international standards in the multilateral trading system l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 299 Views
  • Uploaded on

International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System. Fruit and Vegetables for the Fresh Market. German Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food Section Marketing Standards and Inspection Ulrike Bickelmann. International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System' - JasminFlorian


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
international standards in the multilateral trading system
International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

Fruit and Vegetables

for the Fresh Market

international standards in the multilateral trading system3
Why marketing standards for fruit and vegetables?International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • f & v grow naturally
  • quality is influenced by cultivation, harvest, storage, handling and transport conditions
  • trading volume & price influenced by quality
  • producers & traders grade their produce to best serve the market
  • standards serve as a trading language
international standards in the multilateral trading system4
Positive effects of standardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • technical definition of quality parameters
  • labelling as a reference (address, country of origin, quality class )
  • reliability & credibility & profitability increased
  • contract without personal inspection by the buyer
  • transparency in the market
international standards in the multilateral trading system5
Multiplication of positive effectsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

company (producer, trader)

region (producer association)

country (national standard)

two countries or more (international standard)

international standards in the multilateral trading system6
Negative effects of national standardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • valid for one country only
  • exporters have to meet the national standards of the different importing countries
  • importing countries should accept multiple export standards
  • trade is complicated and paved with conflicting regulations
  • barriers to trade established in national law
international standards in the multilateral trading system7
Negative effects of national standardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

National standards for potatoes

Class I Class II Out of grade

Germany 31 % 8 % 51 %

Germany (disc) 6 % 32 % 62 %

Austria 72 % 11 % 17 %

international standards in the multilateral trading system8
Positive effects of international standardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • developed and agreed by exporting and importing countries
  • technical barriers to trade avoided
  • market transparency increased
  • competition based on uniform minimum standards
international standards in the multilateral trading system9
International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

UN/ECE

United Nations - Economic Commission for Europe

Committee on Trade

Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards

Dry and

Dried Fruit

Seed

Potatoes

Meat

Fresh Fruit

and Vegetables

international standards in the multilateral trading system10
Why UNECE Standards?International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • to define a common trading language
  • to fill the gap between food safety regulations and marketing
  • to define commercial quality for foodstuffs
  • to encourage high quality production
  • to protect consumer’s interests
international standards in the multilateral trading system11
International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

Process of elaborating a standard

Rapporteur prepares/amends text

Specialized Section discusses

text in detail

Specialized Section and Working Party agree to create/amend a standard

Working Party

discusses text in general

UN/ECE Standard

UN/ECE Recommendation

for a 2+1 year trial period

  • http://www.unece.org/trade/agr/welcome.htm
international standards in the multilateral trading system12
UNECE Standards enshrined in EU legislationInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 2200/96 on the common organisation of the market in fruit and vegetables
  • classification using common obligatory standards provides a reference framework that
        • encourages fair trading and market transparency
        • eliminates products of unsatisfactory quality from the market
        • helps to improve the profitability of production
  • standards take into account UNECE standards
  • standardisation can only be fully effective when applied, subject to exemption, at all marketing stages and on departure from the production region
international standards in the multilateral trading system13
European Union Marketing StandardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

ApplesAvocadosCherriesCitrus fruit (oranges, lemons, mandarins)Hazelnuts in shellKiwifruitMelonsPeaches and NectarinesPearsPlumsStrawberries Table grapesWatermelonsWalnuts in shell

international standards in the multilateral trading system14
European Union Marketing StandardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

ArtichokesAsparagusAuberginesBeansBrussels SproutsCarrots Cauliflower CourgettesCucumbersCultivated MushroomsGarlicHeaded CabbagesLeeksLettuces and Endives

OnionsRibbed CeleryPeasSpinachSweet PeppersTomatoesWitloof Chicory

international standards in the multilateral trading system15
European Union Marketing StandardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • I. Definition of produce
  • II. Provisions concerning quality
      • - Minimum requirements
      • - Maturity requirements
      • - Classification
  • III. Provisions concerning sizing
  • IV. Provisions concerning tolerances
  • V. Provisions concerning presentation
  • VI. Provisions concerning marking
international standards in the multilateral trading system17
European Union Marketing StandardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • packer/dispatcher
  • name of produce - variety/commercial type
  • country of origin
  • quality class
  • size
international standards in the multilateral trading system18
European marketing standardsInternational Standards in the Multilateral Trading System
  • obligatory in all member states
  • obligatory at all marketing stages (including import and export)
  • conformity checks
      • in accordance with Regulation (EC) no. 1148/2001
      • at all levels of distribution
      • based on risk analysis and sampling
      • resentment based on national law of the member states
international standards in the multilateral trading system19
Import Inspection in Germany - 2005International Standards in the Multilateral Trading System

35,062 lots = 129,376 tons

of which 3 % rejections

because of

labelling

deterioration

physiological defects

skin defects

cleanliness