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Chapter 4 WTO Rules of Multilateral Trading System In Goods. 12- Oct-2006. Table of contents. 包括教材的第8、9、10、12、13、14章的内容. 第一节 GATT1947 与 GATT1994 的比较 第二节   倾销与反倾销规则 第三节 补贴与反补贴规则 第四节 保障措施 第五节 非关税措施 (包括技术性贸易措施、卫生与植物检疫检验措施、海关估价规则、进口许可证程序、原产地规则、装运前检验规则) 第六节 贸易与投资措施.

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Presentation Transcript
table of contents
Table of contents

包括教材的第8、9、10、12、13、14章的内容

第一节 GATT1947与GATT1994的比较

第二节   倾销与反倾销规则

第三节 补贴与反补贴规则

第四节 保障措施

第五节 非关税措施 (包括技术性贸易措施、卫生与植物检疫检验措施、海关估价规则、进口许可证程序、原产地规则、装运前检验规则)

第六节 贸易与投资措施

4.1 Comparison of GATT1947 and GATT 1994

4.2 Dumping and Antidumping Law

4.3 Subsidies and Countervailing Duties

4.4 Safeguards Measures

4.5 Non-tariff Barriers

4.6 Trade-Related Investment Measures, (TRIMs)

Overview

overview of wto goods agreements
Overview of WTO “goods” Agreements

See page14 at textbook

  • The legal system of Trade in Goods is the most important part of WTO.The Multilateral Agreements on Trade in Goods comprise
    • Part one: GATT 1994
    • Part two: Agreements on 12 Specific fields.
  • 货物贸易法律制度是WTO法律制度的重要组成部分。有关货物贸易方面的多边协定可分为两部分:
    • GATT1994;
    • 有关货物贸易具体领域的12个协定
agreements on 12 specific fields
Agreements on 12 Specific fields
  • Agreement on Agriculture
  • Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
  • Agreement on Textiles and Clothing
  • Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
  • Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs)
  • Agreement on Implementation of Article VI (Anti-Dumping code)
  • Agreement on Implementation of Article VII (Customs Valuation code)
  • Agreement on Pre-shipment Inspection
  • Agreement on Rules of Origin
  • Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures
  • Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures
  • Agreement on Safeguards
4 1 1 gatt 1947 general
4.1.1 GATT 1947-General
  • The GATT1947 was in force “provisionally” in 1948. Later on, it was amended in 1949, 1955 and 1965. It was terminated in 1996, however, the provisions of the GATT 1947 are integrated into the GATT 1994
  • GATT1947于1948年临时生效后,为了适应国际贸易的发展变化,先后在1949,1955 和1965年经过三次修改。GATT1947文本是GATT1994的基础。
4 1 1 gatt 1947 structure
4.1.1 GATT 1947-Structure
  • Totally 38 provisions in GATT1947(4 parts)
  • GATT1947共38条,由序言和以下4部分组成。
    • 1.1-2条是总协定的核心部分。其中第1条规定了最惠国待遇原则,这是总协定多边贸易体制的基石。第2条减让表明确了各缔约方的关税减让义务。
    • 2.3-23条。主要是关于国民待遇原则、非歧视原则、限制与取消非关税壁垒措施及各项例外的内容。具体的实体性的规定都反映在这部分当中。
    • 3.24-35条 。规定了总协定的适用范围、运行方式、加入与退出及争端解决程序。
    • 4.36-38条。是1965年增加的。是针对发展中国家特殊需要所做的规定。
4 1 2 gatt 1994 general
4.1.2 GATT 1994-General
  • A WTO Agreement
    • One of the multilateral agreements annexed to the WTO Agreement.
    • An international treaty binding upon all WTO members
  • Scope of Application
    • Only concerned with trade in goods.
    • Further liberalizing trade in goods through reduction of tariff and other trade barrier and elimination discrimination
4 1 2 gatt 1994 structure
4.1.2 GATT 1994-Structure
  • The GATT 1994 assembles legal provisions from different sources. It consists of
  • the provisions of the GATT 1947
  • legal instruments concluded under the GATT 1947
  • Understandings concluded during the Uruguay Round on the interpretation of the provision of the GATT1947,
  • Marrakesh Protocol of Tariff Concessions
  • 《1947年关贸总协定》
  • 1994年以前依GATT1947达成的各种法律文件
  • 乌拉圭回合达成的解释《1947年关贸总协定》 有关条款的6个谅解
  • 马拉喀什议定书(关税减让表)
4 1 2 gatt 1994 structure2
4.1.2GATT 1994-Structure
  • 1.GATT 1947的各项条款
    • GATT1994的最重要的部分。
  • 2.世贸组织协定生效日前已经生效的关贸总协定的其他法律文件
    • WTO成立前的关税减让议定书
    • 各缔约方的加入议定书
    • 依GATT1947给予的仍然有效的豁免(准予免除义务的规定)
    • 缔约方全体作出的其他决定。
  • 3.乌拉圭回合对GATT 1994达成的6项谅解。
    • (1)关于解释第2条第1款b项的谅解;
    • (2)关于解释第17条国营贸易企业的谅解;
    • (3)关于解释总协定国际收支条款(12、18条)的谅解;
    • (4)关于解释第24条的谅解;(建立关税同盟和自由贸易区)
    • (5)关于豁免总协定义务的谅解(25条);
    • (6)关于解释总协定第28条的谅解。
  • 4.GATT1994马拉喀什议定书。即GATT1994的减让表
4 1 3 comparison of gatt 1947 gatt 1994
4.1.3 Comparison of GATT 1947 GATT 1994
  • GATT1994《GATT 1994》是指(1)指乌拉圭回合结束后的总协定;(2) 是以1947年总协定为基础而经修正,补充而成的新的总协定,并不是GATT 1947的简单翻版,不能将两者混为一谈。