American Realism 1860 – 1914
Always Remember: • Literature in America has always been, and will always be, very closely linked to American society • As society changes, so does literature.
Refresher • Early American Literature (Puritans) • Very plain, unimaginative, and observational • Federalist Literature • Very political and logic driven • Focused on how to make a better society and a better man
Refresher • Romanticism • The mindset of Federalism brought on the growth of cities and destruction of nature • Writers wanted to move back to nature and the imagination
Today’s Literature? • The government and authority figures • The Hunger Games • Harry Potter • Borne Identity • All the spy novels • Ender’s Game • Superbad • More notably, all the stories of the “little guy” taking on “the man”
Timeline Time Top Left Corner
Realism: A Time of Ethical Issues • Major Events: • Look at the timeline on page 378 in your textbook. • With a partner, find three events that you think would change the way people view the American way of life.
Realism: A Time of Ethical Issues • Major Events: • Slavery Ends • The Civil War • The Women’s Rights Movement • 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments • What do all these events have in common?
History Shaping Literature Bottom Left Corner
Society and Literature • America has developed into many different regions with many different “stories.” • New voices are emerging and people want to know what they sound like. • WRITING ISN’T JUST FOR RICH WHITE GUYS ANYMORE!! • These people finally get a voice!!!
Literary Characteristics Top Right Corner
Literary Characteristics of American Realism • Focus on ethical and social issues in real life situations • Emphasis on characters from cities and lower classes • Including true depictions of speech patterns • Focus on one region or area of America • Avoidance of exotic, sensational, or overly dramatic. • Normal setting, nothing imaginative or crazy
Today’s Realism Regionalism, Really
Jean Francois Millet (French) “Gleaners” - 1857
IlyaRepin (Russia) “They Did Not Expect Him” - 1857
Ferdinand Hodler “The Shoemaker” - 1878
George Bellows “Stag at Sharkey’s” - 1909
George Bellows “Paddy Flanagan” - 1908