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North America - I (CHAPTER 3: 134-155). DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS. ANGLO-AMERICAN LABEL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CHRISTIAN FAITHS EUROPEAN NORMS GOVERNMENT, ARCHITECTURE, DIET, ARTS HIGHLY URBANIZED MOBILE POPULATIONS HIGH INCOMES MANUFACTURING OUTPUT FEDERAL STATES WITH PLURAL SOCIETIES.

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defining characteristics
DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS
  • ANGLO-AMERICAN LABEL
  • ENGLISH LANGUAGE
  • CHRISTIAN FAITHS
  • EUROPEAN NORMS
    • GOVERNMENT, ARCHITECTURE, DIET, ARTS
  • HIGHLY URBANIZED
  • MOBILE POPULATIONS
  • HIGH INCOMES
  • MANUFACTURING OUTPUT
  • FEDERAL STATES WITH PLURAL SOCIETIES
slide5
INDIGENOUS

DOMAINS

slide7
THE IMMIGRANT EXPERIENCE: 1820-1980

South/East

Europe

10000

Germany

Scandinavia

8000

Latin America

Asia

British

Isles

6000

Immigration in 1000s

4000

2000

1820

1840

1860

1880

1900

1920

1940

1960

1980

Push FactorsPull Factors

+1840s: Irish Potato Famine +Economic Opportunity

+1850-1920: Overpopulation, War +Political/Religious Freedom

+Recent: Overpopulation, War, Oppression +Land Availability

urban geography
URBAN GEOGRAPHY
  • CONCERNED WITH THE SPATIAL ASPECTS OF CITIES AND URBAN NETWORKS
  • 4 MAJOR THEMES
    • HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CITIES
    • INTERURBAN GEOGRAPHY
    • INTRAURBAN GEOGRAPHY
      • URBAN SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY
    • PLANNING AND POLICY-MAKING
  • 3 KEY MODELS
    • BORCHERT; ADAMS; VANCE
borchert s model metropolitan evolution
BORCHERT’S MODEL(METROPOLITAN EVOLUTION)
  • GENERALIZATION OF THE HISTORICAL GROWTH OF THE US URBAN SYSTEM
  • BASED ON KEY CHANGES IN ENERGY AND TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY
  • OCCURRED IN 5 STAGES
    • Sail-Wagon Epoch (1790-1830)
    • Iron Horse Epoch (1830-1870)
    • Steel-Rail Epoch (1870-1920)
    • Auto-Air-Amenity Epoch (1920-1970)
    • Satellite-Electronic-Jet Propulsion Epoch (1970-?)
adam s model
ADAM’S MODEL
  • FOCUSED ON INTRAURBAN GROWTH
  • BASED ON BREAKTHROUGHS IN TRANSPORTATION TECHNOLOGY
  • A PATTERN OF OUTWARD-AREAL EXPANSION
  • OCCURRED IN 4 STAGES
    • <1888- WALKING-HORSECAR ERA
    • 1888-1920- ELECTRIC STREETCAR ERA
    • 1920-1945- RECREATIONAL AUTO ERA
    • 1945-PRESENT- FREEWAY ERA
adam s model stages of intraurban growth
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

Expressways

1

adam s model stages of intraurban growth1
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

Expressways

1

adam s model stages of intraurban growth2
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

2

Expressways

1

1880

adam s model stages of intraurban growth3
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

2

Expressways

1

1880

adam s model stages of intraurban growth4
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

3

3

2

Expressways

1

1880

1920

adam s model stages of intraurban growth5
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

Arterial Highways

3

3

2

Expressways

1

1880

1920

adam s model stages of intraurban growth6
ADAM’S MODEL(STAGES OF INTRAURBAN GROWTH)

Electric Streetcars,

commuter railroads

4

Arterial Highways

3

2

Expressways

1

1880

1920

1940

1990s

urban spatial changes microscale intraurban
URBAN SPATIAL CHANGESMICROSCALE (Intraurban)
  • James Vance defines a new tributary area;URBAN REALMS
  • Single urban structure of the past is transformed into a multicentered model in which several outlying activity concentrations rival the Central Business District (CBD)
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