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Assistive Technology

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  1. Assistive Technology By: Brianne Kent

  2. What is Assistive Technology? • any item, piece of equipment or product system that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities. • Items that not only improve academic capabilities, they can improve the independence and quality of life for an individual with any form of disability. (What is Assistive Technoloy?, 2006)

  3. Laws Regarding Assistive Technology • Section 501 of Rehabilitation Act: this act prohibits the discrimination on the basis of someone’s disability. Agencies must have affirmative action in place in regards to hiring and placing a person with disabilities. • Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act: this act prohibits discrimination based on disabilities. • Section 505 of Rehabilitation Act: this act gives the rights to people with disabilities to pursue fair rights if being discriminated against because of their disability. • Section 508 of Rehabilitation Act: this act was enacted to eliminate barriers in information technology, and to provide opportunities for people with disabilities. • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): ensures equal opportunities for people with disabilities. • Section 255 of Telecommunications Act of 1966: ensures that assistive technology is readily available for people with disabilities. • Assistive Technology Act of 1998: grant program that provides state programs help from federal programs to ensure they have the technology needed to assist people with disabilities. (Assistive Technology, 2012)

  4. Hearing Impaired Technology • FM Systems • Mostly used in the classroom. • The teacher wears a small microphone connected to a transmitter and the students wears the receiver. • The receiver is tuned to a certain channel or frequency. • Reaches up to 300 feet. • If more than one used or radios being used nearby, the student will have to tune to a different station to avoid interference. • This allows a students to clearly hear what a teacher is saying without the interference of other noises and without having to always be in the front seat in the room. (Assistive Devices, 2011)

  5. Seeing Impaired Technology • Optical Character Recognition System • Machine that takes written text and speaks it. • This allows a student with a visual disability to read the same text that any other student in the class independently. • It gives them the freedom to learn at their own pace and not be reliable on someone else to provide the information. (Assistive Technology, 2014)

  6. Learning Disabled Technology • Word Prediction Software • This software can help predict what it thinks the user is going to say. • Helps students use proper spelling and grammar with less keystrokes and less frustration. • This program can allow a student to spend less time being frustrated with struggling to get their thoughts on paper because it helps to get their thoughts written down easier. (Word prediction, 1999)

  7. Physically Disabled Technology • Single Switch Access • Used with physically disabilities when the person only has use of their head • A switch that is placed next to the person’s head so that they can control the device with just the movement of their head. Allows them to click with their head. • The clicking is then interpreted using a special software program. (Assistive Technologies, 2014)

  8. References • Assistive Devices for People with Hearing, Voice, Speech, or Language Disorders. (2011, December 1). Retrieved October 30, 2014, from http://www.nidcd.nig/gov/health/hearing/pages/assittive-devices.aspx • Assistive technologies for people with physical impairments. (2014, January 1). Retrieved October 30, 2014, from http://www.gmc-uk.org/accessibility/assistive_technologies/physical_impairments.asp • Assistive Technology: Federal Laws and Regulations. (2012, January 1). Retrieved October 30, 2014, from http://www.ndrn.org/issues/assistive-technology/292-assistive-technology-federal-law-and-regulations.html • Assistive Technology. (2014, January 1). Retrieved October 30, 2014, from http://www.afb.org/info/living-with-vision-loss/using-technology/assistive-technology/123 • What is Assistive Technology? (2006, April 19). Retrieved October 30, 2014, from http://natri.uky.edu/resources/fundamentals/defined.html • Word prediction software programs. (1999, January 1). Retrieved October 30, 2014, from http://www.greatschools.org/special-education/assistive-technology/966-word-prediction-software-programs.gs