, man and woman, the makers of our people and principles.

KUJICHAGULIA

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It means “COLLECTIVE WORK AND RESPONSIBILITY” – building communities, sharing and solving our problems.

  • The symbol is “MAZAO” which are “CROPS”
  • These crops represent our connection with African peoples who celebrated the planting and harvesting of foods (fruits, nuts, and vegetables)

UMJIMA

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NIA
  • It means “PURPOSE” – striving to build our communities and to do again the things that restore our traditional values like:
  • Have respect for our elders, for one another, and responsibility for ourselves and one another.
  • The symbol is the seven candles called the “MISHUMAA SABA” (mee-shoo-maah-sah-bah)
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MISHUMAA SABA

  • The seven candles:
  • One black that is placed in the middle of the KINARA and stands for the African Peoples.
  • Three red that stands for our struggle
  • Three green that stand for our young people
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It means “COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS”- building and maintaining our own stores and other businesses, and profiting from them together.

  • The symbol is the “MKEKA” (m-kay-cha) which is the “WOVEN MAT”
  • This mat is a symbol of tradition and history.

UJAMAA

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It means “CREATIVITY” – using our minds and hands to make our communities more beautiful than they were when we inherited them.

  • Using our hands to make gifts that record and keep our history alive!
  • The symbol is “VIBUNZE” (cuee-boon-zee) which are “EARS OF CORN”
  • Each ear of corn represents a child in the family. Each kernel represents generations to come.

KUUMBA

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-It means “FAITH” – believing with all our hearts in our people, our parents, our elders, and our teachers and victory of our struggle for equality.

  • The symbol is “ZAWADI” (sah-wah-dee) which are the “GIFTS”.
  • On the last day of Kwanzaa, meaningful gifts are given by children and adults.
  • These gifts are things that have been made by hand.

IMANI