Political Situation in italy in the 1970s. Nadiah (405) & Rachel (403). Years of lead (Italy).
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Nadiah (405) & Rachel (403)
The Years of Lead was a period of socio-political turmoil in Italy that lasted from the late 1960s into the early 1980s. This period was marked by a wave of terrorism, initially called “Opposing Extremisms.”
There was widespread social conflict and unprecedented acts of terrorism carried out by both right- and left-wing paramilitary groups.
The "years of lead" began with the shooting death of Antonio Annarumma in 1969 and the Piazza Fontana bombing
There were many Political Parties, all with different Ideologies that they wanted to implement in Italy.
Christian Democracy (Italy)
Opposing parties who believe in:
Nativism typically means opposition to immigration or efforts to lower the political or legal status of specific ethnic or cultural groups because the groups are considered hostile or alien to the natural culture, and it is assumed that they cannot be assimilated.
Neo-fascism is a post–World War IIideology that includes significant elements of fascism.
The term neo-fascist may apply to groups that express a specific admiration for Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism or any other fascist leader/state.
Neo-fascism believes in:
opposition to the parliamentary system
National Fascist Party which under Benito Mussolini ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1922 until 1943
Republican Fascist Party which ruled the Italian Social Republic from 1943 to 1945
Post-war Italian Social Movement, and subsequent Italian neo-fascist movements.
In Marxist theory, communism is a specific stage of historical development that inevitably emerges from the development of the productive forces that leads to a superabundance of material wealth, allowing for distribution based on need and social relations based on freely-associated individuals.
The Red Brigades (BrigateRosse in Italian, often abbreviated as the BR) were a Marxist-Leninist terrorist group based in Italy and active, via a number of political assassinations, during the "Years of Lead".
Italian Communist Party:
Outlawed during the Fascist regime, the party played a major part in the Italian resistance movement. It changed its name in 1943 to PCI and became the strongest political party of the Italian left after World War II, attracting the support of about a third of the voters during the 1970s. At the time it was the biggest communist party in the West (1.8 million members and 34.4% of the vote in 1976).
Christian Democracy (Italy)
Neo-fascistItalian Social Movement (MSI)
Italian Communist Party (PCI)
An attempt to integrate the neo-fascistItalian Social Movement (MSI) into the Tambroni government led to rioting and was short-lived.
The Christian Democrats (DC) were instrumental in the Socialist party gaining power in the 1960s and they created a coalition.
The assassination of the Christian Democratic (DC) leader Aldo Moro in 1978 ended the strategy of historic compromise between the DC and the Italian Communist Party (PCI).
The assassination was carried out by the Red Brigades, then led by Mario Moretti.
Believes in Catholic social teaching
Preferred competition to cooperation
Believes in social market economy
Rejected the Marxist's idea of class struggle.
Both right-wing and left-wing.
Against socialism and communism .
Advocacy of the third way in-between liberal capitalism and socialism;
Rejection of the party system;
Appeals for a strong executive branch;
Support for aggressive government intervention in the social sphere;
Opposition to the guiding role of superpowers in international politics.
Communism is a socio-political movement that aims for a classless and statelesssocietystructured upon common ownership of the means of production, free access to articles of consumption, and the end of wage labour and private property in the means of production and real estate.
Marxist-Leninist terrorist group
Red Brigades sought to create a revolutionary state through armed struggle and to extract Italy from the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
1. The nineteenth century: the birth, growth
2. The twentieth century
3. The Bocchini Era
4. The Senise Era and the Police War
5. Post Armistice
6. Post World War Two: Towards the new police
7. The Challenging Years
8. The Reforms of 1981
1. Funzionari role: (Leaders/ officers)
2. Ispettori role: (Inspectors)
3. Sovrintendenti role: (Superintendents)
4. Agenti e assistenti role: (Agents)
*These ranks are written in French.
There is no direct English translation.
"I have exhausted all the legal avenues," MrMariotti told the Guardian before he was escorted from his home by police to be flown back to Italy. "This is a fight that has been going on for 11 years. I think the British just want to wash their hands of me.
"I was a friend of the victim's son and I knew one of those people in the gang but I am totally innocent," he said. "When the gang was convicted none of them had ever heard of me. I am now 66 years old, I am going back to go to prison for many years. You don't need to use your imagination to know I will die there."
His employer, Nick Knight, said that he and his colleagues would continue to campaign for MrMariotti. "The evidence against him - it's rubbish," he said. "We are not going to let this lie." A website campaigning on his behalf is to be launched.
No. 352 of May 25, 1970, since the governing political parties never displayed any great interest in enabling the "abrogative referendum." This is hardly surprising, since this instrument might counterbalance and limit the power of the government.
In 1969/70 this situation accidentally changed, when the major governmental party, the Christian democrats, made a deal with its coalition partners whereby they would support the adoption of Law No. 352 in exchange for Christian democrat support for a law that allowed civic divorce.
Farce is a comedy employed in theatre that aims to entertain the audience through :
Farce is characterized by: