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Study Guide Review. Cuneiform The Sumerians wrote on clay like tablets. Their writing was in the shape of wedge like symbols. 2. The Egyptian sun god The Egyptians were polytheistic, which means they worshiped many different gods. . 3. The Israelites God

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The Sumerians wrote on clay like tablets. Their writing was in the shape of wedge like symbols.


2. The Egyptian sun god

The Egyptians were polytheistic, which means they worshiped many different gods.


3. The Israelites God

The Israelites believed that by saying God and later Jesus' name out loud they were being disrespectful.


4. Torah Covenant

Israelites believed that God made a covenant or agreement with them to return them to the promise land of Canaan if they obeyed his laws. Much like the Covenant that God will return for his people one day and welcome them into Heaven.


5. Phoenician Alphabet

The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians and we (the western civilization) borrowed our alphabet from the Greeks.


6. The Great Pyramids

The Great Pyramids were built in Giza for King Kufu. Pyramids were used to bury Pharaohs in.


7. Hieroglyphics

Egyptians writing could be found in many different places. It was normally written on walls and later papyrus paper. Egyptian writing is a series of pictures that mean different things.


8. Cats

Cats in Egypt were revered and thought of as highly as gods.


9. Jews and Christians

During ancient times not many religions believed in one God. However, Jews, Christians and the Ancient Israelites have this in common.


10. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Gardens were built in Babylon which is present day Iraq. The gardens were built by Nebuchadnezzar for his wife.


11. Joshua

After Moses died, Joshua is going to lead the Israelites into Canaan. He was believed to have lived until her was 110. He was alive the late part of the Bronze Age. He also led the Israelites at the victory at the wall of Jericho.


12. Trojan War

Homer wrote the Iliad about the Trojan War. His sequel to the book, The Odyssey, was about the heroes return home.


13. Cave Walls

During the Stone Age people expressed themselves by painting pictures on cave walls. This is how we have records of activity from this time period.


14. The farming revolution

When people began to farm, this brought an end the nomadic lifestyle. People no longer had to move from place to place in search of food. They grew it themselves.


15. Both had major rivers and both depended on this river to flood to produce fertile soil.

Egypt and Mesopotamia relied on the flooding of the Nile/ Tigris and Euphrates Rivers to produce fertile soil for their crops.


16. 4000 miles long

The Nile River runs throughout Egypt and provides the country with water. This is important because most of Egypt is covered by deserts.


17. Read and Write

Many people were unable to read and write through much of history. Because of scribes from ancient times, we are able to have an account of what life was like.

yes we said this already its on your exam 2 times
Yes we said this already its on your exam 2 times!!

18. Phoenician Alphabet

The Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians and we (the western civilization) borrowed our alphabet from the Greeks.


19. 40 years

After the Israelites left Egypt they wondered in the desert for about 40 years until they reached the promise land.


20. Organized Government, Art, Religion, Class Division, Cities, writing system

21. Hosea

22. Minoan

23. Gilgamesh


24. Sumerians

The Sumerians are credited for inviting many different items. One of which is the wheel.


25. Paleolithic

The Stone Age is sometimes called the Paleolithic time period. This is the time period in which cavemen existed.


26. Protect Greece from the Persians

The Persian king Darius and his son Xerxes made it their mission to take over Greece. The Greeks met the Persians in many wars. Including the famous war Battle of Thermopylae.


27. Phillip II

Although Phillip adored Greece he wanted to take them over to build a stronger army against the Persians


28. Athena

Each god and goddess of the Greeks had different talents and jobs to carry out.


29. Conquering them , bribing them and asking them

Phillip II from Macedonia adored everything about Greece. He decided to take them over in hopes that with a united force they could ward off the Persians.


30. Euclid

King Ptolemy asked if Euclid could teach him an easy way to learn geometry. Euclid made fun of him by saying their was no royal way. Meaning he couldn’t get a free ride on everything.


31. Corinthian

Greek columns are still used today… especially in the western world.


32. Jacob

Jacobs sons formed the 12 tribes of Israel. Later they will split and 10 will form Israel. The other 2 will form Judah.


33. Pigs

Circe believed men to be no better than animals. So, she turned all the men on Odysseus’ crew into pigs.


34. The Underworld

Circe told Odysseys he had to travel into the underworld to talk to a dead blind prophet and that this prophet could tell him how to get home.


35. 12

However by the end of his journey he does not even have one ship.



Poseidon is the reason why Odysseus is having a hard time getting home. Poseidon is angry with Odysseus because he blinded his son.


37. Penelope

Penelope was faithful and waited on Odysseus for 20 years.


38. The Trojan War

39. Ithaca

40. Hittites

41. Herodutus

42. Giza

43. Comedy and Tragedies

44. Alexander the Great


45. Oligarchy

Sparta had an oligarchy government. Very few countries use this form of government anymore.


46. Epicureans

This group was started by the philosopher Epicurus.



This is known as the Exodus. Moses believed he was led by God to free the Israelites from captivity in Egypt.


48. Abraham

49. Stone Age/ or Pre History

50. Assyrians

51. Fire


52. Hatshepsut

Was the first female pharaoh. After her death, the Egyptians tried to erase every sign she had existed. In drawings and statues of her, she is depicted as a man. With a male head dressing and a beard.


53. Hippocratic

This is the oath that doctors still take today. It is known as the Hippocratic Oath. It says a doctor will do no harm.


54. Hereditary

Today when we think of this we think of inheritance but during ancient times when a parent died they passed on their title or status tp their child and this is known as hereditary.



56. Wheel

57. Trade

58. Pericles

59. Sargon

60. The center of the universe

61. Fertile soil and the development of surveying.


63. Enslaved people

64. Iron ore deposits

65. Prophet

66. Judaism

67. Daniel

68. Amenhotep

69. Alexander the Great (yes you have used him before… you are using him again)


70. Socrates

Socrates was a philosopher in Athens. He taught people to question everything including the government. Obviously the government in Athens did not like this and sentenced him to death for corrupting the youth of Athens.


71. David

David was anointed in secret to be the king of Israel. Saul was the king at the time and Samuel was afraid Saul would have him killed. After Saul dies, David becomes the known king.


72. Were like mortals but had powers. They did not believe they were all powerful.

They believed they fought with each other, had children and married.