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The United states court system. U.s. district courts. 91 - each state has at least 1 and in there is one located in Washington D.C. Special district courts in territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands). District Courts Cont…. NC has 3 district courts –

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u s district courts
U.s. district courts
  • 91 - each state has at least 1 and in there is one located in Washington D.C.
  • Special district courts in territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands)
district courts cont
District Courts Cont…

NC has 3 district courts –

Charlotte, Raleigh and Greensboro

the u s district court jurisdiction
The U.s. district court: jurisdiction
  • Original Jurisdiction: entry point for most federal civil and criminal cases, most federal cases start here
  • Supervises naturalization of aliens
  • Deals with maritime/admiral law
  • Diversity of citizenship cases
  • (Civil cases involving people from different states and over $75k)
  • Only U.S. court to hold trials and impanel juries
u s district courts judges
U.s. district courts: judges
  • 680 judges total
  • 1 judge per case usually
  • Each district has between 2-28 judges
  • Serve for life!
  • Are technically selected by the President and approved by the Senate. However, senatorial courtesy is the unwritten tradition where the President will check with a senator from his party from the state where the judge will serve first.
u s district courts misc
U.s. district courts: misc…
  • Other officials found in the District Courts:
  • U.S. Attorney appointed by President and approved by the Senate (serves at discretion of Pres.)
  • U.S. Marshals in each district to protect the court and serve papers
  • Federal magistrates set bail and
  • issue warrants, preside over some
  • petty cases. Serve 8 year terms.
  • In 2004, the U.S. District Court
  • heard approx. 352,000 cases – mostly routine cases
united states court of appeals
UNIted states court of appeals
  • Geographic jurisdiction: 12 circuits total in the U.S.
  • Each circuit serves at least 2 states and up to 9 states
  • NC – 4th
  • circuit in VA
u s court of appeals
U.S. court of appeals
  • JURISDICTION:
  • Appellate – reviews cases appealed from the U.S. District Court (75% OF CASES)
  • Focuses on correcting errors of procedure and laws that occurred in original proceedings (examples: improper instructions to a jury or misinterpreted rights under law)
  • Reviews and enforces orders of federal regulatory agencies such as the SEC and the NLRB
  • Often sets precedent within its jurisdiction
united states court of appeals1
UNIted states court of appeals
  • JUDGES:
  • 179 TOTAL
  • 3 JUDGE PANEL PER CASE (important cases are “en banc” – all judges)
  • 6-28 PER CIRCUIT
  • APOINTED BY PRES AND APPROVED BY SENATE (WITH SEATORIAL COURTESY – BUT NOT QUITE AS IMPORTANT HERE BC USUALLY COVERS MORE THAN 1 STATE)
  • LIFE TERM
united states court of appeals2
UNIted states court of appeals
  • MISC:
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit – hears patent, international trade cases and claims against the United States.
  • -Formed in 1982
  • -12 judges
  • Hears about 40,000 cases a year
  • NO TRIALS OR TESTIMONY
  • NO JURIES
united states supreme court
UNIted states supreme court
  • 1 court in Washington D.C.
  • 9 justices – 1 Chief Justice and 8 Associate Justices
  • Justices are selected by President and approved by the Senate - 20% fail
  • Life terms
  • Thousands apply but only around 150 cases will be heard
  • 4 justices must agree to hear a case (substantial federal ?)
  • Majority vote and if tie then original decision stands
  • Controls its own agenda!
the united states supreme court
The UNIted states supreme court
  • JURISDICTION:
  • ORIGINAL
  • RESOLVES CONFLICTS AMONG STATES
  • FOREIGN DIPLOMATS
  • APPELLATE - MOST CASES ARE BEING APPEALED FROM EITHER THE U.S. COURT OF APPEALS OR THE STATE SUPREME COURTS
  • Also ensures uniformity of
  • interpretation of national laws
  • Maintains national supremacy
the current u s supreme court
The current U.S. Supreme court

Fun Fact: the number of justices has ranged from

6-10

Salaries:

Chief Justice - $223,500

Associate Justices - $213,900