1 / 23


SUICIDE PREVENTION. TAKING ACTION SAVING LIVES Chaplain Owens. Suicide : A Serious Public Health Threat. A National Problem – 30,000 per yr A Military Problem – over 200 per yr in the Military Services. Three Categories of Self-Destructive Thoughts /Acts.

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript


  2. Suicide: A Serious Public Health Threat • A National Problem – 30,000 per yr • A Military Problem – over 200 per yr in the Military Services

  3. Three Categories of Self-Destructive Thoughts /Acts • Suicidal ideations / gestures • Attempted suicide • Completed Suicide

  4. What is Suicidal Ideation? • Suicidal ideation is the formulation of suicidal thoughts and plans. • Can take form of images in one’s mind, internal fantasies • 50% of all people consider suicide at some point in their life at some level

  5. What are Suicidal Gestures? • Suicidal gestures are those suicidal behaviors that are not intended to end one’s life. Gestures are usually intended to get attention. • An intentional act, suggesting a cry for help, causing self-harm or intent to cause physical self harm that would not cause death.

  6. What is a Suicide Attempt? • A suicide attempt is intended to cause self-harm to the point of death in order to escape the pain. • An intentional act, causing physical self-harm, where death would have occurred without direct intervention.

  7. What is Suicide? • Suicide is “the act or an instance of taking one’s life voluntarily and intentionally.” Webster’s Third International Dictionary • Intentional, self induced death.

  8. Why Do People Take Their Own Lives?

  9. Why? To End the Pain • Most folks who are thinking about suicide do not necessarily want to die; they do believe killing themselves is the only way to escape the pain they are experiencing • They may have tried to solve their problems without success, or solutions backfire. • They see no way out • They have lost hope • Death seems the only escape

  10. How Do People Commit Suicide? • 60% firearms • 15% hanging • 9% carbon monoxide • 16% other

  11. Groups with Higher Suicide Rates • 60% failed relationships: divorce or separation • 34% pending or recent disciplinary action • 15% Financial Difficulties

  12. What are the warnings signs that some one may be suicidal?

  13. Key Risk Factors • Depression • Alcohol / Substance Abuse • Previous Suicide Gestures/Attempts • Recent relationship loss • Previous suicide attempt • Legal or disciplinary trouble • Impulsiveness • Performance difficulties

  14. What are the Warning Signs? • Depression / Mood Changes • Hopelessness about future • Changes in Behavior or Personality • Isolation or Withdrawal • Talk or hints of suicide • Problems with Alcohol, other drugs • Sense of humiliation or failure • Giviving Away Prized Possessions • Themes of death in art, music, poetry

  15. Exploding the Myths • People who talk about suicide don’t commit suicide. • Suicide usually happens without warning. • Suicidal people are intent on dying. • Suicidal people are mentally ill. • Only certain people are suicidal types. • Talking about suicide plants ideas.

  16. First Responders • Recognize someone might be at risk for suicide • Have the courage to act • A First Responder can be anyone. It could be you!

  17. What to DO • Take threats seriously • Answer cries for help • Be a listener • Be direct with the question: “Are you thinking about hurting or killing yourself?” • If so, “What are you planning to do?” • Find out if they have the means— (gun, rope, pills, knife, etc) • Get help

  18. How to Befriend a Suicidal Person • Be yourself-- be kind, genuine and personal • It is not so much what you say but how you say it • Pay full attention with good eye contact • Silence is okay-- you don’t need to have all the answers • Be empathetic

  19. Who Ya Gonna Call? • Chain of Command / Duty Desk • Chaplain • Medical / Emergency Room • Security / Provost Marshal / Police

  20. What NOT to Do • Don’t leave them alone • Don’t assume they are not the type • Don’t act shocked • Don’t make moral judgments • Don’t keep this deadly secret

  21. “Well, I don’t think they’re going to hurt themselves…” • Being right 99% of the time isn’t good enough • You aren’t the expert • Better to annoy your friend for a while than stand at their graveside saying “If only I’d have…” • “Coulda / Woulda / Shoulda” never saved anyone • Better safe than sorry

  22. Be a Leader • Know your chain of command and local resources • Know the warning signs • Know your people • Identify at those at risk • Show you care • Be available • Take Action!

  23. Questions?

More Related