Leadership is Everyone’s Business “No institution can possibly survive if it needs geniuses or supermen to manage it. It must be organized in such a way as to be able to get along under a leadership composed of average human beings.” ~ Peter Drucker
The Objectives of This Class • Define leadership. • Share some facts. • Look at relationship between Leaders and followers. • Explore a leadership model. • Focus on Authentic Leadership.
Managers Administer Maintain Control Short-term view Ask “How” and “When” Imitate Accept status quo Do things right Leaders Innovate Develop Inspire Long-term view Ask “Why” and “What” Originate Challenge the status quo Do the right things Leaders vs. Managers
Why is Leadership Important? • For crisis situations • For organizational performance • For employee job satisfaction • For successful management
Question What is LEADERSHIP?
Answer Leadership is the influencing process of leaders and followers to achieve objectives through action.
Key Elements of Leadership Key Elements of Influence Influence Leadership Organizational Organizational Leadership Leadership Relationships Objectives Objectives Change People Change People Key Elements of
Leader! Figure 2-1
Trustworthy Just Honest Foresighted Plans Ahead Encouraging Informed Excellence Oriented Positive Dynamic Motive arouser Confidence Builder Motivational Dependable Coordinator Intelligent Decisive Effective Bargainer Win-win problem solver Administratively skilled Communicative Team Builder Universal Positive Leadership Traits
A Leader Brings… Skills/ Competencies Experience Knowledge Values Motives Goals Personality/Traits Intelligence
SO…WHO ARE YOU? In which box is your strength?
Followers – just a little Figure 2-1
Focus on Followers “The task of the leader is to get his people from where they are to where they have not been.” ~ Henry Kissenger Performance Satisfaction Motivation Groups & Teams
Followership You cannot be a leader, and ask other people to follow you, unless you know how to follow, too. Sam Rayburn Speaker of the House 1961
Do We Have a Clear Picture? • Leaders usually contribute < 20% • We are in constant Back and Forth • More time following – 70-90% of our lives • Most discussion center on leadership rather than 80-90% doing the work.
Leadership is an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their shared purposes. Rost
Definition of Followership The willingness to cooperate in working towards the accomplishment of the group mission, to demonstrate a high degree of teamwork and to build cohesion among the group. Kelley
Complimentary • Leaders and followers share a common purpose • There is a shared sense of power between the two • Mutual engagement • Seamless relationship
Sheep • Passive/Uncritical • Do Not Play An Active Role • Simply Comply With Any Order Given
Yes People • Active Followers • Readily Carry Out Orders • Always Says What He Thinks the Leader Wants to Hear
Survivors • Right in the Middle • Rarely Committed to Work Group • Don’t Make Waves • Mediocre Performers Clogging the Arteries of an Organization
Alienated Followers • Passive/Critical • Festering Wounds in an Organization • Criticize At Will, But Never Offer Constructive Support
Effective Followers • Active/Critical • The Ideal Follower • Reflect on Organization Goals • Not Hesitant to Bring Concerns to Leader
What Followers Want • Be predictable • Be understanding • Be enthusiastic • Set the example • Show support • Get out of the office • Keep promises • Praise generously • Hold your fire • Always be fair
The Leadership Challenge • Kouzes and Posner • Leadership is a Process • When the Situation Calls For It – Be Ready • Leading Others in Times of Uncertainty
The Leadership Challenge • FIVE EASY STEPS • Model the Way • Inspire a Shared Vision • Enable Others to Act • Challenge the Process • Encourage the Heart
The Leadership Challenge • Conclusion Leadership Is Everyone’s Business
Authentic Leadership Undertitled Your title doesn’t reflect all you do or all you accomplish SUPREME COMMANDER
Authentic Leadership We can be a leader Leadership is shown through our everyday activities and the way we influence the lives of those around us!
Authentic Leadership QUALITIES • Active with purpose rather than getting bogged down by mindless activity • Caring about and listening to others
Authentic Leadership QUALITIES • Looking for ways to ENCOURAGE the contributions and development of others rather than focusing solely on personal achievements • Creating a legacy of accomplishment and contribution in everything they do
Authentic Leadership DEFINITION Leadership is a Positive Influence MOTIVATOR Passion
Authentic Leadership Measure of a Leader • Do you shape your life and career? • Do you inspire or influence others? • Do you work to achieve specific goals by working with or coordinating efforts of others?
Leadership Is Yours! Make the Choice!