U.S. History Chapter 14 Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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U.S. History Chapter 14 Review

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  1. U.S. History Chapter 14 Review

  2. #1 A refusal to work as a protest against specific conditions Strike Famine A: B: Trade union Discrimination C: D:

  3. A. Strike

  4. #2 Severe shortage of food Planters Cottonocracy A: B: Discrimination Famine C: D:

  5. C. Famine

  6. #3 Policy or attitude that denies rights to a group of people Individual rights Nativist A: B: Cottonocracy Discrimination C: D:

  7. C. Discrimination

  8. #4 Why were southern planters able to boost profits after 1793? Workers cleaned more cotton with a cotton gin Planters started raising livestock A: B: Workers planted less cotton and more rice and sugar cane Planters moved North to fertile lands C: D:

  9. A. Workers cleaned more cotton with a cotton gin

  10. #5 Group that wanted to limit immigration Trade union Nativist A: B: Cottonocracy Planters C: D:

  11. B. Nativist

  12. #6 A skilled worker Planter Artisan A: B: Manufacturer Cottonocracy C: D:

  13. B. Artisan

  14. #7 Which worker would object to the new railroads? Farm worker Clipper ship captain A: B: Telegraph operator Wagon driver C: D:

  15. C. Wagon driver

  16. #8 Organization of workers Trade union Skilled worker A: B: Strikers Nativists C: D:

  17. A. Trade Union

  18. #9 Which method did African Americans NOT use to resist slavery? Trying to escape to the North • Breaking tools A: B: Slave revolts Becoming skilled artisans C: D:

  19. C. Becoming skilled artisans

  20. #10 Group white southerners from wealthiest to poorest Cottonocracy, small farmers, poor whites Small farmers, Cottonocracy, poor whites A: B: Cottonocracy, poor whites, small farmers Poor whites, small farmers, Cottonocracy C: D:

  21. A. Cottonocracy, small farmers, poor whites

  22. #11 Which does NOT describe factory conditions in the 1840s? Workers lived in well-built housing Factory owners hired entire families A: B: Factories used steam-powered machines Laborers worked long hours for low wages C: D:

  23. A. Workers lived in well-built factory housing

  24. #12 Why did workers form trade unions? Cooperation with factory owners Training for unskilled workers A: B: Improvements in working conditions An end to the factory system C: D:

  25. C. Improvements in working conditions

  26. #13 The South’s dependence on the North is illustrated best by _____. North borrowed money from southern banks Northerners bought good from southern factories A: B: Southerners relied on North factory models Southerners borrowed money from northern banks C: D:

  27. C. Southerners borrowed money from northern banks

  28. #14 An Agricultural economy developed in the South because _______. Land & climate were ideal for raising crops & livestock Southerners wanted to live like royalty A: B: Other U.S. climates were not as well suited for agriculture Planters could raise crops at low costs C: D:

  29. B. Land & climate were ideal for raising crops & livestock

  30. #15 How did steam-powered machinery change manufacturing? Machines were more expensive to run Factories needed more workers A: B: Factories could be built almost anywhere Machines produced more goods at higher cost C: D:

  31. C. Factories could be built almost anywhere

  32. #16 By the 1850s, ___ linked towns with cities & factories & opened new markets for Northern economy. New railroads Wagon routes A: B: Clipper ships Telegraphs C: D:

  33. B. New railroads

  34. #17 What is TRUE about the earliest American railroads? They moved slower than canal transportation They threw off sparks that sometimes set buildings on fire A: B: They had a separate track for each direction They were safe and reliable C: D:

  35. B. They threw off sparks that sometimes set buildings on fire

  36. #18 Which statement does NOT describe most small farmers in the South? They formed the majority of southerners They rented the land they worked A: B: They worked alongside their slaves in the fields They owned one or two slaves C: D:

  37. A. They rented the land they worked

  38. #19 What victory did organized factory workers gain in 1842? Higher wages Right to strike A: B: Training programs 8-hour workday C: D:

  39. A. Right to strike

  40. #20 Describe factory conditions in the 1840s. Mass production inspired pride by workers Workers gained new benefits, including promotions A: B: There was a shortage of workers Workers suffered extreme temperatures & unsafe equipment C: D:

  41. D. Workers suffered from extreme temperatures & unsafe equipment

  42. #21 Nat Turner resisted slavery by _____. Escaping to the North Leading a major slave revolt A: B: Writing antislavery literature Refusing to pick cotton C: D:

  43. B. Leading a major slave revolt

  44. #22 What products did southerners buy largely from the North? Cotton Lumber A: B: Manufactured goods Livestock C: D:

  45. C. Manufactured goods

  46. #23 Which group made up about 75% of the white population in the South? Poor whites Small farmers A: B: Wealthy planters The Cottonocracy C: D:

  47. A. Small farmers

  48. #24 How did slavery hurt the development of southern industry? Slaves were unwilling to operate machinery Laws banned slave labor in factories A: B: Slaves had no money to buy manufactured goods Factory jobs would encourage slave revolts C: D:

  49. C. Slaves had no money to buy manufactured goods

  50. #25 By 1860, free African Americans in the South ______. Could travel throughout the South Had same rights as poor whites A: B: Made up 1/3 of the South’s population Faced harsh discrimination C: D: