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Mr. Doherty Builds His Dream Life

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  1. Mr. Doherty Builds His Dream Life

  2. Text A Mr. Doherty Builds His Dream Life • Before Reading • While Reading • Words to Drill • Global Reading • Detailed Reading • After Reading

  3. Before Reading 1. Listen to the English Song and fill in the blank; 2. Background Information 1) The Countryside; 2) Ivy League; 3) Fahrenheit and Celsius Scales; 4) Buying Insurance; 3. Dictation 1) Sports Illustrated; 2) Individual Retirement Account 4. English terms for fruits & vegetables 5. About the Author

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  5. BR1.21 Blank Filling Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Whenever I need to leave it all behind Or feel the need to I find a quiet place, far from the Out in the country Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I and take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ get away ___________ ___________ human race __________ a bright spot __________ stand alone next

  6. BR1.22 Blank Filling Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Whenever I feel them closing in on me Or need When life becomes too fast, I find at last Out in the country Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just a bright spot in the nighttime Out where the I stand alone and take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ __________________ a bit of room to move relief _____ _____________ rivers like to run next

  7. BR1.23 Blank Filling Listen to the song and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just a bright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and Before the breathin’ air is gone Before the sun is just a bright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ take back somethin’ worth rememberin’ _______________________________ back

  8. BR2.1 The Countryside The countryside of Britain is well known for its beauty and many contrasts: its bare mountains and moorland, itslakes, rivers and woods, and its long, often wild coastline. Many of the most beautiful areas are national parks and are protected from development. When British people think of farmland, as well as open spaces, they imagine cows or sheep in green fields enclosed by hedges or stone walls, and fields of wheat and barley. Many people associate the countryside with peace and relaxation. They spend their free time walking or cycling there, or go to the country for a picnic or a pub lunch. Only a few people who live in the country work on farms. Many commute to work in towns. Many others dream of living in next

  9. BR2.2 the country, where they believe they would have a better and healthier life style. America has many areas of wild and beautiful scenery, and there are many areas, especially in the West in states like Montana and Wyoming, where few people live. In the New England states, such as Vermont and New Hampshire, it is common to see small farms surrounded by hills and green areas. In Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and other Midwestern states, fields of corn or wheat reach to the horizon and there are many miles between towns. Only about 20% of Americans live outside cities and towns. Life may be difficult for people who live in the country. Services like hospitals and schools may be further away, and next

  10. BR2.3 going shopping can mean driving long distances. Some people even have to drive from their homes to the main road where their mail is left in a box. In spite of the disadvantages, many people who live in the country say that they like the safe, clean, attractive environment. But their children often move to a town or city as soon as they can. As in Britain, Americans like to go out to the country at weekends. Some people go on camping or fishing trips, others go hiking in national parks. back

  11. BR2.1.1 mountains Click the picture to return

  12. BR2.1.2 moorland Click the picture to return

  13. BR2.1.3 lakes Click the picture to return

  14. BR2.1.4 coastline Click the picture to return

  15. BR2.1.5 national parks Click the picture to return

  16. BR2.1.6 farmland Click the picture to return

  17. BR2.1.7 picnic Click the picture to return

  18. BR2.2.8 Ohio Click the picture to return

  19. BR3.1 Ivy League Ivy League refers to eight long-established colleges and universities in the United States with prestigious academic and social reputations. Members of the Ivy League are Brown Universityin Providence, Rhode Island; Columbia University in New York City; Cornell University in Ithaca, New York; Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire; Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts; University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia; Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey; Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. The members of the Ivy League compete in intercollegiate athletics.

  20. BR3.1.1 Brown University Click the picture to return

  21. BR3.1.2 Columbia University Click the picture to return

  22. BR3.1.3 Cornell University Click the picture to return

  23. BR3.1.4 Dartmouth College Click the picture to return

  24. BR3.1.5 Harvard University Click the picture to return

  25. BR3.1.6 University of Pennsylvania Click the picture to return

  26. BR3.1.7 Princeton University Click the picture to return

  27. BR3.1.8 Yale University Click the picture to return

  28. BR3.2 If you want to know more about these schools, you are welcomed to log on to their websites: Brown University www.brown.edu Columbia University www.columbia.edu Cornell University www.cornell.edu Dartmouth College www.dartmouth.edu Harvard University www.harvard.edu University of Pennsylvania www.upenn.edu Princeton University www.princeton.edu Yale University www.yale.edu

  29. BR4.1 Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit Scale refers to a scale of temperature, first established by the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1715. The unit of temperature is the degreeFahrenheit (°F), and 0 °F was originally the coldest temperature Fahrenheit could achieve using a freezing mixture of salt and ice. On his scale, water freezes at 32 °F and boils at 212 °F (under set atmospheric conditions). No longer used in scientific work, Fahrenheit temperatures still feature in everyday language; hot days “in the eighties”, for example. To convert a Fahrenheit temperature to Celsius (centigrade), subtract 32, then multiply by 5/9. back

  30. Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit Scale refers to a scale of temperature, first established by the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1715. The unit of temperature is the degreeFahrenheit (°F), and 0 °F was originally the coldest temperature Fahrenheit could achieve using a freezing mixture of salt and ice. On his scale, water freezes at 32 °F and boils at 212 °F (under set atmospheric conditions). No longer used in scientific work, Fahrenheit temperatures still feature in everyday language; hot days “in the eighties”, for example. To convert a Fahrenheit temperature to Celsius (centigrade), subtract 32, then multiply by 5/9.

  31. BR4.2 Celsius Scale Celsius Scale refers to a scale of hotness, or temperature, first established by the Swedish scientist Anders Celsius (1701~1744) in 1742. On this scale, the unit of temperature is the degree Celsius (°C); water freezes at 0 °C and boils at 100 °C (under agreed standard atmospheric conditions), although when Celsius originally devised the scale he made 0° the boiling point and 100° the freezing point. The Celsius scale was formerly commonly known as the centigrade scale because of the 100 divisions between the freezing and boiling points of water. To convert from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit multiply by 9/5 and add 32. back

  32. Celsius Scale Celsius Scale refers to a scale of hotness, or temperature, first established by the Swedish scientist Anders Celsius (1701~1744) in 1742. On this scale, the unit of temperature is the degree Celsius (°C); water freezes at 0 °C and boils at 100 °C (under agreed standard atmospheric conditions), although when Celsius originally devised the scale he made 0° the boiling-point and 100° the freezing-point. The Celsius scale was formerly commonly known as the centigrade scale because of the 100 divisions between the freezing- and boiling-points of water. To convert from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit multiply by 9/5 and add 32.

  33. BR5.1 Buying Insurance back

  34. BR6.1 Sports Illustrated Dictation Sports illustrated is a popular US sports magazine published each week by Time Inc, part of Time Warner. It first appeared in 1954, and is read mainly by men. The magazine also publishes the Sports Illustrated Sports Almanac every year. back

  35. BR7.1 Individual Retirement Account Dictation Individual Retirement Account refers to a US government plan that allows people to put part of their income into special bank accounts. No tax has to be paid on this money until they retire. In fact, “ IRA” is used more often. back

  36. Garlic Broccoli Arbi cauliflower Asparagus cantaloupe Celery Leeches English terms for fruits & vegetables back

  37. About the Author • E. B. White : Leading American essayist and literary stylist of his time. White was known for his crisp, graceful, relaxed style. • From 1929 White worked for The New Yorker's weekly magazine, remaining in its staff for the rest of his career. • White's favorite subjects were the complexities of modern society, failures of technological progress, the pleasures of urban and rural life, war, and internationalism. He was skeptical about organized religion, and advocated a respect for nature and simple living. back

  38. While-Reading • Words to Drill • Global Reading • Detailed Reading

  39. Words to Drill suburb haul overdue improvement pursue supplement illustrate spray digest lower suspect resist invest generate profit

  40. suburb: • n. an area away from the center of a town or city (可数)市郊;(复)(泛指整个)郊区 • an industrial suburb 市郊工业区 • 住在郊区可能会有一些不便。 • Living in the suburbs you may suffer a little discomfort. • [扩展] suburb = sub- (= subordinate; secondary) + urb (= city) • 前缀sub-的常见意义: • 1) under or below 下面, 底下 • subzero temperatures (= less than 0 degrees) 零度以下的温度 • subsoil (= beneath the surface) 底土 • subway 地下铁 • submarine潜水艇 California Suburbs by Moonlight. next

  41. 2) less important or powerful; secondary 下级,次要,从属, 往下 • sublet转租 subdivide再分 • subplot.从属情节 subeditor助理编辑 • 3) a smaller part or branch 分,分支 • subregion 分区 subspecies亚种 • 4) less than completely or normally; nearly; almost次于;亚于;近于 • subhuman低于人类的,不及于正常人的 suberect几乎直立的 subtropical亚热带 • [派生] suburbanadj. 市郊的,郊区的 ([反义词]urban城市的, 市内的) subway back

  42. haul: v. • 1) to pull sth heavy slowly and with difficulty用力拖,拉,曳 • The horses hauled the logs to the mill.  • 那些马把圆木拖到制材厂。 • 2) (+oneself up / out of etc.): to move oneself somewhere slowly and with a lot of effort (费劲地)来到 • 她费力地从床上爬了起来。 • She hauled herself out of bed. Rescue workers hauled passengers out of the crashed train. next

  43. 3) to force sb to go somewhere they do not want to go强迫做;硬拉 • 一些嫌疑犯已被叫来问话。 • A number of suspects have been hauled in for questioning. • 4) (usu. pass.) (haul sb (up) before sb/sth)to make sb appear in a court of law in order to be judged硬拖强拉,特别用于审讯 • 他被指控酒后开车而被送上法庭受审。 • He was hauled before the court on a charge of drunken driving. next

  44. [搭配] • haul in拉进; • haul in with[海]使船靠近; • haul off/ round/ around(infml) 退却;改变航向以躲避某物;[口]打人前先缩回手臂; 突然动手(做某事);haul up停止;把... 拖上来; • haul down one’s flag/ colors屈服,投降; • haul/ drag/ call sb over the coals (BrE) (= AmErake sb over the coals)申斥;谴责 • [派生] haulagen. 拖运 hauler (haulier) n. 运输业者, 搬运工 next

  45. [词语辨析] haul, pull, drag, draw, trail均指用力拖拉。 • haul:常指用绳子等拉,被拉的物体往往是离地面的。 • The fishermen hauled the fish into the boat. • 渔民们把鱼拖进船来。 • pull:to apply force to so as to cause or tend to cause motion toward the source of the force拉;拖;牵。是常用词,可以指把任何重量的东西拉向自己或拉在自己的后面,或拉向一个固定的地方。 • I was on the point of sitting down when somebody pulled away the chair and I fell on the floor. • 我刚要坐下时,有人拉开了椅子,使我摔倒在地。 next

  46. drag:to cause to trail along a surface, esp. the ground拖;拉;曳。拉的物体往往是沉重的而且不离地面,有摩擦力,偶尔也指向上拖曳。 • A team of horses dragged the big log out of the forest. • 一队马把那根大木头从森林里拖出来。 next

  47. draw:to pull or direct sth in a particular direction拉,曳。与pull意思相同,两者常可互换,但draw更为正式,而且常指用工具(如车子等)拖、拉。此外,draw还可以指拉开窗帘、百叶窗等。 • He drew the curtain aside to see what was going on outside. • 他拉开窗帘,看看外面出了什么事。 next

  48. trail:to allow to drag or stream behind, as along the ground 拖曳。指随便地或无目的的把某物拖于身后。 • The child was trailing a toy car on a string. • 小孩用绳子拖着一辆玩具汽车。 back

  49. overdue: • adj. not done or happening when expected or when needed; late迟到的,延误的,过期的 • 我从图书馆借的书已经过期一星期了。 • My library books are a week overdue. (= not returned by the required time) • 我要回家看我母亲,我早该去看她了。 • I'll go home and pay an overdue visit to my mother (= it should have happened before now). next

  50. [相关词] due: adj. expected to happen, arrive, etc. at a particular time 预期或预定的,尤指预定到达的 • The flight from Boston is due at 9:30. • 来自波士顿的航班预定九点三十分到达。 • The next meeting is due to be held in three months' time. • 下次会议预定三个月以后举行。 back