The Globe at 1500. Ingo Günther, ca 2005. Mappa-Mundi Psalter Map, ca 1225. Portolan. Portolan Atlas, ca 1535 (Venice). Christopher Columbus Chart (1492). Ptolemy Atlas, ca 1482 Based on Ptolemy’s Geographike (120-150 AD) . John Ferrar, “A mapp of Virginia discovered to ye Hills” (1651).
Psalter Map, ca 1225
Based on Ptolemy’s Geographike (120-150 AD)
Facsimile of Columbus’ letter concerning his first voyage
Publication and diffusion of letter
Martin Waldseemüller’s map first using the name “America”
Charta Cosmographia (1544)
John White visits outer banks of N. Carolina with Raleigh’s expedition, 1585. His drawings are not published until the 20th century.
Theodor de Bry makes engravings from White’s drawings and publishes them for a wide European audience, 1590 (to accompany Thomas Hariot’s travel journal.
Indian culture comes to us from the pre-contact period in a highly mediated form:
Study of specific tribal communities and the specificities of their culture before and after contact will distract us from the important main points: Indian communities were/are:
Moreover, we lack a decent anthology to study Native cultures in the context of New World/Colonial Studies.
Ye emperors, kings, dukes, marquises, earls, and knights, and all other people desirous of knowing the diversities of the races of mankind, as well as the diversities of kingdoms, provinces and regions of all parts of the East, read through this book, and ye will find in it the greatest and most marvellous characteristics of the peoples especially of Armenia, Persia, India, and Tartary, as they are severally related in the present work by Marco Polo, a wise and learned citizen of Venice, who states distinctly what things he saw and what things he heard from others. For this book will be a truthful one. It must be known, then, that from the creation of Adam to the present day, no man, whether Pagan, or Saracen, or Christian, or other, of whatever progeny or generation he may have been, ever saw or inquired into so many and such great things as Marco Polo above mentioned. Who, wishing in his secret thoughts that the things he had seen and heard should be made public by the present work, for the benefit of those who could not see them with their own eyes, he himself being in the years of our Lord 1295 in the prison at Genoa, cause the things which are contained in the present work to be written by master Rustigielo, a citizen of Pisa, who was with him in the same prison at Genoa.