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Endangered Species. http://www.ejphoto.com/. By: Abby Wright Environmental Science Period 8 11/3/05. http://www.petandwildlife.com/wolves/images/posternow/gray_wolf_montana_400x285.jpg. http://www.bear-tracker.com/wolves.html. http://www.snowcovered.it/. www.googleimages.com.
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Endangered Species http://www.ejphoto.com/ By: Abby Wright Environmental Science Period 8 11/3/05 http://www.petandwildlife.com/wolves/images/posternow/gray_wolf_montana_400x285.jpg http://www.bear-tracker.com/wolves.html http://www.snowcovered.it/ www.googleimages.com www.googleimages.com www.googleimages.com www.googleimages.com www.googleimages.com www.googleimages.com GRAY WOLF http://www.stamates.com http://aec.army.mil/usaec/publicaffairs/update/sum03/sum0314.html http://www.mtexpress.com/2000/04-12-00/ap12wolf.jpg www.californiawolfcenter.org heal.kir.jp forum.japantoday.com www.postersbyimpact.com http://www.petandwildlife.com/wolves/images/articles/gray_wolf_pack.jpg www.azwild.org www.johnwasserman.com wildlife.state.co.us www.edugraphics.net www.ginnphoto.on.ca
Introduction Thegray wolf, also called the “timber wolf”, is a beautiful, misunderstood Mammal and a relative of “man’s best friend,” the dog. Regardless, man has caused the gray wolf population to become completely destroyed in many areas where the animal once thrived, which is why the gray wolf is now anendangered specie. http://www.dikkebeapuntnl.de/Animated_Gifs/Animals/wolf.gif
Classification Kingdom:Animalia Phylum:Chordata Class:Mammalia Order:Carnivora Family:Canidae Genus:Canis Species:Canis Lupus
Characteristics • Fur color is black, white, gray, or mixed • 26-38 inches tall, • weight is 57-130 pounds • long, bushy tail • Wolves mostly eat moose, deer, elk and caribou. They also feed on mice, voles, ground squirrels, snowshoe hares, lemmings and, at times, birds, eggs and fish • can eat 20 lbs in one sitting. • has length of 4'3"- 6'9". • males usually larger than females • can live up to 15 or 16 years. • Leave scent to mark territory • A large pack’s territory covers 100 to 260 sq. miles • very social. • Young are fed by regurgitation Characteristics Characteristics Characteristics
Characteristics (continued) Vs. http://www.borealforest.org/world/mammals/tundra_wolf.htm http://www.rescueeverydog.org/shepherd_gallery4.html GERMAN SHEPHERD WOLF A wolf resembles a German Shepherd, but wolves: are larger and taller, have thicker fur, and have a more muscular face with eyes set further apart.
Some Interesting Facts (1) Almost all wolves are subspecies of the gray wolf. (2) There is an alpha male and an alpha female for every pack. (3)Some wolf packs have as many as 36 members. (4) Wolves run on their toes; it helps to lengthen their legs for faster running. (5)Wolves hunt together, as a pack, traveling about 5 mph.They each step in the same paw prints.
Importance to the Ecosystem (In Depth) Wolves arecarnivores rely on eatingother animals hunt the weak, old, and immature… (a) Improves the overall health of the prey. How do you think this helps the ecosystem? (b) Makes the community of that species stronger, younger, and better adapted. (c) Controls prey populations. (d) All of the above. ?
http://www.infohub.com/TRAVEL/SIT/sit_pages/13701.html Biome • Wolves survive in biomes with: • Sufficient food supply • Cold climate • * The Siberian Taiga is best for wolves… • It is a boreal forest with long, cold winters and short summers. • It covers part of northern Russia, the place most wolves occupy.
Habitat DESERTS TUNDRA www.rib.okayama-u.ac.jp PLAINS MOUNTAINS www.wallpaper.net.au/ wallpaper_abstract3.php www.photo.net/photo/ pcd1661/oregon-plains-50 www.buschdieb.com/ index.php?page=2 FORESTS www.mysteryhill.com/ prehistoricforest.html
Distribution Throughout the World http://www.canids.org/SPPACCTS/greywolf.htm#Distribution Current Distribution Former Distribution (now extirpated) * By 1967, wolves were extirpated from 97% of their original range in the lower 48 states!
How Many Still Exist? • 7,000 to 9,000 in Alaska • 2,500 to 3,500 in rest of U.S. (Idaho, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Wisconsin, Wyoming) • 200,000 around the world, (previously 2 million).
Why Are They Endangered? • Heavy trapping • Poisoning • Hunting • Destruction of habitat www.battlecreekenquirer.com/.../ 39192-16284.jpg * Wolves are considered endangered in the lower 48 states,except Minnesota, where they are threatened.
A Helping Hand http://www.evergreen-church.org/helping%20hands.htm http://www.international.wolf.center.museum/wolves/learn/justkids/wild/smellystuff.asp Luckily, many organizations are present for helping wolves. Some of these include: • Wolf Recovery Foundation in Idaho • Defenders of Wildlife in WY • California Wolf Center • International Wolf Center in Ely, MN for an extensive list of additional wolf facilities and organizations throughout the world. • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Here Click Here or
Is the Outcome Hopeful? + Restoration in the Western Great Lakes states, especially Wisconsin and Michigan, is currently successful. - However, anti-wolf sentiment is still common. - In the long-term, wolves will decrease again if (1) their prey and/or habitat continues to decrease and (2) if the greenhouseeffect kills the northern forests. ? www.usa4id.com/ciwc/ www.nwf.org/ getgreen/Wood.cfm
What can we do? Truth Lies EDUCATE: http://steviaonlinesales.com/id19.html http://www.buchananfpc.com/images/BuHalloween... http://www.viciousambitious.com/steve/gallery... http://www.markings.bc.ca/mind/wolf/sloan.htm... http://www.24hourgames.com/games/LOTR/LOTR-ro... http://www.eclectics.com/WisRWA/images/bookturn.gif
Also What We Can Do… DONATE to Fundraiser
Common Q & A’s • Why do wolves howl?It’s not known for sure, but the best explanations are that wolf packs howl to make their territory known to other packs or to reassemble their pack after a hunt. • Do wolves really attack people?Most of the time, wolves flee from people. They think adult humans are bears. There hasn’t been one record of a healthy wolf attacking a human in North America. • Why are wolves so misunderstood?They are depicted poorly by • (1) fairy tales, • (2) the Christian religion (references of wolves in the Bible), • (3) myths of werewolves and histories of some murders committed by demented people believing themselves to be werewolves, and • (4)farmers who own livestock.
Conclusion I hope you liked this presentation. I hope you have developed concern for the gray wolves, because they are amazing creatures that I, personally, love and respect. They will only be around as long as people want them to. It’s up to us to help out and have good intentions for the future of this specie.
Works Cited http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr.EPA-SPECIES/1994/November/Day-22/pr-47.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolf http://animal.discovery.com/fansites/jeffcorwin/carnival/lilmammal/wolf.html http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Canis_lupus.html http://www.nps.gov/noca/wolf.htm http://www.hillsborough.k12.nj.us/hhs.endspeci/Mammals/canislupus.html
http://www.searchingwolf.com/howls.htm http://www.sdgfp.info/Wildlife/Diversity/Digest%20Articles/graywolf.htm http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/wolf.html http://www.thewildones.org/Animals/grayWolf.html http://www.wolf.org Grooms, Steve. Return of the Wolf. Minnesota: Minnetonka, 1999. Wolpert, Tom. Wolves for Kids. Wisconsin: Minocqua, 1990. MUSIC BY AH-KIN BONAMPAK AND RUFIO: Regino, Cesar and Orozco, Arturo Garcia. “Full Moon Dance.” Ah-Kin Bonampak. Earthtone Records, 1996. Rufio (Berry, Jon and Sellers, S.). “Never Learn.” The Comfort of Home. Nitro Records, 2005. Rufio (Berry, Jon and Sellers, S.). “Out of Control.” The Comfort of Home. Nitro Records, 2005.