Some Examples of Nanomaterials at UB • UB’s history and strength in nanomaterials • Nanoparticles • Semiconductor ‘quantum dots’ – tunable light emission • Metallic nanostructures– tunable light absorption • Magnetic nanoparticles • Nanoporous and nanostructured materials • Block copolymers and surfactants • Nanoporous glasses and polymers • Zeolites and catalytic materials • Nanoscale thin films and devices • Semiconductor spintronics • Nanoelectronics • Demonstrations, as time permits
UB has a long history in nanomaterials SUNY Distinguished Professor Eli Ruckenstein, who has been at UB for over 30 years, received the US National Medal of Science in 1998 "For his pioneering theories of the thermodynamics of microemulsions, hydrodynamics of thin films, interfacial phenomena, nucleation, scaling of transport phenomena, and for imaginative technological and experimental achievements in the areas of catalysis, polymer composites, metal-support interactions, and proteinseparation.” Figure from “Aggregation of Amphiphiles in Nonaqueous Media” published in 1980 in the Journal of Physical Chemistry.
Nanophotonics – A UB Strength “Nanophotonics is photonic science and technology that utilizes light-matter interactions on the nanoscale, where researchers are discovering new phenomena and developing technologies that go well beyond what is possible with conventional photonics and electronics. These new technologies could include efficient solar power generation, high-bandwidth and high-speed communications, high-capacity data storage, and flexible- and high-contrast displays. In addition, nanophotonics will continue to impact biomedical technologies by providing new and powerful diagnostic techniques, as well as light-guided and activated therapies” From the back cover of Nanophotonics
UB 2020: Strategic Strengths • Strategic Planning process for UB (President and Provost) • Started in earnest in fall 2004 • Involves both Academic Planning and Academic Support • Planning • 120 Focus of Excellence Proposals evaluated by 2020 • Academic Planning Committee • Incorporated departmental strengths analyses • Made recommendation to Executive Committee 10 Strategic Strengths
What is a Strategic Strength? • Defined as: those academic areas that UB considers to be • among its best opportunities for achieving significant • academic prominence and recognition • Grow out of established strengths and foci of excellence • Roots in distinctiveness of faculty, research, and creative • efforts • Often multidisciplinary • Potential to extend boundaries of entire Institution • High social relevance or connection to emerging fields of • discovery • Innovative way of defining UB’s role as an institution of • higher learning for the future
10 Strategic Strengths • Aging and Chronic Diseases • • Artistic Expression and Performing Arts • • Biodefense and Response to Catastrophic Events • • Civic Engagement and Public Policy • • Clinical Sciences and Experimental Medicine • • Literary, Cultural, and Textual Studies • • Information and Computing Technology • • Molecular Understanding of Biological Systems • • Integrated Nanostructured Systems • • Bioinformatics and Health Sciences
Integrated Nanostructured Systems Initiative • Strong Foci of Excellence • Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics • Center for Spin Effects and Quantum Information in Nanostructures • Center on Hybrid Nanomaterials for Multifunctional Structures and Devices • Advanced Technologies for Biomedical Engineering • Supporting Foci of Excellence • Center for Research and Education in Special Environments • Nanoinstrumentation • Time Dependent Processes in Physical Life Sciences • Tissue Engineering • Electronics Packaging Laboratory • Departments Initially identified: Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chemistry, Electrical Engineering, Physics Expanded to include: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, School of Pharmacy, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Dental School,
Integrated Nanostructured Systems Initiative (INSI) A Strategic Strength
Uniqueness at UB • Demonstrated team oriented multidisciplinary efforts in nanotechnology and nanoscience • Spintronics, Photonics and Biophotonics • Coordination between Science and Engineering and Medical School departments • Grants, Research, Equipment, Hiring, Seminar Series • Excellent characterization facilities and ability to develop new characterization techniques • Significant computational research infrastructure (CCR, etc.)
Biomedicine University Translational Efforts Nanotechnology Nanoscience (New materials and Structures) Industrial Competitiveness Environment and Society New Devices Information Technologies General Organization
VISION • Establish and maintain network of information/expertise and community of faculty with interests in nanoscience and nanotechnology and applications thereof; • Continually improve infrastructure to support research and education activities and generate research funding through centers and institutes focused on specific areas; • Exploit existing strengths to attract additional faculty to fill gaps in expertise; generate continuing/stable funding for research and education activities; • Create structure that encourages and facilitates translating R&D results into applications via entrepreneurial activities and otherwise transfers technology to industry; • Create necessary environment and capabilities to establish UB as internationally recognized major force in nanostructured systems and related areas.
Why Nanomaterials/ Integrated Nanostructured Systems ?
Doubling time ~ 3 years by 2025 - 1.5 meter wafer - 27 level metal Moore’s Second Law By 2010 – cost of building a fabrication facility will be $25 - $50 Billion By 2025 the cost will be 1.6 Trillion Dollars!!
Quantum Computer Concept Nanoscience/Nanotechnology What are the Alternatives?? • Molecular Electronics(Bio) • Photonics • Spintronics • Quantum Computing
Goals of the INS • To form a network and develop and maintain a community of researchers • To facilitate collaborations across disciplines: research, publications and grants • To provide infrastructure for the developed University Community • To provide education and training in nanoscience and nanotechnology Internationally recognized leadership role for UB
Background Established in Nov. 1999 Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Medical School (25 affiliated faculty) Objectives Research Biophotonics: biomaterials for photonics and photonic technologies in biology Nanophotonics: manipulation of materials on nanoscale to produce new optical functionality. Outreach to Community Provide education and industrial training Offer a world-class facility for consulting and testing Example of Programs DURINT: Nanoelectronics and Nanophotonics UB, Yale, MIT, Berkeley, Washington, AFOSR, 5 yrs, $5 million NSF IGERT in Biophotonics Sixteen graduate students/year Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics
Site-selected quantum dots Oxide layer Semiconductor substrate Templated Growth Center for Spin Effects and Quantum Information in Nanostructures (CSEQuIN) • Plans • Develop major, continuing center support for spin-related research • (NSF MRSEC, DoD) • Expand/support state-of-the art core facilities (Ultrafast laser fac., • clean room, e-beam lithography/fabrication, Squid magnetometry) • Develop prototype spin-related devices; transfer technology to • suitable industrial organizations. • Educate/train new cohort of graduate and undergraduate students • with the cross-disciplinary knowledge and expertise. • Develop synergistic interactions with ILPB, CoHN, bio-related efforts
Magnetic Core Optical Probe SiO2 Silica Shell LH-RH NSF IGERT: Biophotonics Fellowship program for 16 graduate students per year in Chemistry, Physics, Engineering, Biological Sciences and Medicine 20-50 nm LocalizedSpectroscopy Bioimaging Xerogel Based Sensors Nanoclinics Bioimaging Innovative Educational Activities Light Activated Biosensors Therapies and • Interdisciplinary Courses & Teams • Multidisciplinary Colloquium • Research Rotations • Internships • Co-advisement • Soft-skills development and Sensing Diagnostics Modeling and Materials and Characterization Analysis
Optical Probing Nanoclinic For Targeted Therapy Transmission Emission Nanosize Magnetic (MRI) Two-photon dye Fe3O4 SiO2 Surface Morphology of Nanoclinic Treated Cells Hormone
This Semester • Presentations will provide representative presentations of the work of excellent faculty at UB • You should: • Feel free to ask questions • Be respectful of the presenter (i.e., no talking, etc.) • Follow up with any faculty that present topics that interest you