global social protection floor perspectives and experiences of oecd povnet and finland l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Global Social Protection Floor Perspectives and Experiences of OECD-POVNET and FINLAND PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Global Social Protection Floor Perspectives and Experiences of OECD-POVNET and FINLAND

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

Global Social Protection Floor Perspectives and Experiences of OECD-POVNET and FINLAND - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 199 Views
  • Uploaded on

Global Social Protection Floor Perspectives and Experiences of OECD-POVNET and FINLAND . Pre-Conference Workshop on the Global Social Protection Floor Global Conference of ICSW, IFSW and IASSW Hong Kong, 7 June, 2010 Timo Voipio Vice-Chair, OECD-POVNET

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Global Social Protection Floor Perspectives and Experiences of OECD-POVNET and FINLAND' - kezia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
global social protection floor perspectives and experiences of oecd povnet and finland

Global Social Protection Floor Perspectives and Experiences of OECD-POVNET and FINLAND

Pre-Conference Workshop on the Global Social Protection Floor

Global Conference of ICSW, IFSW and IASSW

Hong Kong, 7 June, 2010

Timo Voipio

Vice-Chair, OECD-POVNET

Senior Adviser for Global Social Policy

Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland

Timo.Voipio@formin.fi

thanks to icsw

THANKS to ICSW

Kuala Lumpur 2004

Brasilia 2006

Tours 2008

Hong Kong 2010

- CONGRATULATIONS ICSW !  North-South Programme ! - CONGRATULATIONS TANZANIA AND FINLAND !

 Twinning, most fruitful !!

congratulations icsw ifsw and iassw global social protection floor

CONGRATULATIONS ICSW, IFSW and IASSW Global Social Protection Floor

1) For >30 years the international aid community has been trying to reduce poverty by…

- economic growth + “trickle down”

- short-term (3yr) “poverty reduction projects”

2) Yet, in all societies that have succeeded: permanent national institutions for:

- DECENT WORK for employment intensive, pro-poor, redistributed and sustainable growth

- SOCIAL PROTECTION for the young, old, sick, disabled – or those in various kinds of “shocks”

rio 1992 sustainable development balanced dev t
Rio-1992 Sustainable development =balanced dev’t

ECONOMIC

SOCIAL

ENVIRONMENT

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

ilo un ecosoc eu decent work for all
ILO, UN-ECOSOC, EU: DECENT WORK FOR ALL

Employment,

entre-

preneurship

& growth

  • SOCIAL
  • security & protection
  • inclusion & dialogue
  • rights & equality,
  • - empowerment

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

why social protection

Why Social Protection ?

Good for economic growth: poor and vulnerable people often make sub-optimal economic choices because they cannot tolerate the risks related to moving to new crops, businesses, areas …in financial crisis  aggregate demand!

A human right (Art.22-28 UDHR) – and a basic pillar of social cohesion (social contract).

Fastest way to achieve MDGs

promising evidence e g from

Promising evidence, e.g. from…

Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs), e.g. Bolsa Familia in Brazil; ADB

Employment Guarantee Schemes, e.g. NREGA in India…

Social Health Insurance, e.g. in Rwanda

Child Grants/ family benefits, e.g. in South Africa

Social pensions, e.g. in Nepal, South Africa, Brazil.

Maternity protection  MDG-5 !!!

slide8

Finland: Aid  PovRed  GlobSocPol

  • Aid

Experts’ Meeting UN CSocD  Book + PolicyStatement

Comprehensive Social Policies for

Development in a Globalizing World

Link: http://info.stakes.fi/ssd/EN/comprehensive/index.htm

social protection floor

Social Protection Floor

One key element in comprehensive social policy: Solid floor ladder/staircase to climb higher!!

Social contract – nationally and globally – to ensure that every woman and man will be able to participate in, contribute to and benefit from development…  OECD-POVNET

oecd dac donor think tank povnet poverty reduction network

OECD-DAC = ”Donor Think Tank”POVNET = Poverty Reduction Network

POVNET Guidelines on Poverty Reduction 2001

2) POVNET Guide on Pro-Poor Growth (PPG) 2006

PPG and Agriculture 2006

PPG and Infrastructure 2006

PPG and PrivSectDevt 2006

PPG and Social Protection 2009

PPG and Employment2009

PPG and Empowerment - forthcoming 2010

Global Social Protection Floor 2011-2012

slide11

1999-2010

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

slide12

Risk & Vulnerability

= Key constraints for the participation of the poorpeople in PPG in PSD and Agriculture Social Protectionneeded…

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

povnet pro poor growth growth that poor people participate in contribute to and benefit from
POVNET: Pro-poor growth= growth that poor people participate in, contribute to and benefit from…

A narrow ‘tradeable’/ Growth in all sectors/areas/markets

‘export’ sector/area/market? where the poor are & growth

(and redistribution, if any?) also in the national economy?

OLD NEW

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

reliable socprot may also encourage structural change climate adaptation
Reliable SocProt may also encourage structural change & climate adaptation

A narrow ‘tradeable’/ Growth in all sectors/areas/markets

‘export’ sector/area/market? where the poor are + flexibility

(and redistribution, if any?) for structural change, thanks to

increased social security

+ Structural

change

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

justifications used by donors for focusing on social protection
Justifications used by donors for focusing on Social Protection
  • Rights-based
  • MDGs, basic needs
  • human development / human security (Sen/JICA)
  • global socio-economic ‘floor’ (minimum standards) & global compact (MDG8)
  • democratic participation and social dialogue
  • sustainable development, lifecycle and inter-generational thinking
  • Pro-poor growth
  • helps avoid shocks that can derail growth
  • promotes innovation, risk taking and entrepreneurship
  • broadens participation in economic growth
  • focuses on asset accumulation
  • counteracts irreversible asset depletion

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

a human rights based approach
A Human Rights Based Approach…
  • Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security” further explained by article 25 and echoed by the International Covenant on Economic and Social Rights (1966,1976) as commented by the Committee on Economic , Social and cultural rights in 2008 stating
    • Progressive implementation of the right to social security while maintaining
    • a core obligation to select a core group of social risks and contingencies for immediate implementation
    • States parties…”should consider the development of further legal instruments” to “ ensure that the right to social security is given due attention in international agreements”
a human rights based approach17
A Human Rights Based Approach…
  • UDHR Article 25: Right to health and well being including food , clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services …special care and assistance in case of motherhood and childhood…
  • Article 26: Universal right to education…
  • Article 27: Right to participate in the cultural life of the community…
  • THE SPF INITITIATIVE GIVES CORE CONTENT TO THE BASIC RIGHTS EVEN IN TIMES OF CRISES …
what is the social protection floor spf initiative
What is the Social Protection Floor (SPF)–Initiative?
  • One-UN  Mandated by UN Crisis Summit and CEB
  • Ensuring rights to essential services and social transfers for the poor and vulnerable:
    • Essential services, such as health, water and sanitation, education, social work

2. Essential social transfers:

          • Universal Health Care
          • Assistance for Unemployed and Poor
          • Child benefit
          • Universal Old-Age and Disability Pension
slide19

The universal and progressive social security development approach: The horizontal and vertical dimensions – ILO mandate:

Family Benefit

Sickness Benefit

Unemployment Benefit

Maternity Benefit

Medical Care Benefit

Survivors’ Benefit

Invalidity Benefit

Old-age Benefit

Employment Injury Benefit

Social

Security

Benefits

according

to C. 102

VERTICAL

DIMENSION

Four Guarantees:

Universal Health Care

Assistance for Unemployed and Poor

Child benefit

Universal Old-Age and Disability Pension

Social

Protection

Floor

HORIZONTAL DIMENSION

gradual mngt of prioritized poverty risks through legislation regulation case finland
Gradual mngt of prioritized poverty risks through legislation & regulation, case Finland

Housing (1950-80) Immigr.

Old age(1935-70) Long termun-

Work and family(65-95) employment

Illhealth (1890-1970)Studies(60-85) Overindebt-

Children(1920-70)edness(1990s)Unemployment(60-85)

1920s.1950-70s.1990s. 2000s

(Sources: Jäntti, Saari, Vartiainen 2005; Saari 2005).

Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland

timo.voipio@formin.fi

who participates in the spf initiative
Who participates in the SPF-Initiative?
  • National governments (ministries of labour, health, finance, agriculture …), social partners and national NGOs/CSOs, etc. + Regional bodies ?
  • UN agencies such as ILO, WHO, FAO, IMF, OHCHR, UN Regional Commissions, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNDESA, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNHABITAT, UNHCR, UNODC, UNRWA, WFP, WMO, other international organizations such as World Bank and Regional Development Banks, and bilateral donors (e.g. Germany, UK, Finland, EU), global fundsand International NGOs (ICSW, HAI, SCF...)
  • OECD-POVNET
global coordination and support national action
Global coordination and support – National Action
  • Country level: Joint SPF Taskforce (government, social partners, social security institutions, UN agencies, NGOs, donors, etc. )

Joint SPF Taskforce

Government, social partners, UN agencies, NGOs etc.

Support

  • Global level: Coordination of UN agencies (ILO, WHO, UNICEF, UNDESA, UNAIDS …), donors, international NGOs, Govts, social partners which set up a Global Technical Advisory Network

Global Technical Advisory Network

finland development cooperation strong support to un normative role processes

FINLAND / Development cooperation: Strong support to UN normative role/processes

UN CSocD (Commission for Social Development) Feb-2010

Social Protection Floor

SDAN: Social Development Advisers’ Network

Special Rapporteur on Rights of People with Disabilities

+ Book + Global Partnership on Disability and Dev’t (GPDD)

3) UN Human Rights Council / Independent Expert on Extreme Poverty + ICHRP

Social Pensions and Human Rights

CCTs and HR, Crisis/SP/HR

finland development cooperation
Finland – Development cooperation
  • Multilateral support to SP innovation work by
    • One-UN Social Protection Floor Initiative (SPF-I)
    • ILODW/SP in Central Asia
    • UNICEF + WFP + UNFPA + UNDP
    • WB (TFESSD, incl. WB-SP and Disability)
finland development cooperation25
Finland – Development cooperation
  • Active role in ‘brokering’ SP Agenda Development in…
    • OECD-POVNET
      • Policy Guidance on SP and PPG 2009
      • Measuring SP in ODA statistics 2010 (user: povnet; pass: dacpovnet)
      • Joint Donor Learning Events on SP (Train4Dev) 2010
      • Global Social Protection Floor 2011-12
    • EU: European Development Report 2010 on SP in SSA Dec10  Communication/Conclusions on SP 2011?
    • AU/EU Strategic Partnership on Migr/Empl/SP 30.6.-2.7. Dakar
finland development cooperation26
Finland – Development cooperation
  • CSOs:
    • ICSW (International Council for Social Welfare)

+ IFSW (Int’l Federation of Social Workers)

+ IASSW (Int’l Association of Schools of Social Work

 Joint Conference Hong Kong 10-15 June, 2010

  • World Conference on Universal Social Security, Brazil, 12/10
  • World Social Security Forum, ISSA, Cape Town 12/10
  • IDS-Centre for Social Protection Conference on SP for Social Justice 13-15 April, 2011
congratulations to icsw ifsw and iassw

CONGRATULATIONS to ICSW, IFSW and IASSW

- None of this will succeed without committed and competent

PROFESSIONALS of CARE !!

- Key challenges, therefore:

 Rights of Care Workers

 Human Rights to Care

 Economics of Care