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Capitalization - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Capitalization. Mrs. Rachel Miller 6 th Grade Language Arts Herndon Magnet School. People and Cultures. Names and Initials Capitalize people’s names and initials O prah W infrey, J ohn F . K ennedy, R achel M iller Personal Titles and Abbreviations

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Mrs. Rachel Miller

6th Grade Language Arts

Herndon Magnet School

people and cultures
People and Cultures
  • Names and Initials
    • Capitalize people’s names and initials
      • Oprah Winfrey, John F. Kennedy, Rachel Miller
  • Personal Titles and Abbreviations
    • Capitalize titles and abbreviations of titles that are used before names or in direct address.
      • Senator John Bullworth, Capt. Jack Sparrow
      • Is my kitten going to be okay, Doctor?
people and cultures1
People and Cultures
  • Capitalize the abbreviations of some titles when they follow a name.
    • Jamie Crawford, M.D., Fred Jones, Sr.
  • Capitalize titles of heads of state, royalty, or nobility only when they are used before persons’ names or in place or persons’ names.
    • Surgeon General David Satcher, Queen Elizabeth
people and cultures2
People and Cultures
  • Do not capitalize titles when they are used without a proper name.
    • The queen officially opened the ceremonies.
  • Family Relationships
    • Capitalize words indicating family relationships only when they are used as names or before names.
      • Aunt Lauren, Cousin Hayes
  • In general, do not capitalize a family relationship word when it follows the person’s name or is used without a proper name.
    • I dreamed my uncle was King Arthur.
people and cultures3
People and Cultures
  • Always capitalize the pronoun I.
  • Religious Terms
    • Capitalize the names of religions, sacred days, sacred writings, and deities.
      • Christianity, Good Friday, Bible, God
  • Do not capitalize the words god and goddess when they refer to gods of ancient mythology.
  • Zeus is a god. He is not God.
people and cultures4
People and Cultures
  • Capitalize the names of nationalities, languages, races, and most ethnic groups, and the adjectives formed from those names.
    • German, Spanish, Asian American, Jewish
first words and titles
First Words and Titles
  • Sentences and Poetry
    • Capitalize the first word of every sentence!
    • In poetry, capitalize the first word of every line.
  • Quotations
    • Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation if it is a complete sentence.
      • Shakespeare was the first to write, “What’s in a name?”
    • In a divided quotation, do not capitalize the first word of the second part unless it starts a new sentence.
      • “I have a name for my new kitten,” said Sara. “It’s going to be Kitty!”
      • “Maybe you should think of another name,” Mom said, “since that was the name of your last two cats.”
first words and titles1
First Words and Titles
  • Parts of a Letter
    • Capitalize the first word in the greeting and in the closing of a letter.
      • Dear Mr. Murphy, Dear Sir, Sincerely
  • Titles
    • Capitalize the first word, last word, and all important words in a title. Don’t capitalize articles (a, an, the), conjunctions (FANBOYS), or prepositions (of, for, from, etc) of fewer than five letters.
places and transportation
Places and Transportation
  • In geographical names, capitalize each word except articles and prepositions.
places and transportation1
Places and Transportation
  • Bodies of the Universe
    • Capitalize the names of planets and other specific objects in the universe.
      • Mercury, Big Dipper, Jupiter
  • Regions and Sections
    • Capitalize the words north, south, east, and west when they name particular regions of the United States or the world or when they are parts of proper names.
      • Winters are cold in the Northeastern part of the country.
  • Do not capitalize NSEW when they indicate general directions or locations!
    • Texas is west of Louisiana.
places and transportation2
Places and Transportation
  • Buildings, Bridges, and Other Landmarks
    • Capitalize the names of specific buildings, bridges, monuments, and other landmarks.
      • Empire State Building, Lincoln Memorial
  • Planes, Trains, and Other Vehicles
    • Capitalize the names of specific airplanes, trains, ships, cars, and spacecraft.
      • Titanic, Honda, Camaro, Endeavor
organizations and other subjects
Organizations and Other Subjects
  • Organizations and Institutions
    • Capitalize all important words in the names of organizations, institutions, stores, and companies.
      • Herndon Magnet School, Target, American Cancer Society, National Honor Society
  • Historical Events, Periods, and Documents
    • Capitalize the names of historical events, periods, and documents.
      • Revolutionary War, Ice Age, Declaration of Independence
organizations and other subjects1
Organizations and Other Subjects
  • Time Abbreviations and Calendar Items
    • Capitalize the abbreviations B.C., A.D., A.M., and P.M.
    • Capitalize the names of months, days, and holidays but not the seasons.
      • December, Labor Day, Friday, fall, winter
  • Special Events, Awards, and Brand Names
    • Capitalize the names of special events and awards.
      • the World Series, the Grammy Awards
  • Capitalize the brand name of a product but not a common noun that follows the brand name.
    • Doritos potato chips, Oreo cookies
  • McDougal Littell, Inc.. Language Network. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, Inc., 2001.\