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The Environmental Problem - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Environmental Problem. Preserving Our Global Environment. The Policy Cycle. Identification Agenda setting Systemic Institutional Formulation Implementation Evaluation. Environmental Problem Identification. Is an important stage Unidentified problems will not be addressed

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The Environmental Problem


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. The Environmental Problem Preserving Our Global Environment

    2. The Policy Cycle • Identification • Agenda setting • Systemic • Institutional • Formulation • Implementation • Evaluation

    3. Environmental Problem Identification • Is an important stage • Unidentified problems will not be addressed • The way in which a problem is perceived will influence the solutions proposed • Involves several key questions • Is there a problem? • What is it? • Government’s role?

    4. Problem Identification: Is There A Problem, & What Is It? • From the video: • Population • Deforestation/Biodiversity • Global Warming (Greenhouse Effect)

    5. Commonalties/Linkages • Human behavior/natural world interaction • Complexity • Trade-offs (tough choices) • Risks & opportunities

    6. Addressing Problems Can Be Difficult • Human behavior (“We have met the enemy & he is us,” Pogo) • Limits of human knowledge • Nature • Complexity • Long time frames • Depletion

    7. The “Bottom Line” • It is difficult to predict the exact consequences of actions • Short-term & long-term consequences may be very different • Disrupting nature inherently involves risks • So does ignoring existing disruptions (maintaining the status quo, the “default option”)

    8. Government’s Role • Is based on its resources • Money • Power • And others • May be direct (“level playing field,” penalties, incentives) • Or indirect (education, quasi-market approaches)

    9. Governments Face Difficulties • Resolving environmental problems often requires cooperation, which can be difficult to achieve • Standard political & governmental problems • Politics (who benefits, who pays) • Jurisdiction • Limited authority • Competing demands